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Aquatic Species

Describes databases available online related to invasive aquatic species. See Resource Library - Databases for general resources, other species, expertise, and geographic based information.

Aquatic Species

Database: AquaNIS - European Marine Alien Species Database
Host: Klaipeda University (Lithuania), Coastal Research and Planning Institute.
Scope: AquaNIS is an online information system on the aquatic Non-Indigenous Species (NIS), and species which might be considered as NIS, i.e. cryptogenic species. The system stores and disseminates information on NIS introduction histories, recipient regions, taxonomy, biological traits, impacts, and other relevant documented data. Currently, the system contains data on NIS introduced to marine, brackish and coastal freshwater of Europe and neighboring regions, but may be extended to other parts of the World.

Database: Assessing the Global Threat of Invasive Species to Marine Biodiversity (scroll to download database in MS Access, or download a table of number of invasive species by ecoregion in MS Excel)
Host: The Nature Conservancy, ConserveOnline
Scope: The global database contains information on over 330 marine invasive species, including non-native distributions by marine ecoregion, invasion pathways, and ecological impact and other threat scores. This is an ongoing project and the database will be updated periodically.

Database: California Aquatic Non-native Organism Database (CANOD) (scroll down to view)
Host: California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Invasive Species Program
Scope: CANOD was developed to record baseline information about NAS on the California coast. It continues to be a tool to help monitor new introductions and to understand the patterns associated with these introductions. The database contains every known marine and estuarine aquatic non-native species on the California coast. Includes information about the pathway of introduction (e.g. ballast water, intentional introduction), date of introduction, locations observed, native region of each species and other associated data.

Database: Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species (DIAS)
Host: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Fisheries Global Information System
Scope: DIAS contains records of aquatic species introduced or transferred from one country to another.

DatabaseGreat Lakes Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Information System (GLANSIS)
Host: DOC, NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory
Scope: The present database targets nonindigenous aquatic species that are not considered to have been native to any part of the Great Lakes basin. GLANSIS functions as a Great Lakes specific node of the USGS NAS national database.

Database: Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN)
Host: Michigan State University
Scope: MISIN is a regional data aggregation effort to develop and provide an early detection and rapid response (EDRR) resource for invasive species in the Midwest. The goal of this regional resource is to assist both experts and citizen scientists in the detection and identification of invasive species in support of the successful management of invasive species. We offer reporting through our website, mobile reporting through our smartphone app, e-mail alerts, mapsOnDemand, training modules, and fact sheets. Users can also view distribution data by date, contributor, species, county, or state.

Database: National Ballast Information Clearinghouse (NBIC)
Host: Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.
Scope: Joint program with U.S. Coast Guard. The clearinghouse will function as a central source of information on ballast water and ballast-mediated invasion to include: 1) Spatial and temporal patterns of ballast water delivery and management; 2) Patterns and rates of marine and estuarine invasions; 3) Directory of ongoing and past research on ballast water and ballast-mediated invasions; 4) General information on a broad range of topics relevant to this issue.

Database: National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS)
Host: Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.
Scope: NEMESIS is a resource for information on non-native, or exotic, species that occur in coastal marine waters of the United States. NEMESIS provides summaries for approximately 500 non-native coastal species including when, where and how these species invaded and key information on their biology and ecology. NEMESIS provides access to data on non-native species in the Chesapeake Bay.

Database: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) Database
Host: DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Scope: Serves as a central repository for accurate and spatially referenced biogeographic accounts of nonindigenous aquatic vertebrates and invertebrates. Provided are scientific reports, online/realtime queries, spatial data sets, regional contact lists, and general information for aquatic vertebrates and invertebrates occurring outside of their native range.  The geographical coverage is the United States.

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Aquatic Plants

Database: Aquatic Plant Information Retrieval System (APIRS)
Host: University of Florida, IFAS, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants with significant support from Bureau of Invasive Plant Management, Florida Department of Environmental Protection Aquatic Plant Control Research Program, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Scope: This resource is devoted to freshwater aquatic and wetland plants, as well as terrestrial and aquatic invasive plants. The database includes annotated citations for more than 85,000 research articles, books and reports about plant ecology, physiology, utilization and control. Items in many languages dating back to the 18th century are in this inclusive database.

DatabaseAquatic Plant Information System Online (APIS)
HostU.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center, Environmental Laboratory
Scope: APIS contains information for approximately 75 aquatic, wetland and terrestrial plants as well as information on ecology, biology, systematics, identification, and environmentally compatible management techniques.

Database: Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Host:  University of South Florida, Institute for Systematic Botany
Scope: The Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants is a joint effort by the Institute for Systematic Botany, the University of South Florida and the Florida Center for Community Design + Research to provide users with a comprehensive searchable database of vascular plants in the State of Florida. Data includes county by county distribution documented by herbarium specimens and complete nomenclature for all Florida taxa.

Database: Biota of North America Program (BONAP)
Host:  North Carolina Botanical Garden; University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Scope: The program's goal is to develop a unified digital system for assessing the North American biota through the maintenance of the taxonomic, nomenclatural, and biogeographic data for all members of the biota. The BONAP database now includes data for all vascular plants and vertebrate species (native, naturalized, and adventive) of the United States and Canada. In Jan 2010, BONAP released its North American Plant Atlas; county-level atlas for contiguous 48 states.

Database: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
Host: University of Georgia, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health (collaborative project with the Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group)
Scope: Database of information about plants that invade natural areas in the U.S. (including Hawaii). It is intended as an informational and educational tool and is compiled from a wide variety of sources including published and unpublished lists, reports, surveys, and personal observations from experts in the field. Sources include the National Park Service, other federal, state and local agencies, Exotic Pest Plant Councils, Invasive Species Councils and related organizations, The Nature Conservancy, and others. See more information About the Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States (formerly known as WeedUS).

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Aquatic Animals

Database: 100th Meridian Initiative
Host: University of Texas-Arlington
Scope: Cooperative effort between state, provincial, and federal agencies to prevent the westward spread of zebra mussels and other aquatic nuisance species in North America.

Database: Atlas of Exotic Species in the Mediterranean Sea
Host: International Commission for the Scientific Exploration of the Mediterranean Sea (CIESM)
Scope: Provides a comprehensive, group by group, survey of recent marine 'immigrants' in the Mediterranean, which is undergoing drastic and rapid changes to its biota. Includes Crustacean decapods and stomatopods, Fishes, and Molluscs.

Database: Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species (DIAS)
Host: Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Scope:  The FAO database on introductions of aquatic species was initiated by R. Welcomme in the early 1980's. It considered primarily only freshwater species of fish and formed the basis for the 1988 FAO Fisheries Technical Paper no. 294. The database has been expanded to include additional taxa, such as molluscs and crustaceans, and marine species. In the mid 1990's a questionnaire was sent to national experts to gather additional information on introductions and transfers of aquatic species in their countries. The database, which contains now about 3,150 records, can be queried through the Search Form.

Database: FishBase: A Global Information System on Fishes
Host: FishBase was developed at the WorldFish Center in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and many other partners, and with support from the European Commission (EC).
Scope: FishBase is a relational database with fish information to cater to different professionals such as research scientists, fisheries managers, zoologists and many more. FishBase on the web contains practically all fish species known to science.

Database: Marine Invader Tracking Information System (MITIS)
Host: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sea Grant Center for Coastal Resources
Scope: Contains information and monitoring data on marine invasive species in the northeast United States.

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Last Modified: Sep 14, 2017
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