Random invasive species images that represents what NISIC does
USDA.gov NAL NISIC Sudden oak death Formosan subterranean termite Yellow star thistle Giant African snail Cactus moth Purple loosestrife
HomeAbout National Invasive Species Information Center (NISIC)News and EventscouncilHelpContact Us
 Search the National Invasive Species Information Center
Search all USDA
Advanced Search
Browse by Geography
United States
Browse by Subject
Aquatic Species
Economic Impacts
Laws and Regulations
Manager's Tool Kit
Resource Library
Aquatic Species
Species Profiles

Water Spinach

Water SpinachScientific name: Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (ITIS)

Common names: Water spinach, swamp morning glory, swamp morningglory

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Asia (Lee 1998)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1970s (Langeland et al. 2008)

Means of Introduction: Horticultural escape (Lee 1998)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Lee 1998)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Federally Regulated:

  • Noxious Weeds Program
    USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.
    Includes species listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit.



Selected Resources:


Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S. - Fact Sheet: Ipomoea aquatica
USDA. APHIS. PPQ. Center for Plant Health Science and Technology; California Department of Food and Agriculture.

Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) - Ipomoea aquatica
USDA. FS. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Swamp Morning Glory
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Texas Invasives Database - Ipomoea aquatica

Invasive Species Compendium - Ipomoea aquatica
CAB International.

Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Swamp Morning-glory (Ipomoea aquatica)
CABI. Plantwise Knowledge Bank.

Global Invasive Species Database - Ipomoea aquatica (vine, climber)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

U.S. National Plant Germplasm System - Ipomoea aquatica
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

PLANTS Database - Swamp Morning-Glory
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

State Government

Weed Alerts: Water-spinach
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.

Water Spinach
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Plant Profile: Ipomoea aquatica
University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.


Plant Finder: Ipomoea aquatica
Missouri Botanical Garden.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Ipomoea aquatica. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Langeland, K.A., and H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.A. Craddock Burks. 2008. Ipomoea aquatica (PDF | 70 KB) In: Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas (2nd ed., p.67). Gainesville: University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Lee, J. 1998. Handle this spinach with care. Agricultural Research 46(6): 26.

Back to Top
Last Modified: Aug 25, 2018
Bookmark and Share
I Want To
    Read Recent News Articles
    Find Management Plans
    Locate Images
    Find Experts

More ...

Aquatic Species
    Species Profiles
    Discussion Groups
    Economic Impacts
    Educational Resources
    Image Galleries
    Frequently Asked Questions
    What You Can Do
Media Help
 To view PDF files, you must have Adobe® Acrobat® installed on your computer.

To view multimedia files, you must have Adobe® Flash® installed on your computer.

 NISIC Home | NAL Home | USDA | AgNIC | Agricultural Research Service | Web Policies and Important Links | Site Map
FOIA | Accessibility Statement| Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement | Information Quality | USA.gov | White House