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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Russian Olive
Species Profiles

Russian Olive

Russian OliveScientific name: Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (ITIS)

Common names: Russian olive, oleaster

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Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (Zouhar 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Exact date unknown; was introduced to the central and western U.S. by the early 1900s (Zouhar 2005)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as a horticultural plant (Zouhar 2005)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Zouhar 2005)

Current U.S. Distribution:

  • Invasive Species Maps
    USDA. FS. Northern Research Station.
    Maps are organized for 43 invasive plant species into five categories: trees, shrubs, vines, herbs, and grasses. Select the desired species to view the distribution information for northern states.
  • Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Russian Olive
    University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
    Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Maps can be downloaded and shared.



  • Russian Olive (or select Play button below)
    University of Wyoming Extension. Sustainable Management of Rangeland Resources Initiative Team. (YouTube).

Selected Resources:

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Invasive Plants of Ohio: Fact Sheet 7 - Autumn-Olive and Russian-Olive (PDF | 213 KB)
Ohio Invasive Plants Council.
Included as one of the worst invasive plant species in Ohio's natural areas; for others see Invasive Plants of Ohio.

Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands - Elaeagnus angustifolia
California Invasive Plant Council.
Bossard, C.C., J.M. Randall, and M.C. Hoshovsky (Editors). 2000. Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press. Berkeley, CA.


Texas Invasives Database - Elaeagnus angustifolia

Invasive Species Compendium - Elaeagnus angustifolia
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Elaeagnus angustifolia (shrub, tree)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) - Elaeagnus angustifolia
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Elaeagnus angustifolia
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Russian Olive
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.


Russian Olive - Best Management Practices Weed Profile (PDF | 302 KB)
Colorado State Parks.

Russian Olive
Missouri Department of Conservation.

Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Russian Olive and Autumn Olive (PDF | 223 KB)
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Weed Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States: Russian-olive (2013; PDF | 217 KB)
University of California. Weed Research and Information Center.

Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) - Russian olive, Oleaster
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Autumn Olive / Russian Olive - Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin no. 2525
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.

Russian Olive - Weeds of Nebraska (PDF | 1.51 MB)
University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Cooperative Extension.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Russian Olive
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Autumn Olive and Russian Olive (PDF | 164 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.


Russian Olive
Colorado Weed Management Association.

Russian Olive
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Elaeagnus angustifolia. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Zouhar, K. 2005. Elaeagnus angustifolia. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Oct 01, 2015
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