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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Oriental Fruit Fly
Species Profiles

Oriental Fruit Fly

Oriental fruit fly - Invasive.orgScientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) (ITIS)

Common name: Oriental fruit fly

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  • How USDA & Partners Eradicated Oriental Fruit Fly from Florida (Mar 28, 2016)
    USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
    There's a good reason why USDA and the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) constantly monitor more than 56,000 fruit fly traps they have strategically placed across Florida. An outbreak of exotic fruit flies—one of the most destructive pests of fruit and vegetables—could threaten Florida's powerhouse agricultural industry. In August 2015, some of those traps captured Oriental fruit flies (OFF) in Miami-Dade County. The detection triggered an emergency response that could be a case study in how USDA’s Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) program and its partners respond to fruit fly outbreaks. Thanks to close coordination in Florida, PPQ and FDACS declared OFF eradicated on Feb. 13, 2016, just six months after the first detection.

Selected Resources

Native To: First recorded in Taiwan (Shi et al. 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Introduced to Hawaii in the 1940s; several infestations in the continental U.S. have been discovered since then, but all have been eradicated (Weems et al. 2016)

Means of Introduction: Possibly introduced to Hawaii by U.S. military troops returning after World War II (Weems et al. 2016)

Impact: Destructive pest of fruits and vegetables (Weems et al. 2016)

Current U.S. Distribution:




Selected Resources:

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Citrus Pests - Bactrocera
USDA. APHIS. PPQ. CPHST. Identification Technology Program.
See also: Citrus Resource

TISI Inventory - Oriental Fruit Fly
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Invasive Species Compendium - Bactrocera dorsalis
CAB International.

Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Oriental Fruit Fly (Bactrocera dorsalis)
CABI. Plantwise Knowledge Bank.

EPPO Global Database - Bactrocera dorsalis
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Federal Government

Hungry Pests: The Threat - Oriental Fruit Fly
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

International Government

Emergency Plant Pests and Diseases: Oriental Fruit Fly
Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (Australia). Office of Biosecurity.

State Government

Pest Profile - Oriental Fruit Fly
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health Division. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.


EDIS - Oriental Fruit Fly
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY083

Crop Knowledge Master - Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)
University of Hawaii. Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Integrated Pest Management Program.


Pest Fruit Flies of the World - Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)
Pest Fruit Flies of the World.

Version: Dec 8, 2006; generated using DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy); flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Bactrocera dorsalis. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Shi, W., C. Kerdelhue, and H. Ye. 2005. Population genetics of the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Yunnan (China) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Environmental Entomology 34(4):977-983.

Weems, H.V., J.B. Heppner, J.L. Nation, and G.J. Steck. 2016. Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. University of Florida, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY083 (IN240).

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Last Modified: Jan 27, 2018
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