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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Formosan Subterranean Termite
Species Profiles

Formosan Subterranean Termite

Formosan Subterranean TermiteScientific name: Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, 1909 (ITIS)

Common name: Formosan subterranean termite, ground termites

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Selected Resources

Native To: China (Hu 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1960s (Messenger et al. 2002)

Means of Introduction: Arrived accidentally on ships from the Pacific (Messenger et al. 2002)

Impact: Competes with native species; causes structural damage to buildings (Hu 2003)

Current U.S. Distribution: Primarily in the Southeast U.S.



Selected Resources:

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Texas Invasives Database - Coptotermes formosanus

The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Formosan Subterranean Termite
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

Invasive Species Compendium - Coptotermes formosanus
CAB International.

Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Formosan Subterranean Termite (Coptotermes formosanus)
CABI. Plantwise Knowledge Bank.

Global Invasive Species Database - Coptotermes formosanus (insect)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

State Government

Formosan Subterranean Termite (Coptotermes formosanus) (PDF | 283 KB)
County of Los Angeles (California). Agricultural Commissioner. Weights and Measures.


EDIS - Formosan Subterranean Termite
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY121

Biology of Subterranean Termites in the Eastern United States
University of Georgia. Extension.
Bulletin 1209.

Identifying the Formosan Subterranean Termite
University of Georgia. Extension.
Circular 868.

The Formosan Subterranean Termite
University of Georgia. BugwoodWiki.

Formosan Subterranean Termites
Louisiana State University Agricultural Center. Research and Extension.

Formosan Subterranean Termite
Texas A&M University. Center for Urban and Structural Entomology.


Hu, X.P. 2003. Formosan Subterranean Termites. Alabama Cooperative Extension System. ANR-135.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Coptotermes formosanus. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Messenger, M.T., N.Y. Su, and R.H. Scheffrahn. 2002. Current distribution of the Formosan subterranean termite and other termite species in Louisiana (PDF | 103 KB). Florida Entomologist 84(5):580-587.

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Last Modified: Aug 20, 2018
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