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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Dutch Elm Disease
Species Profiles

Dutch Elm Disease

Dutch elm disease - Invasive.orgScientific names: Ophiostoma ulmi (Buisman) Nannf. and Ophiostoma novo-ulmi Brasier (ITIS)

Common name: Dutch elm disease

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Selected Resources

Native To: Unknown, possibly Asia (Brasier et al. 2001)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in the U.S. during the 1930s (Olson et al.)

Means of Introduction: Introduced accidentally on diseased logs imported from Europe (Flores 2006)

Impact: Lethal fungal disease of elm trees (particularly American elms (Ulmus americana), which are more susceptible to the disease than other elm species) (Olson et al.)

Current U.S. Distribution: Has been found throughout the entire U.S. except for the desert Southwest



Selected Resources:

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Council or Task Force

Fact Sheet: Dutch Elm Disease (Dec 2016; PDF | 549 KB)
Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).
See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act


Gallery of Pests - Dutch Elm Disease
Nature Conservancy. Don't Move Firewood.

Invasive Species Compendium - Ophiostoma novo-ulmi
CAB International.
See also: Ophiostoma ulmi

Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE): Species Factsheet - Ophiostoma novo-ulmi
European Commission. Sixth Framework Programme.

Global Invasive Species Database - Ophiostoma ulmi sensu lato (fungus)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Invaders Factsheet: Dutch Elm Disease
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (Canada).

Federal Government

Forest Health Protection - Dutch Elm Disease
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry.

How to Identify and Manage Dutch Elm Disease
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry.

International Government

Forest Invasive Alien Species - Dutch Elm Disease
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service.

Dutch Elm Disease
Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development (Canada).

Tools & Resources - Dutch Elm Disease
Forestry Commission (United Kindom). Forest Research.

State Government

Plant Diseases - Dutch Elm Disease
Minnesota Department of Agriculture.

Invasives - Dutch Elm Disease
South Dakota Department of Agriculture. Division of Resource Conservation and Forestry.


Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic - Dutch Elm Disease (PDF | 333 KB)
Cornell University (New York).
See also: Clinic Factsheets for more diseases

Current Pests & Diseases: Dutch Elm Disease
Kansas State University. Kansas Forest Service.

Problem: Dutch elm disease - Ophiostoma ulmi (Jan 2016; PDF | 355 KB)
Kansas State University. Research and Extension.
See also: Common Plant Problems in Kansas for more fact sheets

Fact Sheets - Diseases: Dutch Elm Disease
University of Massachusetts Extension. Landscape, Nursery, and Urban Forestry Program.

IPM Scouting in Woody Landscape Plants - Dutch Elm Disease
Michigan State University. Integrated Pest Management Program.
See also: IPM Scouting in Woody Landscape Plants for more pests and diseases

Dutch Elm Disease in North Dakota: A New Look (Jan 2013)
North Dakota State University Agriculture and University Extension.

Dutch Elm Disease and Its Control (PDF | 1.24 MB)
Oklahoma State University. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service.
See also: Plant Diseases-Topical for more fact sheets

Pacific Northwest Plant Disease Management Handbook - Elm (Ulmus spp.) - Dutch Elm Disease
Oregon State University. Extension Service.

Utah Pests Fact Sheet - Elm Bark Beetles and Dutch Elm Disease (Sep 2011; PDF | 535 KB)
Utah State University Extension; Utah Plant Pest Diagnostic Laboratory.
See also: Landscape Ornamental Insects for more fact sheets


Plant Disease Lessons - Dutch Elm Disease
American Phytopathological Society.

Common Garden Pests and Problems - Dutch Elm Disease
Missouri Botanical Garden. William T. Kemper Center for Home Gardening. Integrated Pest Management.

Help With Diseases - Dutch Elm Disease
Morton Arboretum (Illinois).


Brasier, C. M., and K. W. Buck. 2001. Rapid evolutionary changes in a globally invading fungal pathogen. Biological Invasions 3:223-233.

Flores, A. 2006. Dutch elm disease update. Agricultural Research 54(6):18.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Ophiostoma spp. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Olson, B., S. von Broembsen, and T. Royer. Dutch Elm Disease and Its Control (PDF | 1.24 MB). Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service. EPP-7602.

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Last Modified: Aug 26, 2018
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