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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Fowlpox
Species Profiles



Scientific name: Avipoxvirus (Pringle 1999)

Common names: Fowlpox, avian pox, canarypox, juncopox, mynahpox, pigeonpox, psittacinepox, quailpox, sparrowpox, starlingpox, turkeypox viruses

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Selected Resources

Native To: Historically occurred worldwide (USGS 1999)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Historically present in the continental U.S.; was first discovered in Hawaii in 1902 (Lebbin et al. 2010; Loope 2010)

Means of Introduction: Probably introduced to Hawaii with imported birds and was spread by introduced mosquito species (Loope 2010)

Impact: Viral disease that infects over 60 species of birds (USGS 1999)

Current U.S. Distribution: Has occurred throughout the U.S.


Selected Resources:

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Invasive Species Compendium - Avipoxvirus
CAB International.

Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals - Fowl Pox (2016; PDF | 325 KB)
World Organisation for Animal Health.
See also: Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals for more diseases

Federal Government

Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases: General Field Procedures and Diseases of Birds - Viral Diseases: Chapter 19 - Avian Pox (1999; PDF | 848)
DOI. USGS. National Wildlife Health Center.
See also: The complete field manual (Information and Technology Report 1999-001), a revised and expanded version of the 1988 Volume 1, Field Guide to Wildlife Diseases

Disease Information - Avian Pox
DOI. USGS. National Wildlife Health Center.

International Government

Avian Pox in Alberta (Oct 2011; PDF | 1.5 MB)
Alberta Sustainable Resource Development (Canada). Fish and Wildlife.
See also: Common Wildlife Diseases & Parasites for more fact sheets

State Government

Michigan Wildlife Disease Manual - Avian Pox
Michigan Department of Natural Resources.
See the complete Wildlife Disease Manual for a list of diseases that are of significance to Michigan wildlife.

Wildlife-Related Diseases - Avian Pox
Pennsylvania Game Commission.


Avian Pox in Small Flocks (PDF | 139 KB)
University of Arkansas. Cooperative Extension Service.
See also: Hobby and Small Flock Poultry in Arkansas for more factsheets

EDIS - Prevention and Control of Fowl Pox in Backyard Chicken Flocks
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source Publication #VM65

Recognizing and Preventing Avian Pox in Small Flocks (Jan 2014; PDF | 529 KB)
University of Maryland Extension.
See also: Small Flock Production Diseases/Fact Sheets for more diseases


Merck Veterinary Manual - Fowlpox in Chickens and Turkeys
Merck & Co., Inc.

Avian Pox: A Disease That Can Affect Any Bird (PDF | 166 KB)
National Wild Turkey Federation.


Lebbin, D.J., M.J. Parr, and G.H. Fenwick. 2010. Avian malaria and pox. In: The American Bird Conservancy Guide to Bird Conservation (pp. 308-309). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Loope, L. 2010. Hawaiian Islands: Invasions. In: D. Simberloff and M. Rejmanek (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions (pp. 309-319). Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press.

Pringle, C.R. 1999. Virus taxonomy – 1999. Archives of Virology 144(2):421-429.

USGS Biological Resources Division. 1999. Avian pox (PDF | 848 KB) In: M. Friend. and J.C. Franson (Eds.), Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases: General Field Procedures and Diseases of Birds (Information and Technology Report 1999-001, pp. 163-170). Washington, D.C.: Department of the Interior.

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Last Modified: Sep 08, 2018
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