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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Oriental Fruit Fly
Species Profiles

Oriental Fruit Fly

Oriental fruit fly - Invasive.orgScientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) (ITIS)

Common name: Oriental fruit fly

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  • Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Begins Efforts to Eradicate Exotic Fruit Fly (Jun 5, 2018)
    Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
    The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services has positively identified the presence of three Oriental fruit flies, Bactrocera dorsalis, in south Miami-Dade County. The initial fly was discovered during routine trapping, and additional flies were discovered during expanded trapping activities. The department, along with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, monitors more than 56,000 fruit fly traps statewide as an early detection network against exotic fruit fly introductions that threaten Florida's agriculture industry. The Oriental fruit fly has been trapped several times in Florida since 1964 with the most recent time being in Aug 2015, which was successfully eradicated in Feb 2016.

Selected Resources

Native To: First recorded in Taiwan (Shi et al. 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Introduced to Hawaii in the 1940s; several infestations in the continental U.S. have been discovered since then, triggering eradication programs (Weems et al. 2016)

Means of Introduction: Possibly introduced to Hawaii by U.S. military troops returning after World War II (Weems et al. 2016)

Impact: Destructive pest of fruits and vegetables (Weems et al. 2016)

Current U.S. Distribution:




Selected Resources:

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Citrus Pests - Bactrocera
USDA. APHIS. PPQ. CPHST. Identification Technology Program.
See also: Citrus Resource

TISI Inventory - Oriental Fruit Fly
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Invasive Species Compendium - Bactrocera dorsalis
CAB International.

Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Oriental Fruit Fly (Bactrocera dorsalis)
CABI. Plantwise Knowledge Bank.

EPPO Global Database - Bactrocera dorsalis
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Federal Government

Hungry Pests: The Threat - Oriental Fruit Fly
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

International Government

Emergency Plant Pests and Diseases: Oriental Fruit Fly
Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (Australia). Office of Biosecurity.

State Government

Pest Profile - Oriental Fruit Fly
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health Division. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.

Pest Alert - Bactrocera dorsalis, Oriental fruit fly (Jun 2018; PDF | 1.87 MB)
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.
See also: Exotic Fruit Flies for more resources


EDIS - Oriental Fruit Fly
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY083

Crop Knowledge Master - Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)
University of Hawaii. Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Integrated Pest Management Program.


Pest Fruit Flies of the World - Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)
Pest Fruit Flies of the World.

Version: Dec 8, 2006; generated using DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy); flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Bactrocera dorsalis. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Shi, W., C. Kerdelhue, and H. Ye. 2005. Population genetics of the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Yunnan (China) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Environmental Entomology 34(4):977-983.

Weems, H.V., J.B. Heppner, J.L. Nation, and G.J. Steck. 2016. Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. University of Florida, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY083 (IN240).

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Last Modified: Aug 26, 2018
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