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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / White Spotted Jellyfish
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White Spotted Jellyfish

Australian spotted jellyfishScientific name: Phyllorhiza punctata von Lendenfeld 1884 (ITIS)

Common names: White spotted jellyfish, Australian spotted jellyfish

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Selected Resources

Native To: Australia and the Philippines (Graham et al. 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in 1981 in California (Carlton and Geller 1993)

Means of Introduction: Probably entered from the Pacific Ocean through the Panama Canal on the hulls of ships (Graham et al. 2003)

Impact: Preys on native species; negatively impacts shrimp industry by clogging nets and damaging fishing equipment (Ocaņa-Luna et al. 2010)

Current U.S. Distribution: Southeastern U.S. coastal region


Selected Resources:


The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Australian Spotted Jellyfish
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

TISI Inventory - Australian Spotted Jellyfish
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Invasive Species Compendium - Phyllorhiza punctata
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Phyllorhiza punctata (jellyfish)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

White-spotted jellyfish - Introduced Marine Species of Hawai'i
Bishop Museum. Hawaii Biological Survey; University of Hawaii.

Federal Government

Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory - Phyllorhiza punctata
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.

National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS) - Phyllorhiza punctata
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.




Carlton, J.T. and J.B. Geller. 1993. Ecological roulette: the global transport of nonindigenous marine organisms. Science 261:78-82.

Graham, W.M., D.L. Martin, D.L. Felder, V.L. Asper, and H.M. Perry. 2003. Ecological and economic implications of a tropical jellyfish invader in the Gulf of Mexico. Biological Invasions 5:53-69.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Phyllorhiza punctata. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Ocaña-Luna, A., M. Sánchez-Ramírez, and R. Aguilar-Durán. 2010. First record of Phyllorhiza punctata von Lendenfeld, 1884 (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa, Mastigiidae) in Mexico. Aquatic Invasions 5(suppl. 1):S79-S84.

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Last Modified: Jul 21, 2018
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