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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Wild Boar
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Species Profiles

Wild Boar

Wild BoarScientific name: Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 (ITIS)

Common name: Wild boar, wild hog, feral pig, feral hog, Old World swine, razorback, Eurasian wild boar, Russian wild boar

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Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Means of Introduction: Imported as a food source and escaped from domestication or were intentionally released (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Impact: Damages native plants and crops and competes with native species (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1500s (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Current U.S. Distribution:

  • National Feral Swine Mapping System (NFSMS)
    University of Georgia, College of Veterinary Medicine, Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study; USDA. APHIS. PPQ. Veterinary Services.
    Map is updated on a monthly basis using date collected from state wildlife agencies and USDA-APHIS-Wildlife Services.

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Council or Task Force

Priority Species: Feral Swine
Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Washington Invasive Species Council.

Fact Sheet: Feral Pig (Apr 2016; PDF | 860 KB)
Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).
See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act

Partnership

Wild Pigs
Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management.

New York Invasive Species Information - Feral Swine
New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.

Texas Invasives Database - Sus scrofa
TexasInvasives.org.

Invasive Species Compendium - Sus scrofa
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Sus scrofa (mammal)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

Feral Swine
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory - Sus scrofa
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.

International Government

Feral Animals in Australia - Feral Pigs
Australian Government. Department of the Environment and Energy.

PestSmart Connect - Feral Pig
Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre (Australia).

Feral Pig
Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (Australia).

State Government

Wild Pigs in Kentucky
Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources.

Feral Swine
Michigan Department of Natural Resources and Environment.

Field Guide: Invasive - Feral Hog
Missouri Department of Conservation.

Feral Swine
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Feral Swine in Ohio
Ohio Department of Natural Resources.

Invasive Species - Feral Swine
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Feral Hogs
Texas Parks and Wildlife.

Feral Pig Control
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Academic

Feral Hogs
eXtension.
Note: Multistate collaboration with a variety of feral hog resources

Animal Diversity Web - Sus scrofa
University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology.

Wild Pig Info
Mississippi State University. Extension Service.

Feral Hogs in Missouri: Damage Prevention and Control
University of Missouri. Extension.

Feral Swine in Ohio: Managing Damage and Conflicts
Ohio State University Extension.

Coping with Feral Hogs
Texas A&M AgriLife Extension.

Professional

The Feral Hog in Oklahoma, 2nd Edition (2010)
Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation.
Publication NF-WF-10-01

Citations

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Sus scrofa. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Rouhe, A., and M. Sytsma. 2007. Feral Swine Action Plan for Oregon (PDF | 1.43 MB). Prepared for the Oregon Invasive Species Council by the Portland State University Center for Lakes and Reservoirs.

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Last Modified: Sep 29, 2016
 
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