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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Oriental Fruit Fly
Species Profiles

Oriental Fruit Fly

Oriental fruit fly - Invasive.orgScientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) (ITIS)

Common name: Oriental fruit fly

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  • Commissioner Putnam Announces Successful Oriental Fruit Fly Eradication in Miami-Dade County (Feb 12, 2016)
    Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.
    Florida Commissioner of Agriculture Adam H. Putnam today announced that the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services and the U.S. Department of Agriculture have successfully eradicated the Oriental Fruit Fly in Miami-Dade County. The Oriental Fruit Fly is one of the most devastating threats to agriculture, as it attacks more than 430 different commodities, and the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services first found it in Miami-Dade County in August 2015.

Selected Resources

Native To: First recorded in Taiwan (Shi et al. 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Introduced to Hawaii in the 1940s; several infestations in the continental U.S. have been discovered since then, but all have been eradicated (Weems et al. 2016)

Means of Introduction: Possibly introduced to Hawaii by U.S. military troops returning after World War II (Weems et al. 2016)

Impact: Destructive pest of fruits and vegetables (Weems et al. 2016)

Current U.S. Distribution:




Selected Resources:

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Citrus Pests - Bactrocera
USDA. APHIS. PPQ. CPHST. Identification Technology Program.
See also: Citrus Resource

TISI Inventory - Oriental Fruit Fly
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Invasive Species Compendium - Bactrocera dorsalis
CAB International.

Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Oriental Fruit Fly (Bactrocera dorsalis)
CABI. Plantwise Knowledge Bank.

EPPO Global Database - Bactrocera dorsalis
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Federal Government

Hungry Pests: The Threat - Oriental Fruit Fly
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

International Government

Emergency Plant Pests and Diseases: Oriental Fruit Fly
Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (Australia). Office of Biosecurity.

State Government

Pest Profile - Oriental Fruit Fly
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health Division. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.


EDIS - Oriental Fruit Fly
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY083

Crop Knowledge Master - Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)
University of Hawaii. Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Integrated Pest Management Program.


Pest Fruit Flies of the World - Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)
Pest Fruit Flies of the World.

Version: Dec 8, 2006; generated using DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy); flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Bactrocera dorsalis. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Shi, W., C. Kerdelhue, and H. Ye. 2005. Population genetics of the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Yunnan (China) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Environmental Entomology 34(4):977-983.

Weems, H.V., J.B. Heppner, J.L. Nation, and G.J. Steck. 2016. Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. University of Florida, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY083 (IN240).

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Last Modified: Jun 29, 2017
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