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Federal Laws and Regulations
Executive Orders

Provides information for executive orders related to invasive species issues. Executive orders are orders issued by United States Presidents and directed towards officers and agencies of the U.S. Federal Government. Executive orders have the full force of law, based on the authority derived from statute or the Constitution itself.

Executive Order 13751

Executive Order 13751 - Safeguarding the Nation from the Impacts of Invasive Species
Federal Register: Dec 8, 2016

Executive Order 13112 of February 3, 1999 (Invasive Species), called upon executive departments and agencies to take steps to prevent the introduction and spread of invasive species, and to support efforts to eradicate and control invasive species that are established. Executive Order 13112 also created a coordinating body -- the Invasive Species Council, also referred to as the National Invasive Species Council -- to oversee implementation of the order, encourage proactive planning and action, develop recommendations for international cooperation, and take other steps to improve the Federal response to invasive species. Past efforts at preventing, eradicating, and controlling invasive species demonstrated that collaboration across Federal, State, local, tribal, and territorial government; stakeholders; and the private sector is critical to minimizing the spread of invasive species and that coordinated action is necessary to protect the assets and security of the United States.

This order signed by President Barack Obama amends Executive Order 13112 and directs actions to continue coordinated Federal prevention and control efforts related to invasive species. This order maintains the National Invasive Species Council (Council) and the Invasive Species Advisory Committee; expands the membership of the Council; clarifies the operations of the Council; incorporates considerations of human and environmental health, climate change, technological innovation, and other emerging priorities into Federal efforts to address invasive species; and strengthens coordinated, cost-efficient Federal action.

Executive Order 13112 - Invasive Species

On Feb 3, 1999, Executive Order 13112 was signed by President Clinton establishing the National Invasive Species Council (NISC). The Executive Order requires that a Council of Departments dealing with invasive species be created.
See also: NISC Member Departments and Agencies for more information.

Executive Order 13312 revokes the preceding Executive Order 11987 of May 24, 1977.

Executive Order 11987 - Exotic Organisms

Signed on May 24, 1977 by President Jimmy Carter, Executive Order 11987 requires Federal agencies, to the extent permitted by law, to: restrict the introduction of exotic species into the natural ecosystems on lands and waters owned or leased by the United States; encourage States, local governments, and private citizens to prevent the introduction of exotic species into natural ecosystems of the U.S.; restrict the importation and introduction of exotic species into any natural U.S. ecosystems as a result of activities they undertake, fund, or authorize; and restrict the use of Federal funds, programs, or authorities to export native species for introduction into ecosystems outside the U.S. where they do not occur naturally.

The Secretaries of Agriculture and Interior authorized to allow the importation of exotics and the export of native species if natural ecosystems will not be adversely affected. The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture and the heads of other agencies, is to develop and implement regulations pursuant to the Executive Order.

Executive Orders - Resources

NISC and NISC Secretariat Products
National Invasive Species Council.
Provides reports, plans, and strategies produced by NISC and the NISC Secretariat. Includes the following relevant executive order resources:

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Last Modified: Apr 10, 2018
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