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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Princess Tree
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Species Profiles

Princess Tree

Princess tree - Invasive.orgScientific name: Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud.

Common names: Princess tree, empress tree, royal paulownia

Click image to enlarge

Native To: China (Longbrake and McCarthy 2001)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1840s (Longbrake and McCarthy 2001)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental (Innes 2009)

Impact: Grows and produces seeds rapidly, and displaces native species in disturbed areas (Innes 2009)

Current U.S. Distribution: Eastern U.S., Southern U.S., Midwest

U.S. States and U.S. National Parks Where Reported Invasive: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States map

Management Plans: Plants

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Paulownia tomentosa
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Paulownia tomentosa Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud. - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

Princess Tree - Invasive Plants of Asian Origin Established in the United States and Their Natural Enemies (2004; PDF | 568 KB)
USDA. Forest Service.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Controls

Princess Tree - Weed of the Week (Mar 8, 2005; PDF | 197 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Paulownia tomentosa - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Princesstree, Paulownia - A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests
USDA. FS. Southern Research Station.; Bugwood Wiki.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Dispersion; Controls

Plant Profile for Paulownia tomentosa - PLANTS Database
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Illustrations; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Princess Tree - Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas (2002)
DOI. National Park Service and Fish and Wildlife Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Paulownia tomentosa: Exotic Tree, Native Problem - Fire Science Brief (Jul 2010; PDF | 649 KB)
Joint Fire Science Program.
Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Dispersion

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State Government

Princess-tree
Alabama Forestry Commission.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Controls

Paulownia tomentosa - Invasive Species Leaflet No. 14 (Mar 2010; PDF | 209 KB)
North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. North Carolina Forest Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls

Princess-tree
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Invasive Exotic Plant Tutorial for Natural Lands Managers.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Dispersion; Special Note: Species Management and Control Information

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University/Academic

Paulownia tomentosa (Princess tree) - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Princesstree - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Invasive Plant Hit List: Paulownia - Kentucky Woodlands Magazine (Dec 2009; PDF | 1.15 MB)
University of Kentucky. Cooperative Extension Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Controls

Princess Tree - Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants
North Carolina State University. North Carolina Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Dispersion; Controls

Empress-tree, Princess-tree (PDF | 291 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Princess Tree
Purdue University. Indiana Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS) Program.
Photographs; Impacts; Distribution

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International

Paulownia tomentosa - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Paulownia tomentosa (tree) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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Organizations

Invader of the Month - Princess Tree (May 2007)
Maryland Invasive Species Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Paulownia tomentosa
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Princess Tree
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Princess Tree - Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Paulownia tomentosa
TexasInvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Citations

Innes, R.J. 2009. Paulownia tomentosa. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

Longbrake, A.C., and B.C. McCarthy. 2001. Biomass allocation and resprouting ability of princess tree (Paulownia tomentosa: Scrophulariaceae) across a light gradient. American Midland Naturalist 146(2):388-403.

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Last Modified: Apr 17, 2014
 
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