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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Cane Toad
Aquatic Species
Species Profiles

Cane Toad

Cane Toad

Scientific name: Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758); formerly Bufo marinus (ITIS)

Common names: Cane toad, Giant toad, Marine toad, Giant marine toad, South American cane toad, Dominican toad, spring chicken (Belize)

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Selected Resources

Native To: South America, Central America, Mexico, and extreme southern Texas (NAS Database)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First introduced to Florida by 1936 (NAS Database)

Means of Introduction: Originally introduced to control sugar cane pests; has also been accidentally and intentionally released by animal importers, zoos, and laboratories (NAS Database)

Impact: Preys on and competes with native species; highly toxic to predators (including pets) (NAS Database)

Current U.S. Distribution:



Selected Resources:


Invasive Species Compendium - Rhinella marina
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Rhinella marina (= Bufo marinus) (amphibian)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database: Fact Sheet - Cane Toad
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).

Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory - Bufo marinus
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.

International Government

Feral Animals in Australia - Cane Toads
Australian Government. Department of the Environment and Energy.

PestSmart Connect - Cane Toad
Centre for Invasive Species Solutions (Australia).

Invasive Animals: Other Invasive Animals - Cane Toad
Queensland Business and Industry Portal (Australia).

A-Z of Pest Animals - Cane Toad
Victoria Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources (Australia).

State Government

Nonnatives: Giant Toad
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.


EDIS Topic - Cane Toad
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources

Frogs and Toads of Florida - Giant Toad
University of Florida. IFAS. Florida Wildlife Extension.
Includes call of the Giant Toad

Animal Diversity Web - Rhinella marina
University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Giant Marine Toad
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.


Animal Species: Cane Toad
Australian Museum.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Rhinella marina. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Fact Sheet - Cane Toad. USGS, Gainesville, FL. [Accessed Sep 16, 2014].

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Last Modified: Aug 25, 2018
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