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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Whirling Disease
Microbes
  
Species Profiles

Whirling Disease

Whirling DiseaseScientific name: Myxobolus cerebralis (CABI)

Common name: Whirling disease

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Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (Hedrick et al. 1998)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in Pennsylvania in 1958 (Hedrick et al. 1998)

Means of Introduction: Probably through imported trout (Hedrick et al. 1998)

Impact: Disease of trout and salmon (Hedrick et al. 1998)

Current U.S. Distribution: Western U.S.; Northeastern U.S.

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Council or Task Force

Pest Risk Assessment for Whirling Disease (Myxobolus cerebralis) in Oregon (Feb 2009; PDF | 94 KB)
Oregon Invasive Species Council.

Partnership

GLANSIS - Salmonid Whirling Disease
DOC. NOAA. Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory; DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.

TISI Inventory - Whirling Disease
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Invasive Species Compendium - Myxobolus cerebralis
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Myxobolus cerebralis (micro-organism)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

What is Whirling Disease? (PDF | 551 KB)
North Central Regional Aquaculture Center.
See also: Fish Pathology publications for more diseases

Federal Government

Fish and Aquatic Species - Whirling Disease
DOI. NPS. Yellowstone National Park.

International Government

Aquatic Animal Diseases Significant to Australia: Identification Field Guide, 4th Edition - Whirling Disease (2012; PDF | 2.2 MB)
Australian Government. Department of Agriculture and Water Resources.
Produced by: Australian Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry
See also: Aquatic Animal Diseases Significant to Australia: Identification Field Guide, 4th Edition

Reportable Diseases - Whirling Disease
Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

State Government

Aquatic Invasive Species: Whirling Disease Risk Analysis for Arizona (Oct/Nov 2012; PDF | 274 KB)
Arizona Game and Fish Department.
See also: Aquatic Invasive Species for additional risk analyses and related species information

Whirling Disease and Colorado's Trout
Colorado Parks and Wildlife.

Aquatic Invasive Species: Whirling Disease (Apr 2005; PDF | 94 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources.
See also: Invasive Species for exotic animal and plant pests invading Indiana, causing economic and visual damage

Fisheries Service - Whirling Disease
Maryland Department of Natural Resources.

Whirling Disease: A Resource Stewardship Challenge
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Whirling Disease and Oregon's Trout and Salmon
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Whirling Disease in Utah
Utah Department of Natural Resources. Division of Wildlife Resources. Fisheries Experiment Station.

Academic

Introduced Species Summary Project - Whirling Disease
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Citations

CABI. Invasive Species Compendium. Myxobolus cerebralis. CAB International. [Accessed Apr 14, 2015].

Hedrick, R.P., M.A. Adkison, M. El-Matbouli, and E. MacConnell. 1998. Whirling disease: re-emergence among wild trout. Immunological Reviews 166(1):365-376.

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Last Modified: Sep 01, 2017
 
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