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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Russian Olive
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Species Profiles

Russian Olive

Russian OliveScientific name: Elaeagnus angustifolia L.

Common names: Russian olive, oleaster

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Eurasia (Zouhar 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Exact date unknown; was introduced to the central and western U.S. by the early 1900s (Zouhar 2005)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as a horticultural plant (Zouhar 2005)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Zouhar 2005)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Images:

Video:

  • Russian Olive (or select Play button below)
    University of Wyoming Extension. Sustainable Management of Rangeland Resources Initiative Team. (YouTube).

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Elaeagnus angustifolia
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Elaeagnus angustifolia Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Elaeagnus angustifolia - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Russian Olive - Weed of the Week (Mar 10, 2005; PDF | 108 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection. Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Elaeagnus angustifolia - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Russian Olive - A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests
USDA. FS. Southern Research Station.; Bugwood Wiki.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Controls

History, Biology, Ecology, Suppression and Revegetation of Russian-Olive Sites (Apr 2002; PDF | 217 KB)
USDA. Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

PLANTS Database - Russian Olive
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Legal Aspects

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State Government

Russian Olive - Best Management Practices Weed Profile (PDF | 302 KB)
Colorado State Parks.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Russian Olive
Colorado Department of Agriculture. Noxious Weed Management Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Autumn-Olive and Russian Olive - Invasive Plants of Ohio
Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Natural Areas and Preserves.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Elaeagnus angustifolia, Russian olive
Oklahoma Biological Survey.
Identification/Description; Habitat; Distribution

Russian Olive and Autumn Olive
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Invasive Exotic Plant Tutorial for Natural Lands Managers.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Special Note: Species Management and Control Information

Autumn Olive and Russian Olive - Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia (PDF | 100 KB)
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Natural Heritage Program; Virginia Native Plant Society.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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University/Academic

Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive, Oleaster) - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Russian-Olive
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Distribution

Autumn Olive / Russian Olive - Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin no. 2525
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian Olive)
University of Massachusetts - Boston. Biology Department. Conservation New England.
Distribution; Special Note: Animation of the spread of Russian olive across Massachusetts over time

Russian Olive - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Autumn Olive and Russian Olive (PDF | 164 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Elaeagnus angustifolia
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Dendrology.
Identification/Description; Photographs

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International

Elaeagnus angustifolia - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Elaeagnus angustifolia (shrub, tree) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Elaeagnus angustifolia - Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands Book (2000)
California Invasive Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Russian Olive
Colorado Weed Management Association.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

Elaeagnus angustifolia
Discover Life.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Russian Olive
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls

Elaeagnus angustifolia
Texasinvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Citations

Zouhar, K. 2005. Elaeagnus angustifolia. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
 
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