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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Wild Boar
Species Profiles

Wild Boar

Wild BoarScientific name: Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 (ITIS)

Common name: Wild boar, wild hog, feral pig, feral hog, Old World swine, razorback, Eurasian wild boar, Russian wild boar

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  • Unleashing a New Tool to Stop an Unexpected Invader (Jul 7, 2017)
    USDA. Blog.
    The National Feral Swine Damage Management Program, within the USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service’s Wildlife Services (WS) program, has unleashed detector dogs as a new tool to help stop the spread of feral swine, one of the United States' most destructive and ravenous invasive creatures. This is a new tool, and WS will continue to train the dogs and use them to detect nutria, feral swine, and possibly other invasive species, in the future.

Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Means of Introduction: Imported as a food source and escaped from domestication or were intentionally released (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Impact: Damages native plants and crops and competes with native species (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1500s (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Current U.S. Distribution:

  • National Feral Swine Mapping System (NFSMS)
    University of Georgia, College of Veterinary Medicine, Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study; USDA. APHIS. PPQ. Veterinary Services.
    Map is updated on a monthly basis using date collected from state wildlife agencies and USDA-APHIS-Wildlife Services.



Selected Resources:

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Council or Task Force

Priority Species: Feral Swine
Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Washington Invasive Species Council.

Fact Sheet: Feral Pig (Apr 2016; PDF | 860 KB)
Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).
See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act


Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage: Wild Pigs
Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management.

New York Invasive Species Information - Feral Swine
New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.

The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Feral Hog / Pig
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

Texas Invasives Database - Sus scrofa

Invasive Species Compendium - Sus scrofa
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Sus scrofa (mammal)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

Feral Swine
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory - Sus scrofa
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.

International Government

Feral Animals in Australia - Feral Pigs
Australian Government. Department of the Environment and Energy.

PestSmart Connect - Feral Pig
Centre for Invasive Species Solutions (Australia).

Invasive Animals: Restricted Invasive Animals - Feral Pig
Queensland Business and Industry Portal (Australia).

State Government

Wild Pigs in Kentucky
Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources.

Michigan Invasive Species - Feral Swine
State of Michigan.

Field Guide: Invasive - Feral Hog
Missouri Department of Conservation.

Nuisance & Invasive Species - Eurasian Boar
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Feral Swine in Ohio
Ohio Department of Natural Resources.

Invasive Species - Feral Swine
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Feral Hogs
Texas Parks and Wildlife.

Feral Pig Control
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Feral Hogs
Note: Multistate collaboration with a variety of feral hog resources

Animal Diversity Web - Sus scrofa
University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology.

Wild Pig Info
Mississippi State University. Extension Service.

Feral Hogs in Missouri: Damage Prevention and Control
University of Missouri. Extension.

Feral Swine in Ohio: Managing Damage and Conflicts
Ohio State University Extension.

Coping with Feral Hogs
Texas A&M AgriLife Extension.


The Feral Hog in Oklahoma, 2nd Edition (2010)
Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation.
Publication NF-WF-10-01


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Sus scrofa. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Rouhe, A., and M. Sytsma. 2007. Feral Swine Action Plan for Oregon (PDF | 1.43 MB). Prepared for the Oregon Invasive Species Council by the Portland State University Center for Lakes and Reservoirs.

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Last Modified: Sep 15, 2018
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