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Aquatic Species

Describes databases available online related to invasive aquatic species. See Resource Library - Databases for general resources, other species, expertise, and geographic based information.

Aquatic Species


Database: AquaNIS - European Marine Alien Species Database
Host: European Commission. Seventh Framework Programme. VECTORS Project.
Scope: AquaNIS is an online information system on the aquatic Non-Indigenous Species (NIS), and species which might be considered as NIS, i.e. cryptogenic species. The system stores and disseminates information on NIS introduction histories, recipient regions, taxonomy, biological traits, impacts, and other relevant documented data. Currently, the system contains data on NIS introduced to marine, brackish and coastal freshwater of Europe and neighboring regions, but may be extended to other parts of the World.

Database: California Non-native Estuarine and Marine Organisms Database (Cal-NEMO)
Host: California Department of Fish and Wildlife; Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.
Scope: Cal-NEMO provides comprehensive information on introduced marine and estuarine invertebrates and algae with established populations in California. The database contains everything from brief overviews of species and taxonomic groups to detailed records on the history of spread. The creation of NEMESIS and Cal-NEMO has involved years of research and literature review, and remains an ongoing project. Records are updated as new species are reported and new research is available.

Database: Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species (DIAS)
Host: United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization
Scope:  The FAO database on introductions of aquatic species was initiated by R. Welcomme in the early 1980's. It considered primarily only freshwater species of fish and formed the basis for the 1988 FAO Fisheries Technical Paper no. 294. The database has been expanded to include additional taxa, such as molluscs and crustaceans, and marine species. In the mid 1990's a questionnaire was sent to national experts to gather additional information on introductions and transfers of aquatic species in their countries. The database, which contains now about 5,500 records, can be queried through the Search Form.

Federal Government

DatabaseGreat Lakes Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Information System (GLANSIS)
Host: DOC, NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory
Scope: The present database targets nonindigenous aquatic species that are not considered to have been native to any part of the Great Lakes basin. GLANSIS functions as a Great Lakes specific node of the USGS NAS national database.

Database: National Ballast Information Clearinghouse (NBIC)
Host: Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.
Scope: Joint program with U.S. Coast Guard. The clearinghouse will function as a central source of information on ballast water and ballast-mediated invasion to include: 1) Spatial and temporal patterns of ballast water delivery and management; 2) Patterns and rates of marine and estuarine invasions; 3) Directory of ongoing and past research on ballast water and ballast-mediated invasions; 4) General information on a broad range of topics relevant to this issue.

Database: National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS)
Host: Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.
Scope: NEMESIS is a resource for information on non-native, or exotic, species that occur in coastal marine waters of the United States. NEMESIS provides summaries for approximately 500 non-native coastal species including when, where and how these species invaded and key information on their biology and ecology. NEMESIS provides access to data on non-native species in the Chesapeake Bay.

Database: Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) Database
Host: DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Scope: Serves as a central repository for accurate and spatially referenced biogeographic accounts of nonindigenous aquatic vertebrates and invertebrates. Provided are scientific reports, online/realtime queries, spatial data sets, regional contact lists, and general information for aquatic vertebrates and invertebrates occurring outside of their native range.  The geographical coverage is the United States.


Database: Assessing the Global Threat of Invasive Species to Marine Biodiversity (scroll to download database in MS Access, or download a table of number of invasive species by ecoregion in MS Excel)
Host: The Nature Conservancy, Conservation Gateway
Scope: The global database contains information on over 330 marine invasive species, including non-native distributions by marine ecoregion, invasion pathways, and ecological impact and other threat scores. This is an ongoing project and the database will be updated periodically.

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Aquatic Plants


Database: Aquatic Plant Information Retrieval System (APIRS)
Host: University of Florida, IFAS, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants with significant support from Bureau of Invasive Plant Management, Florida Department of Environmental Protection Aquatic Plant Control Research Program, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Scope: This resource is devoted to freshwater aquatic and wetland plants, as well as terrestrial and aquatic invasive plants. The database includes annotated citations for more than 85,000 research articles, books and reports about plant ecology, physiology, utilization and control. Items in many languages dating back to the 18th century are in this inclusive database.

Federal Government

DatabaseAquatic Plant Information System Online (APIS)
HostU.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center, Environmental Laboratory
Scope: APIS contains information for approximately 75 aquatic, wetland and terrestrial plants as well as information on ecology, biology, systematics, identification, and environmentally compatible management techniques.

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Aquatic Animals

International Government

Database: Atlas of Exotic Species in the Mediterranean Sea
Host: Mediterranean Science Commission
Scope: Provides a comprehensive, group by group, survey of recent marine 'immigrants' in the Mediterranean, which is undergoing drastic and rapid changes to its biota. Includes Crustacean decapods and stomatopods, Fishes, and Molluscs.


Database: FishBase: A Global Information System on Fishes
Host: FishBase was developed at the WorldFish Center in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and many other partners, and with support from the European Commission (EC).
Scope: FishBase is a relational database with fish information to cater to different professionals such as research scientists, fisheries managers, zoologists and many more. FishBase on the web contains practically all fish species known to science.

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Last Modified: Sep 04, 2018
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