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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Spotted Knapweed
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Species Profiles

Spotted Knapweed

Spotted KnapweedScientific name: Centaurea stoebe L. subsp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek

Synonyms: Centaurea biebersteinii auct., Centaurea maculosa auct. Amer., Centaurea maculosa subsp. micranthos Gugler (basionym)

Common name: Spotted knapweed

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Europe (Zouhar 2001)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Late 1800s (Zouhar 2001)

Means of Introduction: Accidentally through contaminated seed or ballast (Zouhar 2001)

Impact: Crowds out native species and forage for livestock (Zouhar 2001)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Images:

Video:

  • Spotted Knapweed (or select Play button below)
    DOI. National Park Service. Great Lakes Restoration Initiative. (YouTube)

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Spotted Knapweed - Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas (2002)
DOI. National Park Service and Fish and Wildlife Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Controls

Centaurea biebersteinii DC. (Spotted Knapweed) - Noxious and Nuisance Plant Management Information System (PMIS)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution

Centaurea stoebe Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Centaurea stoebe L.subsp. micranthos - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy

Spotted Knotweed - Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States (Aug 2002)
BugwoodWiki.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.

Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Biology and Biological Control of Knapweed (Apr 2005, 3rd Ed; PDF | 2.85 MB)
USDA. FS. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.
FHTET-2001-07
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Centaurea maculosa - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Spotted Knapweed - Weed of the Week (Mar 15, 2006; PDF | 194 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

PLANTS Database - Spotted Knapweed
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Illustrations; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Centaurea maculosa - An Assessment of Exotic Plant Species of Rocky Mountain National Park
DOI. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.
Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

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State Government

Centaurea genus - EncycloWeedia
California Department of Food and Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Spotted Knapweed
Colorado Department of Agriculture. Noxious Weed Management Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Spotted Knapweed - Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia (PDF | 89 KB)
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Natural Heritage Program; Virginia Native Plant Society.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Class B Noxious Weed: Spotted Knapweed
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Spotted Knapweed
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Distribution; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: Scientific review and assessment (PDF | 64 KB)

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University/Academic

Spotted knapweed - Invasive Plant Species of Alaska (PDF | 148 KB)
University of Alaska - Anchorage. Alaska Natural Heritage Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Controls

Diffuse and Spotted Knapweed
Colorado State University. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Spotted Knapweed - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Centaurea maculosa (Spotted Knapweed)
University of Massachusetts - Boston. Biology Department. Conservation New England.
Identification/Description; Photograph; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Special Note: Animation of the spread of Spotted Knapweed across Massachusetts over time

Spotted and Diffuse Knapweed - Noxious Weeds of Nebraska
University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Spotted Knapweed Wanted Poster--Dead, Not Alive! (PDF | 163 KB)
University of Nevada - Reno. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs

Spotted Knapweed - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Know Your Knapweeds (PDF | 153 KB) and Spotted Knapweed
North Dakota State University. Extension Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Controls

Spotted Knapweed - Ohio Perennial & Biennial Weed Guide
Ohio State University. Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History

Spotted Knapweed (PDF | 167 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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International

Spotted Knapweed - Guide to Weeds in British Columbia
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture Food and Fisheries (Canada).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Centaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Weed Profile: Knapweed
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Spotted Knapweed - Aliens Among Us
Royal British Columbia Museum (Canada).
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Centaurea biebersteinii (herb) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Spotted Knapweed
Colorado Weed Management Association.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

Centaurea biebersteinii
Discover Life.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Spotted Knapweed
Montana Weed Control Association.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls

Spotted Knapweed - BioBullies (PDF | 746 KB) (Western Pennsylvania)
Natural Biodiversity.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Spotted Knapweed
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Citations

Zouhar, K. 2001. Centaurea maculosa. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
 
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