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You are here: Home / Animals / Species Profiles / Africanized Honeybee
Species Profiles

Africanized Honeybee

Africanized honeybeeScientific name: Apis mellifera scutellata Lepeletier (Ellis and Ellis 2008; Sheppard and Smith 2000)

Common names: Africanized honeybee, African honey bee, killer bee

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Selected Resources

Native To: Originally from Africa; first hybridized in South America (Hall et al. 2014)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1990, first found in southern Texas (Hall et al. 2014)

Means of Introduction: Imported and bred with European honey bees to increase honey production (Hall et al. 2014)

Impact: More aggressive than European honeybees; negative impact on honey production industry (Hall et al. 2014)

Current U.S. Distribution:



Selected Resources:

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Invasive Species Compendium - Apis mellifera scutellata
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Apis mellifera scutellata (insect)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

Africanized Honey Bees (PDF | 51 KB)
DOI. NPS. Saguaro National Park.

Africanized Honey Bees
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.

State Government

Arkansas Honey Bees & Africanized Honey Bees
Arkansas Agriculture Department. Arkansas State Plant Board.

Pest Profile - Africanized Honeybee
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health Division. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.

Honey Bees in Los Angeles
Los Angeles County West Vector and Vector-Borne Control District (California).

Africanized Honey Bees (2006; PDF | 20 KB)
Orange County Vector Control District (California).
See also: Information Bullletins on other vectors/pests.

Africanized Honey Bee Facts
Pasadena Health Department (California).

Bee Alert - Africanized Honey Bee Facts (PDF | 70 KB)
San Diego County Agriculture Weights and Measures (California).

Africanized Honey Bee Task Force
San Mateo County Department of Agriculture/Weights and Measures (California).

Responding to the Introduction of Africanized Honey Bees (AHB) in North Carolina
North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Plant Industry Division.

Africanized Honey Bee in Utah
Utah State Department of Agriculture and Food.
Since 2009 the Utah Department of Agriculture and Food (UDAF) has tracked the movement of Africanized honeybees (AHB) in the State of Utah. UDAF has set traps, monitored feral colonies and tested suspected managed honeybees.


Bee Alert: Africanized Honey Bee Facts (2002)
University of California - Davis. Agriculture and Natural Resources.
ANR Publication 8068

Africanized Honey Bee, Apis mellifera
University of California - Riverside. Center for Invasive Species Research.

Honey Bee Research and Information
University of California - Riverside. Entomology.

EDIS Topic - Africanized Honey Bee
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources

Publications - Search Results for "Africanized Honey Bees"
New Mexico State University. Library Digital Collections.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Africanized Honey Bee
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Africanized Honey Bees in Oklahoma
Oklahoma State University. Entomology & Plant Pathology.


Africanized Honey Bees: Identifying Africanized Honey Bees
San Diego Natural History Museum.


Ellis, J., and A. Ellis. 2008. African honey bee, Africanized honey bee, or killer bee, Apis mellifera scutellata Lepeletier (Hymenoptera: Apidae). In: J.L. Capinera (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Entomology (Vol. 4, pp. 59-66). Dordrecht: Springer.

Hall, H.G., C. Zettel-Nalen and J.D. Ellis. 2014. African honey bee: what you need to know. University of Florida, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. Electronic Data Information Source Publicaton ENY-114 (MG113).

Sheppard, W.S., and D.R. Smith. 2000. Identification of African-derived bees in the Americas: a survey of methods. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93(2):159-176.

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Last Modified: Sep 07, 2018
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