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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Japanese Stiltgrass
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Species Profiles

Japanese Stiltgrass

Japanese stiltgrass - Invasive.org

Scientific name: Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) Camus

Synonyms: Andropogon vimineum Trin., Eulalia viminea (Trin.) Kuntze

Common names: Japanese stiltgrass, Nepalese browntop, Chinese packing grass, Asian stilt grass, annual jewgrass, bamboograss, Nepal microstegium, eulalia, Mary's grass

Click image to enlarge

Field Guide To The Identification of Japanese Stiltgrass: With comparisons to other look-a-like species (Dec 2012)
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Bugwood Blog.
Prepared by: Alabama Cooperative Extension System. ANR-1457.
This publication provides descriptions and clear pictures of key characteristics as well as details on how to distinguish several common look-a-like species.

Native To: Asia (Fryer 2011)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in 1919 (Morrison et al. 2007)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Video: New England Wild Flower Society - Identifying Japanese Stiltgrass (or click Play button below)

Means of Introduction: Probably introduced as packing material in shipments from China (Fryer 2011)

Impact: Can grow in a variety of habitats where it forms dense stands and crowds out native species (Fryer 2011)

Current U.S. Distribution:

U.S. States and U.S. National Parks Where Reported Invasive: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States map

Management Plans: Plants

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Microstegium vimineum
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Microstegium vimineum Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research

Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

Japanese Stiltgrass - Weed of the Week (May 25, 2004; PDF | 138 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Microstegium vimineum - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Nepalese Browntop - A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests
USDA. FS. Southern Research Station.; Bugwood Wiki.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Plant Profile for Microstegium vimineum - PLANTS Database
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Illustrations; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Japanese Stilt Grass - Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas (2002)
DOI. National Park Service and Fish and Wildlife Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

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State Government

Invasive Species: Japanese Stiltgrass (May 2010; PDF | 521 KB)
Missouri Department of Conservation.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

New Jersey Non-Native Plants: Japanese Stiltgrass (Oct 2008; PDF | 109 KB)
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Controls

Microstegium vimineum - Invasive Species Leaflet No. 4 (Mar 2010; PDF | 150 KB)
North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. North Carolina Forest Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls

Japanese stiltgrass, Nepalese browntop
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Invasive Exotic Plant Tutorial for Natural Lands Managers.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Controls; Special Note: Species Management and Control Information

Japanese Stilt Grass Alert
Arlington, Virginia. Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Resources.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Controls

Japanese Stilt Grass - Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia (PDF | 105 KB)
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Natural Heritage Program; Virginia Native Plant Society.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Japanese Stilt Grass (Microstegium vimineum)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Controls

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University/Academic

Microstegium vimineum (Japanese Stilt Grass) - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

Japanese Stilt Grass - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts

Predictive Model of Invasive Species Spread (Microstegium)
Indiana University.
Introduction History; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Japanese Stilt Grass - Indiana's Most Unwanted Invasive Plant Pests
Purdue University (Indiana). Indiana Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS) Program.
Photographs; Impacts; Distribution

Japanese Stilt Grass - Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin no. 2529
University of Maine Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Japanese Stilt Grass - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Stiltgrass, Japanese
North Carolina State University. Center for Turfgrass Environmental Research and Education.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Controls

Controlling Non-Native Invasive Plants in Ohio Forests: Japanese Stiltgrass (PDF | 374 KB)
Ohio State University. Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Annual Jewgrass, Basketgrass, Mary's Grass, or Microstegium - Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science.
Identification/Description; Photographs

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International

Microstegium vimineum - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Microstegium vimineum (grass) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Invasive Exotics: Japanese Stiltgrass (PDF | 216 KB)
Bowman's Hill Wildflower Preserve (Pennsylvania).
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Japanese Stiltgrass (PDF | 119 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Japanese Stiltgrass: Target Invasive Species (PDF | 130 KB)
D&R Greenway Land Trust (New Jersey).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Habitat; Controls

Japanese Stilt Grass - New Invasive Plants of the Midwest Fact Sheet (PDF | 193 KB)
Midwest Invasive Plant Network.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Japanese Stiltgrass
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Japanese Grass or Eulalia - Southeast Exotic Pest Council Invasive Plant Manual
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Habitat; Controls

Citations

Fryer, J.L. 2011. Microstegium vimineum. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

Morrison, J.A., Lubchansky, H.A., Mauck, K.E., McCartney, K., and B. Dunn. 2007. Ecological comparison of two co-invasive species in eastern deciduous forests: Alliaria petiolata and Microstegium vimineum. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 134(1):1-17.

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Last Modified: Feb 19, 2014
 
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