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Economic Impacts

Provides national and international resources for the economic impacts of invasive animal species. See Economic Impacts - National and Economic Impacts - International for general resources and other species.


Preliminary assessment of the potential impacts and risks of the invasive cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum Berg, in the U.S. and Mexico (Apr 25, 2005; PDF | 744 KB)
International Atomic Energy Agency.

PestSmart Connect - Counting the Cost: Impact of Invasive Animals in Australia (2004)
Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre (Australia).

Federal Government

Cost Analysis and Biological Ramifications for Implementing the Gypsy Moth Slow the Spread Program (2008)
USDA. FS. Northern Research Station.

Nonmarket Economic Values of Forest Insect Pests: An Updated Literature Review (Apr 2012)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station.

Gypsy Moth Digest
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry.
The Gypsy Moth Digest is a database containing information about gypsy moth defoliation and treatments at the national level. Treatments include those funded by the gypsy moth Suppression, Eradication, and Slow The Spread (STS) programs.

Economic Impact of Invasive Species to Wildlife Services' Cooperators (Aug 2000)
USDA. APHIS. Wildlife Services.
David L. Bergman, Monte D. Chandler, and Adrienne Locklear
Proceedings of the Third National Wildlife Research Center Special Symposium: Human Conflicts with Wildlife: Economic Considerations; Aug 1-3, 2000; Fort Collins, Colorado.

Linking Risk and Economic Assessments in the Analysis of Plant Pest Regulations: The Case of U.S. Imports of Mexican Avocados (Oct 2006)
USDA. Economic Research Service.
Contractor and Cooperator Report No. (CCR-25)

Economic Impacts of Non-Native Forest Insects in the Continental United States
USDA. FS. Northern Research Station.
Non-native, wood-boring insects such as the emerald ash borer and the Asian longhorned beetle are costing an estimated $1.7 billion in local government expenditures and approximately $830 million in lost residential property values every year, according to study by a research team that included scientists with the U.S. Forest Service, Northern Research Station. This study provides the most comprehensive estimates of the costs of non-native forest insects that are currently available for the U.S. See also: News Release - Study Finds that Local Government, Home Owners Are Paying for Damages Caused by Non-native Forest Insects (Sep 9, 2011)

The Economic Cost of Large Constrictor Snakes (Jan 2012; PDF | 687 KB)
DOI. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in partnership with many organizations, has spent more than $6 million since 2005 finding and applying solutions to the growing problem of Burmese pythons and other large invasive constrictor snakes in Florida. For more information, see Injurious Wildlife - Large Constrictor Snakes.


Economic Impacts of Pink Hibiscus Mealybug in Florida and the United States (Dec 2004)
University of Minnesota. AgEcon Search.
Selected Paper Prepared for Presentation at the American Agricultural Economics Association Meetings July 24-27, 2005, Providence, Rhode Island.


Cost of Potential Emerald Ash Borer Damage in U.S. Communities, 2009-2019 (2010)
Elsevier. Ecological Economics.
Kovacs, K.F., et al. 2010. Ecological Economics. 69(3): 569-578.
Scientists' estimate of the discounted cost of treatment, removal, and replacement in response to EAB infestation over a 10-year horizon from 2009–2019 is $10.7 billion.

Economic Cost of Stink Bugs (Sep 17, 2011)
C-SPAN. Video Library.
C-SPAN interviews ARS Program Leader Kevin Hackett, IPM Working Group leader Tracy Leskey about the agricultural impact of the pest and the federal response.

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Last Modified: Mar 17, 2018
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