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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Publications / General Publications and Reports
Aquatic Species

General Publications and Reports

Provides a list of reports, papers, and other online publications dealing with invasive aquatic species. See Resource Library - General Publications and Reports for general resources and other species.

Aquatic Species

Council or Task Force


  • Documents
    Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.
    Includes organizational documents, Reports to Congress, Management and Control Plans, Other Documents, and Outreach Materials.



  • GloBallast Publications
    GloBallast Partnerships Programme.
    Includes GloBallast Monograph Series, and other publications such as the Ballast Water Treatment R&D Directory and the reports of the Global Task Force meetings.

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in a United States Estuary: A Case Study of the Biological Invasions of the San Francisco Bay and Delta (Dec 1995)
DOI. Fish and Wildlife Service; Connecticut Sea Grant.
Andrew N. Cohen, Energy and Resources Group, University of California at Berkeley; James T. Carlton, Maritime Studies Program, Williams College.

From Ocean to Aquarium: The Global Trade in Marine Ornamental Species (Oct 2003)
United Nations Environment Programme. World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
Published by: Colette Wabnitz, Michelle Taylor, Edmund Green, and Tries Razak.

Linkages Between Development Assistance and Invasive Alien Species in Freshwater Systems in Southeast Asia (Mar 2005; PDF | 414 KB)
U.S. Agency for International Development; Global Invasive Species Programme; Smithsonian Institution.
A Report & Resource Guide for the U.S. Agency for International Development.

Closing the Pathways of Aquatic Invasive Species Across North America: Overview and Resource Guide (2003)
Commission for Environmental Cooperation.

The Exotics Guide: Non-native Marine Species of the North American Pacific Coast (Revised Sep 2011)
San Francisco Estuary Institute; Center for Research on Aquatic Bioinvasions.

Federal Government

An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century: Final Report of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy
United States Commission on Ocean Policy.
Report released Sep 20, 2004

Ballast Water Management to Combat Invasive Species (Apr 10, 2012; PDF | 262 KB)
Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Congressional Research Service Report RL32344.

Current State of Understanding about the Effectiveness of Ballast Water Exchange (BWE) in Reducing Aquatic Nonindigenous Species (ANS) Introductions to the Great Lakes Basin and Chesapeake Bay, USA: Synthesis and Analysis of Existing Information (Sep 2007; PDF | 4.5 MB)
DOC. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Compiled and Edited by Gregory Ruiz and David Reid, NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-142.

Field Guide to the Nonindigenous Marine Fishes of Florida (Sep 2009)
DOC. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 92, published in partnership with the NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science.
This field guide provides species accounts for non-native fishes sighted in estuarine and marine waters of Florida, serving as a "watch list" of invaders that could potentially become established. Most of these are thought to be aquarium fishes that either were illegally released into the ocean or escaped captivity.

Great Lakes: An Overall Strategy and Indicators for Measuring Progress Are Needed to Better Achieve Restoration Goals (Apr 30, 2003)
U.S. Government Accountability Office.
Note: See other GAO reports related to invasive species

Invasive Species: Progress and Challenges in Preventing Introduction into U.S. Waters Via the Ballast Water in Ships (Sep 9, 2005)
U.S. Government Accountability Office.
Note: See other GAO reports related to invasive species

Standards for Living Organisms in Ship's Ballast Water Discharged in U.S. Water (Apr 4, 2012)
U.S. Government Accountability Office.
Note: See other GAO reports related to invasive species

Aquatic Invasive Species: Additional Steps Could Help Measure Federal Progress in Achieving Strategic Goals (Nov 30, 2015)
U.S. Government Accountability Office.
Note: See other GAO reports related to invasive species

Invasive Animal Species in Marine and Estuarine Environments: Biology and Ecology (Jan 2005; PDF | 1.58 MB)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center.
See also: Environmental Laboratory Technical Reports for more publications

Incidence and Management Costs of Freshwater Aquatic Nuisance Species at Projects Operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Jul 2010; PDF | 940 KB)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center.
See also: Environmental Laboratory Technical Reports for more publications

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NOBOB-A: Assessment of Transoceanic NOBOB Vessels and Low-Salinity Ballast Water as Vectors for Non-indigenous Species Introductions to the Great Lakes (Apr 2005)
DOC. NOAA. Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory.
The Great Lakes NOBOB (no pumpable ballast-on-board) Assessment and Ballast Water Exchange Study was a $1.9M three-year research effort involving collaboration among six institutions and conducted by a U.S.-Canadian team of scientists.

NOBOB-B: Identifying, Verifying, and Establishing Options for Best Management Practices for NOBOB Vessels (Jun 2007; PDF | 2.26 MB)
DOC. NOAA. Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory.
This project addresses the use of best ballast management practices as a framework for reducing the threat of species introductions via NOBOB (no pumpable ballast-on-board) vessels.

Noxious, Invasive, and Alien Plant Species: A Challenge in Wetland Restoration & Enhancement (Mar 2007; PDF | 6 MB)
USDA. NRCS. Wetland Science Institute.
Technical Note No. 190–72

Aquatic Nuisance Species in Ballast Water Discharges: Issues and Options (Sep 10, 2001; PDF | 663 KB)
EPA. Office of Wetlands, Oceans, and Watersheds. Office of Wastewater Management.
Draft report for public comment.

Denied Petition Related to Ballast Water - Decision on Petition for Rulemaking to Repeal 40 C.F.R. 122.3(a) (Sep 3, 2003; PDF | 3.51 MB)
Environmental Protection Agency.
EPA has denied a petition submitted by a number of environmental groups and other interested parties that sought to repeal provisions of EPA's regulations that cover certain discharges from vessels, including the discharge of ballast water.

Climate Change on Aquatic Invasive Species and Implications - Final Report (Feb 2008)
Environmental Protection Agency.
This report reviews available literature on climate change effects on aquatic invasive species (AIS) and examines state level AIS management activities.

Predicting Future Introductions of Nonindigenous Species to the Great Lakes (2008)
Environmental Protection Agency.
This report predicts the spread of aquatic nonindigenous species into the Great Lakes to help resource managers focus monitoring activities on particular species at the most vulnerable U.S. Great Lakes ports. The report also demonstrates the use of a habitat suitability model and ballast water discharge data to predict invasion potential.

Report to Congress on the Voluntary National Guidelines for Ballast Water Management (Nov 2001; PDF | 2.5 MB)
DHS. U.S. Coast Guard.
The U.S. Coast Guard released their report to congress, recommending a nation wide mandatory ballast water exchange program. The report outlines the recommended changes in the program and includes a projected timeline for the proposed changes.

Reports Mandated by Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Amendments Act of 2004 (HABHRCA)
DOC. NOAA. Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research.
All U.S. coastal states have experienced HABs over the last decade, and new species have emerged in some locations that were not previously known to have problems. HABs occur naturally, but human activities that disturb ecosystems in the form of increased nutrient loadings and pollution, food web alterations, introduced species, and water flow modifications have been linked to the increased occurrence of some HABs.

Shipping Study: The Role of Shipping in the Introduction of Nonindigenous Aquatic Organisms to the Coastal Waters of the United States (other than the Great Lakes) and an Analysis of Control Options - Final Report (Apr 1995; PDF | 21.3 MB)
Department of Transportation.

Summary Report of Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Region 5 (Feb 29, 2004; PDF | 4.6 MB)
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Includes information on identification, habitat, life history, native ranges, nonindigenous ranges, and impacts for 114 species of plants, fishes, mollusks, crustaceans, amphibians and reptiles.
Prepared by: Amy J. Benson, Colette C. Jacono, Pam L. Fuller and Elizabeth R. McKercher of U.S. Geological Survey and Myriah M. Richerson of Johnson Controls World Services, Inc.
Prepared for: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Summary Report of Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Region 4 (Mar 2001; PDF | 2.5 MB)
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Prepared by: Amy J. Benson, Pam L. Fuller and Colette C. Jacono, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Florida Caribbean Science Center
Prepared for: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

National Ballast Survey (NABS) Reports
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. National Ballast Information Clearinghouse.

International Government

Aquatic Invasive Species: Uninvited Guests (May 2003; PDF | 2.7 MB)
Parliament of Canada. House of Commons.
Report of the Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans.

National Priority Pests. Part II: Ranking of Australian Marine Pests (Feb 2005)
Australian Government. Department of the Environment and Energy.

State Government


Analysis of Laws & Policies Concerning Exotic Invasions of the Great Lakes (Mar 15, 1999)
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Office of Great Lakes.

State of the Great Lakes Annual Reports
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Office of the Great Lakes.
Annual reports (from 1985) discusses many aspects of Great Lakes water quality including aquatic nuisance species control and ballast water management.



Managing Hull-Borne Invasive Species and Coastal Water Quality for California and Baja California Boats Kept in Saltwater (2007)
California Sea Grant.



America's Living Oceans: Charting a Course for Sea Change (May 2003)
Pew Oceans Commission.

Introduced Species in U.S. Coastal Waters: Environmental Impacts and Management Priorities (2001; PDF | 1.6 MB)
Pew Oceans Commission.
Prepared for the Pew Oceans Commission by James T. Carlton, Williams College and Mystic Seaport.

Assessing the Global Threat of Invasive Species to Marine Biodiversity (2008)
Nature Conservancy. ConserveOnline.
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2008; 6(9): 485-492.
A global review of marine invasive species; where they are, how they are being introduced, and which ones are most harmful.

Research and Management Priorities for Aquatic Invasive Species in the Great Lakes (2002)
International Association for Great Lakes Research.

Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ship's Ballast Water (1996)
National Research Council. National Academy of Sciences.
Committee on Ships' Ballast Operations, Marine Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems.

U.S. Maritime Industry National Town Meeting Webcast - Ballast Water and Other Vessel Discharges: The New American Frontier (Nov 20, 2007 - 2:30 - 4:00 p.m. ET)
Recorded live from the Media Conference Facility of K&L Gates, Washington D.C.
This web cast provides a good overview and update on the issue of regulating ballast water and other discharges from ships and legislation (S. 1578, the Ballast Water Management Act, and H.R. 2830, the Coast Guard Reauthorization Bill) before congress on this topic.

Great Lakes Shipping, Trade, and Aquatic Invasive Species (2008)
National Academy of Sciences. National Research Council.
Transportation Research Board Special Report 291.

The Role of Aquatic Invasive Species in State Listing of Impaired Waters and the TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Loads) Program: Seven Case Studies (May 2008)
Environmental Law Institute.
This report examines how seven states representing a range of geography, number of aquatic invasive species, water quality standards, 303(d) listings for invasive species, and aquatic invasive species management programs have addressed the effects of aquatic invasive species on the waters of their respective states through the federal Clean Water Act.

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Aquatic Plants


Aquatic Plants - Their Uses and Risks (Oct 2013)
UN. FAO. International Plant Protection Convention.

Federal Government


  • Melaleuca Publications
    University of Florida. IFAS. TAME Melaleuca.
    TAME Melaleuca (collaborative effort between U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service and University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, South Florida Water Management District, and others)
  • Publications
    Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.

International Government

State Government



Invasive Aquatic Species Resources
Maine Volunteer Lake Monitoring Program.

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Aquatic Animals

Federal Government

Asian Carps of the Genus Hypophthalmichthys (Pisces, Cyprinidae) - A Biological Synopsis and Environmental Risk Assessment (Apr 12, 2005; PDF | 2.81 MB)
DOI. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Report is a deliverable from the U.S. Geological Survey to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service per Interagency Agreement 94400-3-0128. The report was used as background information in the evaluation of carp added to the list of injurious wildlife under the Lacey Act.

Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region (Jan 23, 2014; PDF | 572 KB)
Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Congressional Research Service Report RL41082.

International Government

State Government



Non-native Oysters in the Chesapeake Bay (2003)
National Academy of Sciences. National Research Council.

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Last Modified: Mar 15, 2018
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