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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Tropical Soda Apple
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Species Profiles

Tropical Soda Apple

Tropical Soda AppleScientific name: Solanum viarum Dunal

Common name: Tropical soda apple

Click image to enlarge

Native To: South America (Waggy 2009)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in 1988 (Waggy 2009)

Means of Introduction: Probably through contaminated seed or other agricultural products (Waggy 2009)

Impact: Crowds out native species and forage for livestock (Waggy 2009)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Federally Regulated:

  • Listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import, or transport between States without a permit (USDA, APHIS - Noxious Weeds Program)

Images:

Video:

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Solanum viarum Dunal
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Nothing but a Wasteful Weed (PDF | 65 KB)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution

Solanum viarum Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Solanum viarum Dunal - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

Don't Spread Tropical Soda Apple (PDF | 105 KB)
USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Dispersion; Controls

Tropical Soda Apple, Wetland Nightshade, and Turkey Berry - Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States (Aug 2002)
BugwoodWiki.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.

Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls; Legal Aspects

Tropical Soda Apple - Weed of the Week (Mar 8, 2005; PDF | 221 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection. Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Solanum viarum - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Tropical Soda Apple - A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests
USDA. FS. Southern Research Station.; Bugwood Wiki.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Controls

PLANTS Database - Tropical Soda Apple
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Distribution; Legal Aspects

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State Government

Tropical Soda Apple
Alabama Forestry Commission.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls

Tropical Soda Apple
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Plant Industry.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Controls; Legal Aspects

Tropical Soda Apple, Solanum viarum Dunal: The Plant from Hell (PDF | 920 KB)
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Plant Industry.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Legal Aspects

Tropical Soda Apple
Georgia Department of Agriculture. Plant Protection Division.
Photographs; Impacts; Dispersion

Noxious Weeds - Tropical Soda Apple (scroll to view section)
Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Controls

Pest Alert: Tropical Soda Apple (PDF | 179 KB)
West Virginia Department of Agriculture.
Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

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University/Academic

Tropical Soda Apple in Alabama (PDF | 911 KB)
Alabama Cooperative Extension System.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion

Tropical Soda Apple
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. West Florida Research & Education Center.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Distribution

TAME Tropical Soda Apple
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. TAME Invasives Portal.
Species of Concern; Contacts; Publications; Controls; Research

Tropical Soda Apple Best Management Practices - South Florida and Tropical Soda Apple Best Management Practices - North Florida
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
Controls

Tropical Soda Apple - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Tropical Soda Apple - Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth
Mississippi State University. GeoResources Institute.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

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International

Solanum viarum - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Weed Alert: Tropical Soda Apple
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Solanum viarum (shrub) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Solanum viarum
Discover Life.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Solanum viarum - Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas (PDF | 61 KB)
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution

Wanted: Stop The Spread Tropical Soda Apple (PDF | 139 KB)
Georgia Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls

Tropical soda apple
Guide to Invasive Plants of the Galveston Bay Area.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Solanum viarum
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Solanum viarum
Texasinvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Tropical Soda Apple Task Force
Regional Tropical Soda Apple Task Force.
Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls; Legal Aspects

Citations

Waggy, M.A. 2009. Solanum viarum. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
 
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