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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Brazilian Peppertree
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Species Profiles

Brazilian Peppertree

Brazilian pepper tree - Invasive.org

Scientific name: Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (ITIS)

Synonyms: Sarcotheca bahiensis Turcz., Schinus antiarthriticus Mart. ex Marchand, Schinus mellisii Engl., Schinus mucronulatus Mart., Rhus terebinthifolia Schlecht. & Cham.

Common names: Brazilian peppertree, Christmas berry, Florida holly, broad leaf pepper tree

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Selected Resources

Native To: South America (Hight et al. 2002)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1840s (Hight et al. 2002)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental (Hight et al. 2002)

Impacts: Forms dense, monospecific stands that crowd out native species; possibly produces chemicals that inhibit the growth of native species (Meyer 2011)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Images:

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Selected Resources:

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Council

Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands - Schinus terebinthifolius
California Invasive Plant Council.
Bossard, C.C., J.M. Randall, and M.C. Hoshovsky (Editors). 2000. Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press. Berkeley, CA

Partnership

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Brazilian Peppertree
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Texas Invasives Database - Schinus terebinthifolius
TexasInvasives.org.

Invasive Species Compendium - Schinus terebinthifolius
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Schinus terebinthifolius (tree)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Government

Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (Brazilian Peppertree) - Aquatic Plant Information System (APIS)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) - Schinus terebinthifolia
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.

Schinus terebinthifolius - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Brazillian Peppertree
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory - Schinus terebinthifolius
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.

Weed Profile: Broad-leaf pepper tree
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).

State

Weed Alert: Brazilian Pepper (PDF | 822 KB)
Florida Department of Environmental Protection. Bureau of Invasive Plant Management.

Academic

Weed Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States: Peppertrees (2013; PDF | 256 KB)
University of California. Weed Research and Information Center.

Brazilian pepper-tree - Schinus terebinthifolius
University of Florida. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.

Brazilian Pepper-tree, Schinus terebinthifolius
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

TAME Brazilian Pepper Tree
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. TAME Invasives Portal.

Brazilian Pepper-tree Control
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Schinus terebinthifolius - Weeds of Hawai'i's Pastures and Natural Areas; An Identification and Management Guide (2003; PDF | 240 KB)
University of Hawaii. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Brazilian Peppertree
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Professional

Brazilian peppertree
Guide to Invasive Plants of the Galveston Bay Area.

Schinus terebinthifolius
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.

Citations

Hight, S.D., J.P. Cuda, and J.C. Medal. 2002. Brazilian Peppertree. In: Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, West Virginia. FHTET-2002-04.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Schinus terebinthifolius. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Meyer, R. 2011. Schinus terebinthifolius. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Apr 17, 2015
 
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