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Economic Impacts
National Impacts

Provides general resources for the national economic impacts of invasive species. See other sections for species specific information:


Council or Task Force

Invasive Species Impacts on Infrastructure (2016)
National Invasive Species Council.

Federal Government

Impacts of Introduced Species in the United States (1996)
United States Global Change Research Information Office.
Daniel Simberloff, CONSEQUENCES: Volume 2, Number 2

Invasive Non-native Species: Background and Issues for Congress (Nov 25, 2002; PDF | 391 KB)
Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
CRS Report RL30123
See also: Earlier Version -- Harmful Non-native Species: Issues for Congress (Apr 8, 1999)

Invasive Species: Federal and Selected State Funding to Address Harmful, Nonnative Species (Aug 24, 2000)
U.S. Government Accountability Office.
Report to Congressional Committees; RCED-00-219.
Note: See other GAO reports related to invasive species

Program of Research on the Economics of Invasive Species Management (PREISM)
USDA. Economic Research Service.
Note: Webarchive

Program of Research on the Economics of Invasive Species Management: Fiscal 2003-2011 Activities (May 2011)
USDA. Economic Research Service.Administrative Publication No. AP-056.
This report details the objectives and activities of PREISM and reports important accomplishments for fiscal years 2003-2011. Included are descriptions of the extramural research program and all funded projects, and a list of project outputs.


Economic Issues of Invasive Pests and Diseases and Food Safety (Dec 2002; PDF | 222 KB)
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Economics of Detection and Control of Invasive Species: Workshop Highlights (Sep 2004)
North Dakota State University. Center for Agricultural Policy and Trade Studies.
Workshop held Apr 30, 2004

Alien Animals, Plants and Microbes Cost U.S. $123 Billion a Year, Cornell Ecologists Report (Jan 24, 1999)
Cornell University. Agriculture and Life Sciences.
David Pimentel, Lori Lach, Rodolfo Zuniga, and Doug Morrison


Biological Invasions: A Growing Threat (Summer 1997)
Issues in Science and Technology.
Don C. Schmitz and Daniel Simberloff

Costly Interlopers: Introduced species of animals, plants and microbes cost the U.S. $123 billion a year (Feb 15, 1999)
Scientific American.

Economic and environmental threats of alien plant, animal, and microbe invasions (2001) (USDA access through DigiTop)
David Pimentel, S. McNair, J. Janecka, J. Wightman, C. Simmonds, C. O’Connell, E. Wong, L. Russel, J. Zern, T. Aquino, T. Tsomondo
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 84 (2001) 1–20.

Economic Dimensions of Invasive Species (Jun 2003)
Choices Magazine.

Economics of Biological Invasions (2001)
Land Use and Water Resources Research.

Invasive Exotic Animals Costing U.S. Billions of Dollars (Feb 2, 2010)
Mother Nature Network.
The Washington Post reports (Tough choices follow in wake of invasive species - Jan 21, 2010) that invasive exotic species such as, Asian carps, cause environmental losses and damages of nearly $120 billion a year.

Invasive Species: More Aggressive Import Screening is Cost-effective, Says Study (Dec 21, 2006; PDF | 524 KB)
Environment and Energy Publishing. Land Letter: The Natural Resources Weekly Report.

Keller, Reuben P., David M. Lodge, and David C. Finnoff. 2007. Risk assessment for invasive species produces net bioeconomic benefits. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(1):203-207. (Abstract) (USDA access through DigiTop)

Paying for Protection from Invasive Species (Fall 2002)
Issues in Science and Technology.
International Center for Technology Assessment. Peter T. Jenkins.

The Economics of Terrestrial Invasive Species: A Review of the Literature (Apr 2006)
Agricultural and Resource Economics Review.

Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States (2005)
Ecological Economics.
David Pimentel, Rodolfo Zuniga, and Doug Morrison. 52:273-88.

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Last Modified: Jan 27, 2018
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