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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Garlic Mustard
Species Profiles

Garlic Mustard

Garlic Mustard

Scientific name: Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande (ITIS)

Synonym: Alliaria officinalis Andrz. ex M. Bieb. (ITIS)

Common names: Garlic mustard, hedge garlic, sauce-alone, jack-by-the-hedge, poor man's mustard, jack-in-the-bush, garlic root, garlicwort, mustard root

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Selected Resources

Native To: Europe (Munger 2001)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in 1868 (Munger 2001)

Means of Introduction: Cultivated for food and medicinal use (Cavers et al. 1979)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Munger 2001)

Current U.S. Distribution:



Selected Resources:

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Council or Task Force

Invasive Plants of Ohio: Fact Sheet 3 - Garlic Mustard (PDF | 214 KB)
Ohio Invasive Plants Council.
See also: Invasive Plants of Ohio for worst invasive plant species identified in Ohio's natural areas

Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual - Garlic Mustard
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.

Priority Species: Garlic Mustard
Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Washington Invasive Species Council.

Fact Sheet: Garlic Mustard (Jan 2014; PDF | 537 KB)
Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).
See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act


Alaska Exotic Plants Information Clearinghouse (AKEPIC): Species Biography - Garlic Mustard (Feb 7, 2011; PDF | 118 KB)
University of Alaska - Anchorage. Alaska Center for Conservation Science.
See also: Non-Native Plant Species List for additional factsheets (species biographies) and species risk assessment reports of non-native species present in Alaska and also non-native species currently not recorded in Alaska (potential invasives).

Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) - Garlic mustard
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth - Garlic Mustard
Mississippi State University. Geosystems Research Institute.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Garlic Mustard
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

New York Invasive Species Information - Garlic Mustard
New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.

Texas Invasives Database - Alliaria petiolata

Invasive Species Compendium - Alliaria petiolata
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Alliaria petiolata (herb)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Invaders Factsheet: Garlic Mustard
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (Canada).

Federal Government

U.S. National Plant Germplasm System - Alliaria petiolata
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Alliaria petiolata
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

Conservation Practice Job Sheet MN-797 - Garlic Mustard (Jan 2007; PDF | 135 KB)
USDA. Natural Resources Conservation Service.

PLANTS Database - Garlic Mustard
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

State Government

Field Guide: Invasive - Garlic Mustard
Missouri Department of Conservation.
See also: Problem Plant Control (scroll to Invasive Plants section) for more information to help you identify and control most common invasive plants in Missouri

Fact Sheet: Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata) (2014; PDF | 257 KB)
New Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets, and Food. Division of Plant Industry.
See also: New Hampshire's Prohibited Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for additional invasive trees, shrubs, vines, and herbaceous plants

Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Garlic Mustard (PDF | 160 KB)
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for plant species (trees, shrubs, vines, herbs and aquatic plants) that have impacted the state's natural lands

Class A Noxious Weed: Garlic Mustard
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.

King County (Washington) Noxious Weed Control Program - Garlic Mustard
King County Department of Natural Resources (Washington). Water and Land Resources Division.

Garlic Mustard
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Garlic Mustard
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
See also: Maine Invasive Plants & Entire Series for entire series of 22 fact sheets and invasive plants brochure (available in HTML/PDF or for purchase)

Garlic Mustard: Help for Stopping This Woodland Pest
Michigan State University. Integrated Pest Management Program.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Garlic Mustard
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Ohio Perennial & Biennial Weed Guide - Garlic Mustard
Ohio State University. Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.

Controlling Non-Native Invasive Plants in Ohio's Forests: Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)
Ohio State University. Extension.

Invasive Plant Fact Sheet - Garlic Mustard Fact Sheet (Nov 2011; PDF | 176 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Flora Project of Morris Arboretum.
See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for additional invasive plants in Pennsylvania


Cavers, P.B., M.I. Heagy, and R.F. Kokron. 1979. The biology of Canadian weeds.: 35. Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara and Grande. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 59(1):217-229.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Alliaria petiolata. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Munger, G.T. 2001. Alliaria petiolata. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Aug 25, 2018
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