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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Mexican Fruit Fly
Species Profiles

Mexican Fruit Fly

Mexican fruit fly - Invasive.org

Scientific name: Anastrepha ludens (Loew, 1873) (ITIS)

Synonyms: Anastrepha lathana, Trypeta ludens (ITIS)

Common name: Mexican fruit fly, Mexfly

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Selected Resources

Native To: Mexico and Central America (Flitters and Messenger 1965)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First observed as a winter migrant in southern Texas in 1903, with infestations occurring beginning in 1927; it was first discovered outside of its usual range in 1954 (Flitters and Messenger 1965)

Means of Introduction: Migrates into southern Texas from Mexico; may be introduced to other areas through the movement of infested fruit (Aluja 1994; Thomas 2004)

Impact: Larvae attack at least 60 varieties of fruit, particularly citrus and mangoes (Thomas 2004)

Current U.S. Distribution:



Selected Resources:

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Citrus Pests - Mexican fruit fly
USDA. APHIS. PPQ. CPHST. Identification Technology Program.
See also: Citrus Resource

TISI Inventory - Mexican Fruit Fly
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Invasive Species Compendium - Anastrepha ludens
CAB International.

Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Mexican Fruit Fly (Anastrepha ludens)
CABI. Plantwise Knowledge Bank.

EPPO Global Database - Anastrepha ludens
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Federal Government

Plant Pests and Diseases Program: Insects - Fruit Flies
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Hungry Pests: The Threat - Mexican Fruit Fly
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

State Government

Pest Profile - Mexican Fruit Fly Pest Profile
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health Division. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.


EDIS - Mexican Fruit Fly
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY201


Pest Fruit Flies of the World - Anastrepha ludens (Loew)
Pest Fruit Flies of the World.
Version: Dec 8, 2006; using DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy) is a flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing.


Aluja, M. 1994. Bionomics and management of Anastrepha. Annual Review of Entomology 39:155-178.

Flitters, N.E., and P.S. Messenger. 1965. Effect of temperature and humidity on development and potential distribution of the Mexican fruit fly in the United States (Technical Bulletin 1330). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Anastrepha ludens. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Thomas, D.B. 2004. Hot peppers as a host for the Mexican fruit fly Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae). Florida Entomologist 87(4):603-608.

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Last Modified: Aug 20, 2018
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