Random invasive species images that represents what NISIC does
USDA.gov NAL NISIC Sudden oak death Formosan subterranean termite Yellow star thistle Giant African snail Cactus moth Purple loosestrife
HomeAbout National Invasive Species Information Center (NISIC)News and EventscouncilHelpContact Us
 Search the National Invasive Species Information Center
Search all USDA
Advanced Search
Search Tips
Browse by Geography
United States
Browse by Subject
Aquatic Species
Economic Impacts
Laws and Regulations
Manager's Tool Kit
Resource Library
You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Russian Olive
Species Profiles

Russian Olive

Russian OliveScientific name: Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (ITIS)

Common names: Russian olive, oleaster

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (Zouhar 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Exact date unknown; was introduced to the central and western U.S. by the early 1900s (Zouhar 2005)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as a horticultural plant (Zouhar 2005)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Zouhar 2005)

Current U.S. Distribution:

  • Invasive Species Maps
    USDA. FS. Northern Research Station.
    Maps are organized for 43 invasive plant species into five categories: trees, shrubs, vines, herbs, and grasses. Select the desired species to view the distribution information for northern states.
  • Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Russian Olive
    University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
    Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Maps can be downloaded and shared.



  • YouTube - Russian Olive
    Google. YouTube; University of Wyoming Extension. Sustainable Management of Rangeland Resources Initiative Team.

Selected Resources:

Back to Top


Invasive Plants of Ohio: Fact Sheet 7 - Autumn-Olive and Russian-Olive (PDF | 213 KB)
Ohio Invasive Plants Council.
Included as one of the worst invasive plant species in Ohio's natural areas; for others see Invasive Plants of Ohio.

Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands - Elaeagnus angustifolia
California Invasive Plant Council.
Bossard, C.C., J.M. Randall, and M.C. Hoshovsky (Editors). 2000. Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press. Berkeley, CA.


Texas Invasives Database - Elaeagnus angustifolia

Invasive Species Compendium - Elaeagnus angustifolia
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Elaeagnus angustifolia (shrub, tree)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) - Elaeagnus angustifolia
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Elaeagnus angustifolia
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Russian Olive
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.


Noxious Weed Species - Russian Olive
Colorado Department of Agriculture. Conservation Services Division. Noxious Weed Program.

Russian Olive
Missouri Department of Conservation.

Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Russian Olive and Autumn Olive (PDF | 223 KB)
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Weed Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States: Russian-olive (2013; PDF | 217 KB)
University of California. Weed Research and Information Center.

Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) - Russian olive, Oleaster
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Autumn Olive / Russian Olive
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
See also: Maine Invasive Plants & Entire Series for entire series of 22 fact sheets and invasive plants brochure (available in HTML/PDF or for purchase)

Russian Olive - Weeds of Nebraska (PDF | 1.51 MB)
University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Cooperative Extension.

Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast - Russian Olive
North Carolina State University. Cooperative Extension. Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Russian Olive
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Autumn Olive and Russian Olive (PDF | 164 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.


The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Russian Olive
Galveston Bay Estuary Program (Texas).

Noxious Weed Information - Russian Olive (B List)
Colorado Weed Management Association.

Russian Olive
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Elaeagnus angustifolia. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Zouhar, K. 2005. Elaeagnus angustifolia. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

Back to Top
Last Modified: May 18, 2016
Bookmark and Share
I Want To
    Read Recent News Articles
    Find Management Plans
    Locate Images
    Find Experts

More ...

    Species Profiles
    Discussion Groups
    Economic Impacts
    Educational Resources
    Image Galleries
    Frequently Asked Questions
    What You Can Do
Media Help
 To view PDF files, you must have Adobe® Acrobat® installed on your computer.

To view multimedia files, you must have Adobe® Flash® installed on your computer.

 NISIC Home | NAL Home | USDA | AgNIC | Agricultural Research Service | Web Policies and Important Links | Site Map
FOIA | Accessibility Statement| Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement | Information Quality | USA.gov | White House