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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Fig Buttercup
Species Profiles

Fig Buttercup

Fig buttercup

Scientific name: Ficaria verna Huds. (formerly known as Ranunculus ficaria L.) (Emadzade et al. 2010)

Common names: Fig buttercup, lesser celandine

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Europe (Post et al. 2009)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First identified in 1867 (Post et al. 2009)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental (Post et al. 2009)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Axtell et al. 2010)

Current U.S. Distribution: Northeastern U.S. and Pacific Northwest


Selected Resources:

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Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) - Fig buttercup, lesser celandine
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Fig buttercup
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

New York Invasive Species Information - Lesser Celandine
New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.

TISI Inventory - Fig Buttercup / Lesser Celandine
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Global Invasive Species Database - Ranunculus ficaria (herb)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

U.S. National Plant Germplasm System - Ficaria verna
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.
Scientific name changed Jul 7, 2010 based on "A molecular phylogeny, morphology and classification of genera of Ranunculeae (Ranunculaceae)"

PLANTS Database - Fig Buttercup
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

State Government

Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Lesser Celandine (PDF | 246 KB)
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for plant species (trees, shrubs, vines, herbs and aquatic plants) that have impacted the state's natural lands

Class B Noxious Weed: Lesser Celandine
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.

Lesser Celandine (Ranunculus ficaria)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Home Grown Facts - Greater and Lesser Celandine (PDF | 1.0 MB)
Cornell University Cooperative Extension. Oneida County.
See also: Home and Garden - Weeds for more fact sheets

Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Lesser Celandine
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
See also: Maine Invasive Plants & Entire Series for entire series of 22 fact sheets and invasive plants brochure (available in HTML/PDF or for purchase)


Axtell, A.E., A. DiTommaso, and A.R. Post. 2010. Lesser celandine (Ranunculus ficaria): a threat to woodland habitats in the northern United States and southern Canada. Invasive Plant Science and Management 3(2):199-196.

Emadzade, K., C. Lehnebach, P. Lockhart, and E. Hörandl. 2010. A molecular phylogeny, morphology and classification of genera of Ranunculeae (Ranunculaceae). Taxon 59(3):809-828.

Post, A.R., A. Krings, W.A. Wall, and J.C Neal. 2009. Introduced lesser celandine (Ranunculus ficaria, Ranunculaceae) and its putative subspecies in the United States: a morphometric analysis (PDF | 1.56 MB) Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3(1):193-209.

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Last Modified: Aug 25, 2018
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