Random invasive species images that represents what NISIC does
USDA.gov NAL NISIC Sudden oak death Formosan subterranean termite Yellow star thistle Giant African snail Cactus moth Purple loosestrife
HomeAbout National Invasive Species Information Center (NISIC)News and EventscouncilHelpContact Us
 Search the National Invasive Species Information Center
Search all USDA
Advanced Search
Browse by Geography
United States
Browse by Subject
Aquatic Species
Economic Impacts
Laws and Regulations
Manager's Tool Kit
Resource Library
You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Bullfrog
Aquatic Species
Species Profiles


American bullfrogScientific name: Lithobates catesbeianus (formerly known as Rana catesbeiana) (ITIS)

Common name: American Bullfrog

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Central and Eastern U.S. (Clarkson and deVos 1986)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First introduced to the Western U.S. in the early 1900s (Clarkson and deVos 1986)

Means of Introduction: Accidentally introduced during trout stockings; also introduced through the aquarium trade and for sport and pest control (Lorvelec and Detaint 2006; NAS Database)

Impact: Competes with and preys on native species (Ficetola et al. 2007)

Current U.S. Distribution: Western U.S.



Selected Resources:

Council or Task Force

Priority Species: Bullfrog
Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Washington Invasive Species Council.


Invasive Species Compendium - Rana catesbeiana
CAB International.

Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE): Species Factsheet - Lithobates catesbeianus
European Commission. Sixth Framework Programme.

Non-native Species Information: American Bullfrog
Great Britain Non-Native Species Secretariat.

Global Invasive Species Database - Lithobates catesbeianus (amphibian)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database: Fact Sheet - American Bullfrog
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).

International Government

B.C. Frogwatch - Bullfrog
British Columbia Ministry of Environment (Canada).

State Government

Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan: Exotic Species - Bullfrog
Pima County (Arizona).

Invasive Species - Bullfrog
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.


Animal Diversity Web - Lithobates catesbeianus
University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology.

Introduced Species Summary Project - North American Bullfrog
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.



Clarkson, R.W. and J.C. de Vos, Jr. 1986. The bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana Shaw, in the Lower Colorado River, Arizona-California. Journal of Herpetology 20(1):42-49.

Ficetola, G.F., W. Thuiller, and C. Miaud. 2007. Prediction and validation of the potential global distribution of a problematic alien invasive species - the American bullfrog. Diversity and Distributions 13(4):476-485.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Lithobates catesbeianus. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Lorvelec, O. and M. Detaint. 2006.Species Factsheet - Lithobates catesbeianus. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe.

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Fact Sheet - American Bullfrog. USGS, Gainesville, FL. [Accessed Sep 16, 2014].

Back to Top
Last Modified: Sep 22, 2018
Bookmark and Share
I Want To
    Read Recent News Articles
    Find Management Plans
    Locate Images
    Find Experts

More ...

Aquatic Species
    Species Profiles
    Discussion Groups
    Economic Impacts
    Educational Resources
    Image Galleries
    Frequently Asked Questions
    What You Can Do
Media Help
 To view PDF files, you must have Adobe® Acrobat® installed on your computer.

To view multimedia files, you must have Adobe® Flash® installed on your computer.

 NISIC Home | NAL Home | USDA | AgNIC | Agricultural Research Service | Web Policies and Important Links | Site Map
FOIA | Accessibility Statement| Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement | Information Quality | USA.gov | White House