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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Zika Virus Disease
Species Profiles

Zika Virus Disease

Zika virus

About Zika Virus Disease
DHHS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
"Zika virus disease (Zika or ZIKV) is a disease caused by the Zika virus, which is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito.

Ae. aegypti is the primary vector responsible for the current outbreak in the Americas. Ae. albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) has been shown to be able to transmit Zika virus in Africa and in laboratory settings, although it does not yet appear to be a major vector of the virus." (Plourde and Bloch 2016; WHO 2016)



  • Google News - Zika Virus Funding

  • Invasive Mosquito Project
    Invasive Mosquito Project.
    The Invasive Mosquito Project is aimed at monitoring invasive container-inhabiting mosquito species across the United States. By doing this monitoring, we can determine where the invasive mosquito species, as well as native species, are distributed across the U.S. and define at-risk human and animal populations based on this distribution. This citizen science project provides students, teachers, and anyone interested the opportunity to collect real data and contribute to a national mosquito species distribution study.

Impact: The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being bitten by an infected mosquito. People usually don't get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. However, Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect called microcephaly, as well as other severe fetal brain defects. Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections. (DHHS, CDC)

Selected Resources:

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National Pest Alert: Zika Virus
North Central Integrated Pest Management Center.

Zika Virus Infection
Pan American Health Organization; Regional Office for The Americas of the World Health Organization.
See also: Latest Global Situation Report on Zika

United Nations Zika Response Multi-Partner Trust Fund Launched (May 6, 2016)
United Nations.

Potential Zika Virus Risk Estimated for 50 U.S. Cities (Mar 16, 2016)
The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). Atmos News.

Combating Zika and Future Threats: A Grand Challenge for Development
U.S. Agency for International Development.

Fact Sheets - Zika Virus
World Health Organization.
See also: Zika Outbreak: WHO's Global Emergency Response Plan

Federal Government

Zika Virus
DHHS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Zika Virus Response Updates from FDA
DHHS. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

USDA Radio News - Search Results for "Zika%20Virus"
U.S. Department of Agriculture.

USDA Pest Management Program Targets Virus-transmitting Mosquitoes (Feb 3, 2016)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service. News.

The Zika Virus: What You Need to Know (Feb 23, 2016)
White House. President Barack Obama (archives).
See also: Fact Sheet: Preparing for and Responding to the Zika Virus at Home and Abroad (Feb 8, 2016)

State Government

HealthFinder.gov - State Health Departments
DHHS. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.
Provides links and resources for State Health Departments, many of which have information about Zika virus with specific state information.

Michigan Emerging Disease Issues - Zika Virus
State of Michigan.


UCLA Scientists Unravel the Genetic Evolution of Zika Virus (Apr 15, 2016)
University of California - Los Angeles. UCLA Newsroom.

Researchers Reveal Zika Virus Structure, A Critical Advance in the Development of Treatments (Mar 31, 2016)
Purdue University. News. (Indiana).

A New Paper-based Test for the Zika Virus: Inexpensive Device Can Diagnose Zika in Just a Few Hours (May 6, 2016)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. MIT News.

Scientists Describe New Model to Enhance Zika Virus Research (Apr 19, 2016)
University of Wisconsin - Madison. News.


Zika Virus Resource Summary for Ob-Gyns and Health Care Providers
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Zika Virus Resource Centre
Note: Collection of scientific/technical articles published in Lancet journals; freely accessible

PLOS Collections - Zika
Public Library of Science.
Note: Collection of all Zika-related research published in PLOS journals; freely accessible

Zika Virus News
Thomas Reuters Foundation News.


DHHS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Zika Virus. [Accessed May 30, 2016].

Plourde, A.R., and E.M. Bloch. 2016. A literature review of Zika virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases 22(7).

World Health Organization. 2016. Zika Virus Technical Report (PDF | 3.49 MB). Interim Risk Assessment, WHO European Region.

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Last Modified: Sep 11, 2018
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