Random invasive species images that represents what NISIC does
USDA.gov NAL NISIC Sudden oak death Formosan subterranean termite Yellow star thistle Giant African snail Cactus moth Purple loosestrife
HomeAbout National Invasive Species Information Center (NISIC)News and EventscouncilHelpContact Us
 Search the National Invasive Species Information Center
Search all USDA
Advanced Search
Search Tips
Browse by Geography
United States
Browse by Subject
Aquatic Species
Economic Impacts
Laws and Regulations
Manager's Tool Kit
Resource Library
You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Publications / General Publications and Reports
Aquatic Species

General Publications and Reports

Provides a list of reports, papers, and other online publications dealing with invasive aquatic species. See Resource Library - General Publications and Reports for general resources and other species.

Aquatic Species

Federal Government

Publication Resources

An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century: Final Report of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy
United States Commission on Ocean Policy.
Report released Sep 20, 2004

Aquatic Nuisance Species in Ballast Water Discharges: Issues and Options (Sep 10, 2001; PDF | 663 KB)
EPA. Office of Wetlands, Oceans, and Watersheds. Office of Wastewater Management.
Draft report for public comment.

Aquatic Nuisance Species Program (Jul 1994; PDF | 667 KB)
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.

Ballast Water Management to Combat Invasive Species (Updated Jun 20, 2007; PDF | 111 KB)
National Council for Science and the Environment. National Library for the Environment.
Congressional Research Service Report RL32344.

Biological Study, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in a United States Estuary: A Case Study of the Biological Invasions of the San Francisco Bay and Delta (Dec 1995)
Department of Transportation.
Andrew N. Cohen, Energy and Resources Group, University of California at Berkeley; James T. Carlton, Maritime Studies Program, Williams College.

Current State of Understanding about the Effectiveness of Ballast Water Exchange (BWE) in Reducing Aquatic Nonindigenous Species (ANS) Introductions to the Great Lakes Basin and Chesapeake Bay, USA: Synthesis and Analysis of Existing Information (Sep 2007; PDF | 4.5 MB)
U.S. Government Printing Office. Federal Depository Library Program Electronic Collection Archive.
Compiled and Edited by Gregory Ruiz and David Reid, NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-142.

Denied Petition Related to Ballast Water - Decision on Petition for Rulemaking to Repeal 40 C.F.R. 122.3(a) (Sep 3, 2003; PDF | 3.51 MB) (includes entire document with attachments)
Environmental Protection Agency.
EPA has denied a petition submitted by a number of environmental groups and other interested parties that sought to repeal provisions of EPA's regulations that cover certain discharges from vessels, including the discharge of ballast water.

Climate Change on Aquatic Invasive Species and Implications (Final Report; Feb 2008)
Environmental Protection Agency.
This report reviews available literature on climate change effects on aquatic invasive species (AIS) and examines state level AIS management activities.

Field Guide to the Nonindigenous Marine Fishes of Florida (Sep 2009); Detection, tracking, and removal of non-native marine fishes in Florida
DOI. USGS. Publications Warehouse.
NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 92, published in partnership with the NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science.
This field guide provides species accounts for non-native fishes sighted in estuarine and marine waters of Florida, serving as a "watch list" of invaders that could potentially become established. Most of these are thought to be aquarium fishes that either were illegally released into the ocean or escaped captivity.

Great Lakes: An Overall Strategy and Indicators for Measuring Progress Are Needed to Better Achieve Restoration Goals (Apr 30, 2003)
U.S. Government Accountability Office.
Note: See other GAO reports related to invasive species

Invasive Animal Species in Marine and Estuarine Environments: Biology and Ecology (Jan 2005; PDF | 1.58 MB)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center.

Invasive Species: Progress and Challenges in Preventing Introduction into U.S. Waters Via the Ballast Water in Ships (Sep 9, 2005)
U.S. Government Accountability Office.

Back to Top

NOBOB-A: Assessment of Transoceanic NOBOB Vessels and Low-Salinity Ballast Water as Vectors for Non-indigenous Species Introductions to the Great Lakes (Apr 2005)
DOC. NOAA. Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory; University of Michigan.
The Great Lakes NOBOB (no pumpable ballast-on-board) Assessment and Ballast Water Exchange Study was a $1.9M three-year research effort involving collaboration among six institutions and conducted by a U.S.-Canadian team of scientists.

NOBOB-B: Identifying, Verifying, and Establishing Options for Best Management Practices for NOBOB Vessels (Jun 2007; PDF | 558 KB)
DOC. NOAA. Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory.
This project addresses the use of best ballast management practices as a framework for reducing the threat of species introductions via NOBOB (no pumpable ballast-on-board) vessels.

Noxious, Invasive, and Alien Plant Species: A Challenge in Wetland Restoration & Enhancement (Mar 2007; PDF | 6 MB)
USDA. NRCS. Wetland Science Institute.
Technical Note No. 190–72

Predicting Future Introductions of Nonindigenous Species to the Great Lakes (Final Report, 2008)
Environmental Protection Agency. EPA/600/R-08/066F.
This report predicts the spread of aquatic nonindigenous species into the Great Lakes to help resource managers focus monitoring activities on particular species at the most vulnerable U.S. Great Lakes ports. The report also demonstrates the use of a habitat suitability model and ballast water discharge data to predict invasion potential.

Report to Congress on the Voluntary National Guidelines for Ballast Water Management (Nov 2001; PDF | 2.5 MB)
American Association of Port Authorities.
The U.S. Coast Guard released their report to congress, recommending a nation wide mandatory ballast water exchange program. The report outlines the recommended changes in the program and includes a projected timeline for the proposed changes.

Reports Mandated by Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Amendments Act of 2004 (HABHRCA)
DOC. NOAA. Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research.
All U.S. coastal states have experienced HABs over the last decade, and new species have emerged in some locations that were not previously known to have problems. HABs occur naturally, but human activities that disturb ecosystems in the form of increased nutrient loadings and pollution, food web alterations, introduced species, and water flow modifications have been linked to the increased occurrence of some HABs.

Shipping Study: The Role of Shipping in the Introduction of Nonindigenous Aquatic Organisms to the Coastal Waters of the United States (other than the Great Lakes) and an Analysis of Control Options - Final Report (Apr 1995; PDF | 21.3 MB)
Department of Transportation.

Standards for Living Organisms in Ship's Ballast Water Discharged in U.S. Water (Apr 4, 2012)
U.S. Government Accountability Office.

Summary Report of Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Region 5 (Feb 29, 2004; PDF | 4.6 MB)
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Includes information on identification, habitat, life history, native ranges, nonindigenous ranges, and impacts for 114 species of plants, fishes, mollusks, crustaceans, amphibians and reptiles.
Prepared by: Amy J. Benson, Colette C. Jacono, Pam L. Fuller and Elizabeth R. McKercher of U.S. Geological Survey and Myriah M. Richerson of Johnson Controls World Services, Inc.
Prepared for: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Summary Report of Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Region 4 (Mar 2001; PDF | 2.5 MB)
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Prepared by: Amy J. Benson, Pam L. Fuller and Colette C. Jacono, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Florida Caribbean Science Center
Prepared for: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

National Ballast Survey (NABS) Reports
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.

State Government


Marine Invasive Species Program - Reports and Presentations
California State Lands Commission. Marine Facilities Division.

Analysis of Laws & Policies Concerning Exotic Invasions of the Great Lakes (Mar 15, 1999)
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Office of Great Lakes.

Managing Coastal Aquatic Invasive Species in California: Existing Policies and Policy Gaps (Jan 2011; PDF | 1.5 MB)
California State Library. California Research Bureau. CRB-11-001.
This nonpartisan report has been drafted in response to a request from the Senate Natural Resources and Water Committee, based on concerns that California lacks a robust framework that can guide policy, regulatory and fiscal decisions in response to coastal aquatic invasive species. This report features relevant background information, as well as a policy framework for analyzing the challenges and opportunities of coastal aquatic invasive species in California. The report focuses on opportunities for improvement over six general policy categories (Authority, Prevention, Research, Control, Implementation, and Coordination) and addresses the vectors, or pathways, through which invasive species are introduced.

State of the Great Lakes: 2001 Annual Report (PDF | 27.8 MB)
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Office of the Great Lakes.
Report discusses many aspects of Great Lakes water quality focusing on aquatic nuisance species control, ballast water management and the environmental and economic impacts of Annex 2001.



Aquatic Invasive Species: A Handbook for Education Efforts (2005; PDF | 3.9 MB)
University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute; University of Wisconsin Extension; Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Managing Hull-Borne Invasive Species and Coastal Water Quality for California and Baja California Boats Kept in Saltwater (PDF | 4.7 MB)
California Sea Grant.

Preventing Aquatic Species Invasions in the Mid-Atlantic: Outcome-Based Actions in Vector Management - Aquatic Invasive Species in the Mid-Atlantic Vector Workshop Findings (2010; PDF | 3.3 MB)
Maryland Sea Grant.
Conference held Dec 2, 2009 in Baltimore, Maryland.



  • GloBallast Publications
    GloBallast Partnerships Programme.
    Includes GloBallast Monograph Series, and other publications such as the Ballast Water Treatment R&D Directory and the reports of the Global Task Force meetings.

Aquatic Invasive Species: Uninvited Guests (May 2003; PDF | 2.7 MB)
Parliament of Canada. House of Commons.
Report of the Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans.

From Ocean to Aquarium: The Global Trade in Marine Ornamental Species (Oct 2003; PDF | 1.1 MB)
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
Published by: Colette Wabnitz, Michelle Taylor, Edmund Green, and Tries Razak.

Linkages Between Development Assistance and Invasive Alien Species in Freshwater Systems in Southeast Asia (Mar 2005; PDF | 414 KB)
Oregon State University. Aquaculture Collaborative Research Support Program.
A Report & Resource Guide for the U.S. Agency for International Development.

National Priority Pests. Part II: Ranking of Australian Marine Pests (Feb 2005)
Australian Government. Department of the Environment and Energy.


2007 Summary of the Great Lakes Ballast Water Management Report (May 2008; PDF | 369 KB)
Great Lakes Ballast Water Working Group.
This report summarizes efforts to coordinate bi-national enforcement and compliance efforts to reduce the likelihood of introduction of aquatic invasive species via ballast water.

America's Living Oceans: Charting a Course for Sea Change (May 2003)
Pew Ocean Commission.

Assessing the Global Threat of Invasive Species to Marine Biodiversity (2008)
Nature Conservancy. ConserveOnline.
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2008; 6(9): 485-492.
A global review of marine invasive species; where they are, how they are being introduced, and which ones are most harmful.

Closing the Pathways of Aquatic Invasive Species Across North America: Overview and Resource Guide (2003; PDF | 298 KB)
Commission for Environmental Cooperation.

The Exotics Guide: Non-native Marine Species of the North American Pacific Coast (Revised Sep 2011)
San Francisco Estuary Institute; Center for Research on Aquatic Bioinvasions.

Introduced Species in U.S. Coastal Waters: Environmental Impacts and Management Priorities (2001; PDF | 1.6 MB)
Virginia Institute of Marine Science. Aquaculture Genetics and Breeding Technology Center.
Prepared for the Pew Oceans Commission by James T. Carlton, Williams College and Mystic Seaport.

Out of Place - How aquatic exotic species alter Wisconsin waterways (Jun 2001)
Wisconsin Natural Resources Magazine.

Research and Management Priorities for Aquatic Invasive Species in the Great Lakes (2002)
International Association for Great Lakes Research.

Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ship's Ballast Water (1996)
National Research Council. National Academy of Sciences.
Committee on Ships' Ballast Operations, Marine Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems.

Strengthening the Connection Between Great Lakes Science and Policy: Final Report of the Great Lakes Science-Policy Initiative (Jan 22, 2003)
International Association for Great Lakes Research.

Trinational Risk Assessment Guidelines for Aquatic Alien Invasive Species
Commission for Environmental Cooperation.
This report was developed in cooperation with experts from Canada, Mexico and the United States. These guidelines will be used as a tool for North American resource managers to assess the risk of introducing nonnative species into a natural ecosystem.

U.S. Maritime Industry National Town Meeting Webcast - Ballast Water and Other Vessel Discharges: The New American Frontier (Nov 20, 2007 - 2:30 - 4:00 p.m. ET)
Recorded live from the Media Conference Facility of K&L Gates, Washington D.C.
This web cast provides a good overview and update on the issue of regulating ballast water and other discharges from ships and legislation (S. 1578, the Ballast Water Management Act, and H.R. 2830, the Coast Guard Reauthorization Bill) before congress on this topic.

Back to Top

Aquatic Plants

Federal Government

A Survey of the Invasive Aquatic and Riparian Plants of the Lower Rio Grande (Apr 2005; PDF | 1.42 MB)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory. Aquatic Plant Control Research Program.

Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States (Aug 2002)
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.

Melaleuca Publications
University of Florida. IFAS. TAME Melaleuca.
TAME Melaleuca (collaborative effort between U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service and University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, South Florida Water Management District, and others)

Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.

State Government




Invasive Aquatic Plants (PDF | 468 KB)
Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant.

Maine's Interactive Field Guide to Aquatic Invaders and Their Native Look Alikes
Maine Volunteer Lake Monitoring Program.
An online resource for Maine's common native and invasive aquatic plants and animals.
See also: Invasive Aquatic Species Resources

Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.

Back to Top
Aquatic Animals

Federal Government

Asian Carps of the Genus Hypophthalmichthys (Pisces, Cyprinidae) - A Biological Synopsis and Environmental Risk Assessment (Apr 12, 2005; PDF | 2.81 MB)
DOI. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Report is a deliverable from the U.S. Geological Survey to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service per Interagency Agreement 94400-3-0128. The report was used as background information in the evaluation of carp added to the list of injurious wildlife under the Lacey Act.

Snakeheads (Pisces, Channidae) - A Biological Synopsis and Risk Assessment (Mar 2004)
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1251; Researched and funded by the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

State Government


Study Details Illinois' Asian Carp Issue, Solutions (Apr 20, 2012)
Southern Illinois University Carbondale. The Saluki Times.
Asian carp, that large, invasive fish known for leaping out of a river into boats when startled, now make up more than 60 percent of the total fish biomass in one of Illinois' major river systems, a research team led by Southern Illinois University Carbondale has found. But the team members’ advice for controlling the species goes something like this "If you can't beat 'em, eat 'em." Asian carp are by far the world’s most cultured fish because they are a healthful source of protein and perhaps omega-3 fatty acids. Thus, unlike so many nuisance or invasive species, these problematic fishes in the U.S. have one positive aspect: they can be converted to desirable food for both human and nonhuman consumption. See Fishing Down the Bighead and Silver Carps: Reducing the Risk of Invasion to the Great Lakes: Research Summary (Mar 2012; PDF | 351 KB).



Great Lakes Shipping, Trade, and Aquatic Invasive Species (2008)
National Academy of Sciences. National Research Council.
Transportation Research Board Special Report 291.

Non-native Oysters in the Chesapeake Bay (2003)
National Academy of Sciences. National Research Council.

The Role of Aquatic Invasive Species in State Listing of Impaired Waters and the TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Loads) Program: Seven Case Studies (May 2008)
Environmental Law Institute.
This report examines how seven states representing a range of geography, number of aquatic invasive species, water quality standards, 303(d) listings for invasive species, and aquatic invasive species management programs have addressed the effects of aquatic invasive species on the waters of their respective states through the federal Clean Water Act.

Back to Top
Last Modified: Sep 16, 2017
Bookmark and Share
Aquatic Species
     Species Profiles
     Discussion Groups
     Economic Impacts
     Educational Resources
     Frequently Asked Questions
     Image Galleries
     CD/DVD Products
     Fact Sheets
      General Publications and Reports
     Scientific Journal Articles
     What You Can Do
Media Help
 To view PDF files, you must have Adobe® Acrobat® installed on your computer.

To view multimedia files, you must have Adobe® Flash® installed on your computer.

 NISIC Home | NAL Home | USDA | AgNIC | Agricultural Research Service | Web Policies and Important Links | Site Map
FOIA | Accessibility Statement| Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement | Information Quality | USA.gov | White House