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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Zebra Mussel
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Species Profiles

Zebra Mussel

Zebra MusselScientific name: Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) (ITIS)

Common name: Zebra mussel

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Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (NAS Database)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1988 (NAS Database)

Means of Introduction: Ballast water (NAS Database)

Impact: Competes with native species; clogs pipes (NAS Database)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Federally Regulated:

  • Injurious Wildlife
    DOI. FWS. Fish and Aquatic Conservation.
    Includes species listed as injurious wildlife under the Federal Lacey Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import, export, or transport between States without a permit.

Images:

Videos:

Selected Resources:

Council or Task Force

Species of Concern Fact Sheet: Zebra and Quagga Mussels
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.

Fact Sheet: Zebra Mussel | Quagga Mussel (Jan 2014; PDF | 500 KB)
Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).
See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act

Partnership

Zebra/Quagga Mussels
100th Meridian Initiative.

Zebra Mussel
Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species Panel
.

Texas Invasives Database - Dreissena polymorpha
TexasInvasives.org.

Invasive Species Compendium - Dreissena polymorpha
CAB International.

Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE): Species Factsheet - Dreissena polymorpha
European Commission. Sixth Framework Programme.

Non-native Species Information: Zebra Mussel
Great Britain Non-Native Species Secretariat.

NOBANIS: Invasive Alien Species Fact Sheet - Dreissena polymorpha (2011; PDF | 217 KB)
European Network on Invasive Alien Species.
See also: NOBANIS Fact Sheets for invasive alien species of the European region, covering both animals and plants, as well as microorganisms

Global Invasive Species Database - Dreissena polymorpha (mollusc)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Invaders Factsheet: Zebra and Quagga Mussel
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (Canada).

Federal Government

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database: Fact Sheet - Zebra Musse
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).
See also: Zebra and Quagga Mussel Information Resource Page

State Government

Quagga and Zebra Mussels
California Department of Fish and Game.

Zebra Mussel Watch Program
California Department of Water Resources. Environmental Services.

Aquatic Invasive Species: Zebra Mussel (Dec 2005; PDF | 297 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources.
See also: Invasive Species for exotic animal and plant pests invading Indiana, causing economic and visual damage

Zebra Mussel Fact Sheet (PDF | 90 KB)
Iowa Department of Natural Resources.

Zebra Mussels
Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks.

Maryland Invasive and Exotic Species - Zebra Mussels
Maryland Department of Natural Resources.

Zebra Mussel
Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation.

Field Guide: Invasive - Zebra Mussel
Missouri Department of Conservation.
See also: Zebra Mussel Control

Zebra Mussels - Environmental Fact Sheet (PDF | 87 KB)
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.

Preventing Freshwater Aquatic Invasive Species: Zebra Mussel (Jan 2013; PDF | 978 KB)
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. Office of Water Resources.

Zebra Mussel Information
South Carolina Department of Natural Resources. Aquatic Nuisance Species Program.

Invasive Mussels: Threats and Prevention Efforts in Utah
Utah Wildlife Division of Wildlife Resources.

Zebra Mussels
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.

Zebra Mussel
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
See also: Scientific review and assessment (PDF | 106 KB)

Alien Profile: The Zebra Mussel
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Academic

Quagga (Dreissena rostriformis bugensis) and Zebra (Dreissena polymorpha) mussels
University of California - Riverside. Center for Invasive Species Research.

Aquatic Invasive Species in the Chesapeake Bay - Zebra Mussels (Sep 2013; PDF | 127 KB)
Maryland Sea Grant.

Zebra Mussel
Minnesota Sea Grant.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Zebra Mussel
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Zebra/Quagga Mussel
Paul Smith's College (New York). Adirondack Watershed Institute.

Fact Sheet: Zebra Mussel and Quagga Mussel (PDF | 267 KB)
Pennsylvania State University. Pennsylvania Sea Grant.

Zebra Mussels Pose a Threat to Virginia's Waters
Virginia Cooperative Extension.

Invasive Species Fact Sheets - Zebra Mussel
University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute.
See also: Zebra Mussel Watch

Citations

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Dreissena polymorpha. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Fact Sheet - Zebra Mussel. USGS, Gainesville, FL. [Accessed Sep 16, 2014].

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Last Modified: Oct 28, 2016
 
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