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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Scotch Broom
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Species Profiles

Scotch Broom

Scotch BroomScientific name: Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link

Common names: Scotch broom, broomtops, common broom, European broom, Irish broom, English broom

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Europe and North Africa (Zouhar 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1800s (Zouhar 2005)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Video: Roberts High School, Salem, Oregon - Scotch Broom (or click Play button below)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental or possibly as livestock fodder (Mack 2003; Zouhar 2005)

Impact: Forms dense stands which crowd out native species and destroy wildlife habitat (Zouhar 2005)

Current U.S. Distribution:

U.S. States and U.S. National Parks Where Reported Invasive: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States map

Management Plans: Plants / Brooms

Selected Internet Resources

Federal Government

Setaceous scoparius
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Cytisus scoparius Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Cytisus scoparius - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

Plant Profile for Cytisus scoparius - PLANTS Database
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Scotch Broom - Weed of the Week (Nov 13, 2006; PDF | 71 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Cytisus scoparius, C. striatus - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

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State Government

Brooms - EncycloWeedia
California Department of Food and Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Scotch Broom (PDF | 211 KB)
State of California. Plumas County. Plumas-Sierra Noxious Weeds Management Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Life Cycle; Controls

Scotch broom
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Plant Division. Noxious Weed Control.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Scotch broom
State of Washington. Stevens County Noxious Weed Control Board.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Controls

Integrated Pest Management Prescription: Scotch Broom (Jul 2009; PDF | 721 KB)
State of Washington. Thurston County Noxious Weed Control Agency.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Controls

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University/Academic

Cytisus scoparius - Invasive Plant Species of Alaska (PDF | 172 KB)
University of Alaska - Anchorage. Alaska Natural Heritage Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Cytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Scotch Broom - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Biology, Ecology, and Management of Scotch Broom (Dec 2010; PDF | 3.03 MB)
Montana State University. Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Scotch Broom - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Scotch Broom (PNW 103) (Revised Jul 2008; PDF | 692 KB)
Oregon State University. Extension and Experiment Station.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Controls

Cytisus scoparius fact sheet
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Dendrology.
Identification/Description; Photographs

Class B Noxious Weed: Scotch Broom
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

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International

Cytisus scoparius - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Broom
Environment Bay of Plenty Regional Council (New Zealand).
Identification/Description; Photograph; Impacts, Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Vancouver Island & British Columbia Mainland's Grassroots Scotch Broom Containment Campaign - BroomBusters
Broombusters Invasive Plant Society (Canada).
Controls

English Broom - Information Notes
Victoria Department of Primary Industries (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Scotch Broom Cytisus scoparius L. in British Columbia (PDF | 9.52 MB)
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service. Pacific Forestry Centre.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Cytisus scoparius (shrub) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Cytisus scoparius - Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands Book (2000)
California Invasive Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Cytisus scoparius
Discover Life.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Scotch Broom
Montana Weed Control Association.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Dispersion

Cytisus scoparius
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution

Citations

Mack, R.N. 2003. Plant naturalizations and invasions in the eastern United States: 1634-1860. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 90(1): 77-90.

Zouhar, K. 2005. Cytisus scoparius, C. striatus. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Mar 22, 2014
 
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