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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / European Green Crab
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Species Profiles

European Green Crab

European green crabScientific name: Carcinus maenas (Linnaeus, 1758) (ITIS)

Common names: European green crab, shore crab, Joe rocker

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Selected Resources

Native To: Europe (Carlton and Cohen 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1817 (East Coast); 1980s (West Coast) (Carlton and Cohen 2003)

Means of Introduction: Possibly through ballast water, hull fouling, or intentional releases (Carlton and Cohen 2003)

Impact: Preys on bivalves and other crustaceans, such as soft-shell clams and scallops (Grosholz and Ruiz 2002)

Current U.S. Distribution: North Atlantic coast; Pacific Coast

Images:

Video:

Selected Resources:

Council or Task Force

Species of Concern Fact Sheet: European Green Crab
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.

Priority Species: European Green Crab
Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Washington Invasive Species Council.

Partnership

Green Crab
Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species Panel
.

The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - European Green Crab, Mediterranean Green Crab
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

The Exotics Guide: Non-native Marine Species of the North American Pacific Coast (Revised Sep 2011) - Carcinus maenas
San Francisco Estuary Institute; Center for Research on Aquatic Bioinvasions.

Invasive Species Compendium - Carcinus maenas
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Carcinus maenas (crustacean)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS)- Carcinus maenas
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database: Fact Sheet - Green Crab
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).

International Government

European green crab (Carcinus maenas)
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).

State Government

Invasive Species - European Green Crab (Carcinus maenas)
Alaska Department of Fish and Game.

Aquatic Invasive Species - European Green Crab
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Aquatic Nuisance Species.

Academic

Introduced Species Summary Project - European Green Crab
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Green Crab Team
Washington Sea Grant.

Professional

Non-Indigenous Aquatic Species of Concern for Alaska - Green Crab (May 4, 2004; PDF | 161 KB)
Prince William Sound Regional Citizens' Advisory Council.

Citations

Carlton, J.T. and A.N. Cohen. 2003. Episodic global dispersal in shallow water marine organisms: the case history of the European shore crabs Carcinus maenas and C. aestuarii. Journal of Biogeography 30(12):1809-1820.

Grosholz, E. and G. Ruiz. 2002. Management Plan for the European Green Crab (PDF | 517 KB) Submitted to the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force by the Green Crab Control Committee.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Carcinus maenas. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

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Last Modified: Sep 29, 2016
 
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