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Aquatic Species


Contains information on the prevention of invasive aquatic species. See Manager's Tool Kit - Prevention for general resources and other species.

Aquatic Species

Council or Task Force

Voluntary Guidelines to Prevent the Introduction and Spread of Aquatic Invasive Species: Recreational Activities (Nov 2013; 294 KB)
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.
See also: ANS Task Force Documents for more resources


100th Meridian Initiative
100th Meridian Initiative.
Cooperative effort between state, provincial, and federal agencies to prevent the westward spread of zebra mussels and other aquatic nuisance species in North America

A Model Comprehensive State Management Plan for the Prevention and Control of Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species (Jan 1996)
Great Lakes Commission.
Approved by the Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species

Legislation, Regulation and Policy for the Prevention and Control of Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Species: Model Guidance for Great lakes Jurisdictions (Jun 1999; PDF | 67 KB)
Great Lakes Commission.
Approved by the Great Lakes Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species
See also: Publications - Model Management Plans and Guidance for more resources

Exotic Policy: An International Joint Commission White Paper on Policies for the Prevention of the Invasion of the Great Lakes by Exotic Organisms
International Joint Commission. Eric Reeves.

National initiative developed by the ANS Task Force and its partner organizations, focuses on the prevention of the spread of non-native species via the aquarium and water garden pathways.

Marine Biofouling & Invasive Species: Guidelines for Prevention and Management (An Assessment of Risks and Management Initiatives) (2008; PDF | 1.12 MB)
Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP); United Nations Environment Programme. Regional Seas Programme.
Astoundingly, more than 70% of introduced marine species in Australia and New Zealand are now thought to have been introduced by biofouling. This report aims to raise awareness of the threat posed by marine biofouling, assess the risks using detailed case studies and present strategies for the prevention and management invasive marine species. See also: GISP Publications and Reports for more resources

Preventing Aquatic Species Invasions in the Mid-Atlantic: Outcome-Based Actions in Vector Management - Aquatic Invasive Species in the Mid-Atlantic Vector Workshop Findings (2010; PDF | 3.3 MB)
Mid-Atlantic Panel on Aquatic Invasive Species.
Conference held Dec 2, 2009 in Baltimore, Maryland. See also: Panel Resources for more publications

Preventing Spread of Non-Target Species (2003; PDF | 81 KB)
Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Natural Resource Management.
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Bob Pitman, Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator - Southwest Region See also: HACCP-Related Documents for more resources

Federal Government

An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century: Preventing the Spread of Invasive Species (2004; PDF | 562 KB)
U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy.
See also: An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century for the full publication

Lake Superior Binational Program
EPA. Great Lakes. Lake Superior.
Canada and the U.S. have developed A Binational Program to Restore and Protect the Lake Superior Basin. This program has focused on the entire ecosystem of Lake Superior, its air, land, water and human and wildlife. The Lake Superior Binational Program has finalized the Lake Superior Aquatic Invasive Species Complete Prevention Plan (Jan 2014; PDF | 1.5 MB) to address the threat of invasive species in the lake.

Preventing the Introduction and Spread of Aquatic Invasive Species
DOI. FWS. Fisheries and Habitat Conservation.

State Government

Aquatic Invasive Species Prevention
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.
Provides information about aquatic invasive species prevention permits required in Oregon, annual reports for the Prevention Program, and prevention outreach materials.

Local Aquatic Invasive Species Prevention Aid
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.


AIS-HACCP: Aquatic Invasive Species - Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point
University of Minnesota. Minnesota Sea Grant.

Building Consensus in the West: Developing a Model Legal Framework for Watercraft Inspection and Decontamination Programs
National Sea Grant Law Center.
Initiative of the Western Regional Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species (WRP). The goal of the WRP initiative is to develop a multi-state vision for watercraft inspection and decontamination (WID) programs. The National Sea Grant Law Center is an active participant in this initiative, providing legal research support and leading efforts to develop model legislation and regulations for WID Programs. Also see Invasive Mussels in the West: A Multi-state Collaboration (Oregon Sea Grant).

Clean Boats Clean Waters - Michigan's Aquatic Invasive Species Volunteer Program
Michigan Sea Grant.
Program sponsored and promoted by Michigan Sea Grant and the Office of the Great Lakes, Department of Environmental Quality.

Clean Boats, Clean Waters Program
University of Wisconsin. Extension Lakes Program.

Policy Incentives to Prevent Introduction of Non-Indigenous Species Via Shipping (1995; PDF | 2.71 MB)
Ohio State University. Ohio Sea Grant.
Thesis and Dissertation Series OHSU-TD-063


Invasive Species Action Network.
Since 2009 there has been an increasing move toward restricting the use of felt soled waders and wading boots. Includes discussion of the science of felt, the spread of aquatic invasive species, and felt regulations.

Great Lakes Aquatic Invasive Species: Prevention
Nature Conservancy.

Halting the Invasion in the Chesapeake Bay: Preventing Aquatic Invasive Species Introduction through Regional Cooperation (Dec 2007)
Environmental Law Institute.
A report by attorney Read D. Porter that examines coordination on aquatic invasive species (AIS) prevention among the Chesapeake Bay states. The report focuses on prevention-related legal authorities in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania in particular, and recommends actions to improve regional cooperation both within the existing regulatory frameworks and through potential amendments to state laws and regulations to enhance prevention.

Invasive Aquatic Species - Prevention
Lake Stewards of Maine.
Special Note: Formerly known as the Maine Volunteer Lake Monitoring Program.

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Aquatic Animals


Don't Move a Mussel
Okanagan Basin Water Board. Okanagan Water Wise (Canada).

Federal Government

History of Mussel Prevention
DOI. NPS. Glen Canyon National Recreation Area.

State Government

Lake County (California) Invasive Mussel Prevention Program
Lake County. California.
There is a mandatory inspection for any water vessel prior to launching in a Lake County water body to better protect the water bodies of the county from possible quagga and zebra mussel infestation. This applies to all motorized and non-motorized vessels including boats, trailers, kayaks, canoes, jet skis, inflatable rafts, etc. All vessels will be required to obtain an Inspection Sticker prior to launching.


New Zealand Mudsnails: How to Prevent the Spread of New Zealand Mudsnails through Field Gear (2010; PDF | 619 KB)
Oregon Sea Grant.

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Aquatic Plants


Smart Water Gardening to Prevent the Spread of Aquatic Invasive Species
Michigan State University Extension.

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Last Modified: Sep 22, 2018
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