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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Tropical Soda Apple
Species Profiles

Tropical Soda Apple

Tropical Soda AppleScientific name: Solanum viarum Dunal (ITIS)

Common name: Tropical soda apple

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Selected Resources

Native To: South America (Waggy 2009)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in 1988 (Waggy 2009)

Means of Introduction: Probably through contaminated seed or other agricultural products (Waggy 2009)

Impact: Crowds out native species and forage for livestock (Waggy 2009)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Federally Regulated:

  • Noxious Weeds Program
    USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.
    Includes species listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit.



Selected Resources:

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Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S. - Fact Sheet:
Solanum viarum

USDA. APHIS. PPQ. Center for Plant Health Science and Technology; California Department of Food and Agriculture.

Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) - Solanum viarum
USDA. FS. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Tropical Soda Apple
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Texas Invasives Database - Solanum viarum

Invasive Species Compendium - Solanum viarum
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Solanum viarum (shrub)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) - Solanum viarum
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Solanum viarum
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Tropical Soda Apple
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

Weed Alert: Tropical Soda Apple
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).

Tropical Soda Apple
Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries (Australia).


Tropical Soda Apple
Alabama Forestry Commission.

Tropical Soda Apple
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Plant Industry.

Tropical Soda Apple (Solanum viarum Dunal) Identification and Control (May 2004; PDF | 127 KB)
Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce.


Tropical Soda Apple in Alabama (PDF | 911 KB)
Alabama Cooperative Extension System.

Tropical Soda Apple
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

TAME Tropical Soda Apple
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. TAME Invasives Portal.

Plant Profile: Solanum viarum
University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth - Tropical Soda Apple
Mississippi State University. GeoResources Institute.


Wanted: Stop The Spread Tropical Soda Apple (PDF | 139 KB)
Georgia Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey.

Tropical soda apple
Guide to Invasive Plants of the Galveston Bay Area.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Solanum viarum. [Accessed Mar 22, 2015].

Waggy, M.A. 2009. Solanum viarum. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Nov 19, 2015
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