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Publications

General Publications and Reports

Provides a list of reports, papers, and other online publications dealing with invasive plants. See Resource Library - General Publications and Reports for general resources and other species.

Federal Government

A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests (2010) / Web Version
USDA. Forest Service. Southern Research Station.
Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-119; previous version - Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests: A Field Guide for Identification and Control (2003). See below for companion guide (A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern Forests).

A Guide to Nonnative Invasive Plants Inventoried in the north by Forest Inventory and Analysis (Sep 2009)
USDA. Forest Service.
Publication General Technical Report NRS-52.
The intent of this guide is to aid Forest Inventory and Analysis field staff in identifying 44 invasive plant species in the 24-state Northern Research Station region (Maine south to Delaware west to Kansas and north to North Dakota). However, this guide can be used by anyone interested in learning about these invasive plants.

A Homeowner's Guide to Preventing the Introduction and Spread of Invasive Plants in Georgia: You Can Make a Difference in Your Backyard (Jan 2011; PDF | 1.6 MB)
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern Forests (Nov 2010) / Web Version
USDA. Forest Service. Southern Research Station
Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-119
Provides homeowners, gardeners, land managers and others information on controlling and removing invasive plants in the South. The guide provides information on developing strategies for controlling 56 of the most pervasive invasive species in the South. See above for companion guide (A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests).

A National Early Detection and Rapid Response System for Invasive Plants in the United States: Conceptual Design (Sep 2003; PDF | 3.43 MB)
Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds.

Assessing the Invasive Plant Issue (Fall 2004; PDF | 4.6 MB)
DOI. National Park Service.
Park Science
22(2).

Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States (Aug 2002)
BugwoodWiki.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.

Controlling Exotic Plants In Your Forest
Bugwood Network.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Southern Research Station. James H. Miller.

Co-occurence of Invasive Species on Priority TES Installations (May 2006; PDF | 835 KB)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center.
ERDC/CERL-TR-06-12.

Exotic Plant Management Team: Annual Report -- FY 2002 (PDF | 6.8 MB)
DOI. National Park Service. Natural Resource Program Center. Biological Resource Management Division.

Field Survey of Growth and Colonization of Nonnative Trees on Mainland Alaska (PDF | 3 MB)
USDA. Forest Service.
General Technical Report PNW-GTR-664.

Final Environmental Impact Statement for Integrated Treatment of Noxious and Invasive Weeds: Coconino, Kaibab, and Prescott National Forests within Coconino, Gila, Mojave, and Yavapai Counties, Arizona (Jan 2005; PDF | 5.4 MB)
USDA. FS. Southwestern Region.

Improved Native Grasses and Establishment Methods for Use on Military Training Lands (Oct 2003; PDF | 1 MB)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center.
ERDC/CRREL Technical Report 03-20

Invasive and Exotic Plant Species Playbook (PDF | 222 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area.

Invasive Plants Established in the United States that are Found in Asia and Their Associated Natural Enemies (Vol 1; 2nd Ed) (Mar 2006; PDF | 7.1 MB)
USDA. FS. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.
FHTET-2004-05

Invasive Plants Field and Reference Guide: An Ecological Perspective of Plant Invaders of Forests and Woodlands (2005) and Supplement 1 (Jul 2006)
USDA. Forest Service. Northeaster Area State & Private Forestry.
NA-TP-05-04.

Invasive Plants of the Eastern United States: Identification and Control (2003)
University of Georgia; USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine; USDA. FS. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.

Invasive Saltcedar and Russian Olive Trees Consume Similar Amounts of Water as Native Cottonwoods and Willows, Wildlife Effects Mixed (Apr 28, 2010)
DOI. USGS. Fort Collins Science Center.
According to the report, Saltcedar and Russian Olive Control Demonstration Act Science Assessment, non-native saltcedar and Russian olive trees that have spread along streams and water bodies in the West may not be as detrimental to wildlife and water availability as believed. Scientists conducted a review of the scientific literature to assess the existing state of the science on the distribution and spread, water consumption, and control methods for saltcedar (also called tamarisk) and Russian olive. One notable finding is that native trees such as cottonwoods and willows along western rivers typically consume as much water as non-native saltcedar and Russian olive.

Invasive Species: Cooperation and Coordination Are Important for Effective Management of Invasive Weeds (Feb 25, 2005)
Government Accountability Office.
Report to Chairman, Committee on Resources, House of Representatives, GAO-05-185
Weed management in the five states reviewed: California, Colorado, Idaho, Maryland, and Mississippi

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Invasive Species Technical Notes (Montana)
USDA. NRCS. Montana.
Includes many invasive plant management resources.

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.
Prepared by: DOI. FWS. Chesapeake Bay Field Office.
You can also view the plants at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center's Native Plants Database which has additional photos and information for individual plants.

Native Plants for Your Backyard (PDF | 97 KB)
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Joint Service publication may be useful to those involved with outreach/education concerning invasive plants, those representing the nursery industry, and just for general information. This two page fact sheet lists shrubs, trees, vines, wildflowers, and grasses appealing to wildlife.

Native Plant Guides
DOI. FWS. Chesapeake Bay Field Office.

New Invaders of the Northwest (Jun 2010; PDF | 14 MB)
USDA. FS. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. FHTET-2009-04.
The purpose of this guide is to help land users recognize new invasive plants early on, before they become large and expensive problems. This hands-on field guide focuses on 62 newly invasive species not yet widely distributed throughout the Northwest. Each species is highlighted with multiple photos and descriptions emphasizing key identification traits, typical habitat, current distribution, and ways to distinguish it from look-alike species. The guide includes weed hotline numbers for those states with such programs in place, so that new infestations can be reported and treated immediately.
Note: Print copy may be available from FHTET, contact Lisa Cress at lcress@fs.fed.us (1 copy per request).

Nonnative Invasive Plants of Pacific Coast Forests: A Field Guide for Identification (May 2011; PDF | 12.7 MB) / Press Release: Beautiful, But Problematic, Nonnative Invasive Plants Identified in Field Guide (Jul 13, 2011)
USDA. FS. Pacific Northwest Research Station.
This new field guide is a concise and well-illustrated field guide for novice botanists and managers alike. The 91-page color guide provides detail on each plant in nontechnical language and photos of different stages of plant development are included to allow reliable identification in the field at different times of the year. Information was synthesized from various national, regional, and state lists, assessments, and botanical guides. The field guide covers California, Oregon, and Washington.

Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests: A Field Guide for Identification and Control (2010)/ Web Version
USDA. Forest Service. Southern Research Station.
Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-119; previous version - Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests: A Field Guide for Identification and Control (2003)

Noxious, Invasive, and Alien Plant Species: A Challenge in Wetland Restoration & Enhancement (Mar 2007; PDF | 6 MB)
USDA. NRCS. Wetland Science Institute.
Technical Note No. 190–72

Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas (2002)
DOI. National Park Service and Fish and Wildlife Service.

Report on the Workshop on New Grass Germplasms and Invasive Weed Control (Oct 2002; PDF | 1.4 MB)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center.
ERDC/CRREL Special Report 02-2

Report to the Government of the Cook Islands on Invasive Plant Species of Environmental Concern (Nov 8, 2002; PDF | 1.7 MB)
USDA. FS. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.

Stemming the Invasive Tide: Forest Service Strategy for Noxious and Nonnative Invasive Plant Management (1998; PDF | 984 KB)
USDA. Forest Service.

The Nature of Roadsides and The Tools to Work With It (2003)
USDA. NAL. National Invasive Species Information Center
Published by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Publication FHWA-EP-03-005.

Western Rangeland Noxious Weeds: Collecting, Sharing and Using Information (Sep 2001; PDF | 380 KB)
USDA. NAL. National Invasive Species Information Center.
Proceedings from a Workshop, Phoenix Arizona, Sep 6-7, 2000. Published by the Charles Valentine Riley Memorial Foundation in collaboration with the U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Department of Agriculture. NTIS number - PB2001-107838

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems: Fire and Nonnative Invasive Plants (Sep 2008)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station.
RMRS-GTR-42, vol. 6.
This state-of-knowledge review of information on relationships between wildland fire and nonnative invasive plants can assist fire managers and other land managers concerned with prevention, detection, and eradication or control of nonnative invasive plants.

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State Government

Resources

  • Invasive Species Publications (Aquatic and Terrestrial)
    Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
  • Publications (Educational publications - booklets, pamphlets, tri-foldes, information sheets)
    Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.

Mistaken Identity? Invasive Plants and their Native Look-alikes: an Identification Guide for the Mid-Atlantic (Nov 2008; PDF | 7 MB)
New York Botanical Garden.
Published by the Delaware Department of Agriculture in collaboration with Claude E. Phillips Herbarium at Delaware State University and Delaware Center for Horticulture.
This publication is a full-color, 62-page booklet. The purpose of the work is to facilitate correct identification of confusingly similar invasive and native plant species. Targeted at land managers, gardeners, conservationists, and all others interested in plants, this booklet covers over 20 invasive species and their native look-alikes.

Ranking Invasive Exotic Plant Species in Virginia (Jun 2001; PDF | 2.42 MB)
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Natural Heritage.
Natural Heritage Technical Report 01-13.

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University/Academic

Resources

An Illustrated Guide to Arizona Weeds
University of Arizona.

Invasive Plant Management: CIPM Invasive Plant Online Textbook
Montana State University. Center for Invasive Species Management.
Contributions from leading researchers. Covers ecological theory, inventory, monitoring, impacts, prevention, wildfire, and case studies.

Invasive Plant Resource Guide (2005)
Montana State University. Center for Invasive Species Management.

Fading Forests II Trading Away North America's Natural Heritage (PDF | 2.0 MB)
University of Tennessee. Forestry, Wildlife, and Fisheries.
Faith Thompson Campbell, American Lands Alliance and Scott E. Schlarbaum (2002, updated from 1994 report)
Note: To obtain CD version of report, please send $6 (U.S.) to at American Lands Alliance, 726 7th Street, S.E. Washington, D.C. 20003

How Scientists Obtain Approval to Release Organisms for Classical Biological Control of Invasive Weeds (May 2005; PDF | 283 KB)
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Florida Cooperative Extension Service. Department of Entomology and Nematology.

Invasive Plant Resource Guide: A Big Book for a Big Problem (2005)
Montana State University. Center for Invasive Species Management.

Inventory and Survey Methods for Nonindigenous Plant Species - MSU Extension Publication EB0171 (Sep 2006)
Edited by L. Rew and M. Pokorny, the book is co-published by Montana State University Extension and the Center for Invasive Plant Management. Provides practical information on inventory and survey methods for sites of any size, staffing level, or budget. $20 each, including postage and handling; bulk discounts are available. orderpubs@montana.edu

Pacific Northwest's Least Wanted List: Invasive Weed Identification and Management, EC 1563 (2003; PDF | 517 KB) (preview and ordering information)
Oregon State University. Extension Service.

The Role of Wildfire in the Establishment and Range Expansion of Nonnative Plant Species into Natural Areas (2006; PDF | 503 KB)
Montana State University. Center for Invasive Species Management.

Weeds of Hawai'i’s Pastures and Natural Areas; An Identification and Management Guide (2003)
University of Hawai'i at Manoa. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources.

Weed Science Publications
University of Wisconsin. Integrated Pest and Crop Management.

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International

Biofuel Crops and the Use of Non-Native Species: Mitigating the Risks of Invasion (May 2008; PDF | 112 KB)
Global Invasive Species Programme.
GISP has a set of recommended actions for consideration by those developing biofuels and has identified a list of potentially invasive species that are being considered as biofuel feedstocks.

Canadian Plant Disease Survey 2004 (PDF | 776 KB)
Canadian Phytopathological Society.

Field Guide to Noxious and Other Selected Weeds of British Columbia (2002)
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Fisheries (Canada).

Guide to Weeds in British Columbia (2002; PDF | 5.5 MB)
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Fisheries (Canada).

Invasive Plants of Natural Habitats in Canada: An Integrated Review of Wetland and Upland Species and Legislation Governing their Control (1999; PDF | 626 KB)
Environment Canada. Canadian Wildlife Service.

Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds (2003; PDF | 1 MB)
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Research Branch.

Jumping the Garden Fence: Invasive Garden Plants in Australia and Their Environmental and Agricultural Impacts (Feb 2005; PDF | 1.2 MB)
World Wildlife Fund Australia; Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation.

The Introduced Flora of Australia and Its Weed Status (Sep 2007; PDF | 3.18 MB) and Plant Search
CRC for Australian Weed Management.

The Status of Invasiveness of Forest Tree Species Outside Their Natural Habitat: A Global Review and Discussion Paper (Dec 2003)
UN. FAO. Forestry Department.

The Weeds Shall Inherit the Earth: Tallying the losses of Earth's animals and plants
WELL.
David Quammen, The Independent (London), Nov 22, 1998, pp 30-39

The Weedy Truth About Biofuels (Updated 2008)
Australia Invasive Species Council.

Western Weeds, A Guide to the Weeds of Western Australia - 2nd Edition(2007)
Weed Information.
Note: Book available for purchase.

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Organizations

Resources

An Invasive Species Assessment Protocol: Evaluating Non-Native Plants for Their Impact on Biodiversity (2004; PDF | 1 MB)
NatureServe Explorer.

Biofuel Feedstocks: The Risk of Future Invasions (Nov 2007)
Council for Agricultural Science and Technology.
Several candidate biofuel feedstock species being considered for commercial production in the United States are invasive pests in other regions where they have been introduced. This new CAST Commentary describes the potential risk of dedicated biofuel species becoming weedy or invasive and provides a process to quantify and minimize this risk.

Informational Resources on Invasive Plants with a Focus on New England (Apr 7, 2006; PDF | 85 KB)
Montana State University. Center for Invasive Species Management.
Compiled by the Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge for the New England Invasive Plant Group (NIPGro)

Invasive Plant Species (Feb 2000)
Council for Agricultural Science and Technology.
Issue Paper Number 13.

Growing Risk: Addessing the Invasive Potential of Bioenergy Feedstocks (Apr 4, 2012)
National Wildlife Federation.

Making a List: Prevention Strategies for Invasive Plants in the Great Lakes States (2004)
Environmental Law Institute.

Pennsylvania Field Guide - Common Invasive Plants in Riparian Areas (May 2004; PDF | 8.77 MB)
Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay.

Weeds in the Wild: Weed Management in Natural Areas (PDF | 493 KB)
Invasive.org.
Archive from the Nature Conservancy, Global Invasive Species Team.

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Last Modified: Mar 29, 2014
 
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