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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / White-Nose Syndrome
Microbes
  
Species Profiles

White-Nose Syndrome

Little brown bat with fungus on muzzle (White-nose syndrome) -  NY Dept of Envrionmental ConservationScientific name: Fungus, formerly known as Geomyces destructans is now known as Pseudogymnoascus destructans, or Pd. (Minnis and Lindner 2013)

Common name: White-Nose Syndrome (WNS)

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Europe (Leopardi et al. 2015)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in a cave near Albany, New York in Feb 2006. New York Department of Environmental Conservation biologists documented white-nose syndrome in Jan 2007. (Blehert et al. 2011)

Means of Introduction: Most likely introduced by human activity, possibly by a visitor to a show cave in New York. (Leopardi et al. 2015; Puechmaille et al. 2011)

Impact: Disease of bats causing a population decline of 72 to 88 percent of hibernating species in the northeastern U.S. (Lorch et al. 2012; Puechmaille et al. 2011)

Current U.S. Distribution:

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Partnership

White-Nose Syndrome.org - A Coordinated Response to the Devastating Bat Disease
DOI. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Invasive Species Compendium - White-nose syndrome
CAB International.

Federal Government

Help Us Slow the Spread of White-nose Syndrome (PDF | 856 KB)
USDA. FS. Eastern Region.

White-Nose Syndrome and North Carolina - An Overview (May 2010; PDF | 374 KB)
DOI. Fish and Wildlife Service.
See also: Conservation Issues in the Asheville Field Office for more factsheets

White-Nose Syndrome Threatens the Survival of Hibernating Bats in North America
DOI. USGS. Fort Collins Science Center.

Disease Information - White-Nose Syndrome (WNS)
DOI. USGS. National Wildlife Health Center.

International Government

Animal Health and Diseases - White-Nose Syndrome
Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (Australia). Office of Biosecurity.

White-Nose Syndrome in Alberta (Jul 2009; PDF | 475 KB)
Alberta Sustainable Resource Development (Canada). Fish and Wildlife.
See also: Common Wildlife Diseases & Parasites for more fact sheets

Wildlife Diseases - White-Nose Syndrome
British Columbia Ministry of Environment (Canada).

White Nose Syndrome in Bats
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (Canada). Wildlife Management.

State Government

Delaware's Bat Program
Delaware Division of Fish and Wildlife.

White-Nose Syndrome in Bats
Indiana Department of Natural Resources.

Disease Issues in Mammals - White Nose Syndrome
Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife.

Michigan Emerging Disease Issues - White Nose Syndrome in Bats
State of Michigan.

White-nose Syndrome and Minnesota's Bats
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.

Wildlife-Related Diseases - White-Nose Syndrome (WNS)
Pennsylvania Game Commission.

White-Nose Syndrome in Virginia
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.

Wildlife Health - White Nose Syndrome
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Academic

White Nose Syndrome Information (PDF | 155 KB)
Indiana State University. Center for North American Bat Research and Conservation.

White-Nose Syndrome: A Deadly Disease of Bats
Ohio State University. Extension.

Professional

White-nose Syndrome: A Deadly Disease
Bat Conservation International.

White Nose Syndrome Page: A Project of the Biological Response Committee
National Speleological Society.

Threats to Bats - White-nose Syndrome
Bat Conservation Trust (United Kingdom).

Exotic - White Nose Syndrome Fact Sheet (Apr 2017; PDF | 592 KB)
Wildlife Health Australia.
See also: Exotic Fact Sheets for more species

Citations

Blehert, D.S., J.M. Lorch, A.E. Ballmann, P.M. Cryan, and C.U. Meteyer. 2011. Bat white-nose syndrome in North America. Microbe 6(6):267-273.

Leopardi, S., D. Blake, and S.J. Puechmaille. 2015. White-Nose Syndrome fungus introduced from Europe to North America. Current Biology 25(6):R217-R219.

Lorch, J.M., L.K. Muller, R.E. Russell, M. O'Connor, D.L. Lindner, and D.S. Blehert. 2012. Distribution and environmental persistence of the causative agent of white-nose syndrome, Geomyces destructans, in bat hibernacula of the eastern United States. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 79(4):1293-1301.

Minnis, A.M. and D. L. Lindner. 2013. Phylogenetic evaluation of Geomyces and allies reveals no close relatives of Pseudogymnoascus destructans, comb. nov., in bat hibernacula of eastern North America. Fungal Biology 117(9):638–649.

Puechmaille, S.J., W.F. Frick, T.H. Kunz, P.A. Racey, C.C. Voigt, G. Wibbelt, and E.C. Teeling. 2011. White-nose syndrome: is this emerging disease a threat to European bats? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26(11):570-576.

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Last Modified: Jul 29, 2017
 
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