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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Brazilian Peppertree
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Species Profiles

Brazilian Peppertree

Brazilian pepper tree - Invasive.org

Scientific name: Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi

Synonyms: Sarcotheca bahiensis Turcz., Schinus antiarthriticus Mart. ex Marchand, Schinus mellisii Engl., Schinus mucronulatus Mart., Rhus terebinthifolia Schlecht. & Cham.

Common names: Brazilian peppertree, Christmas berry, Florida holly, broad leaf pepper tree

Click image to enlarge

Native To: South America (Hight et al. 2002)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1840s (Hight et al. 2002)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental (Hight et al. 2002)

Impacts: Forms dense, monospecific stands that crowd out native species; possibly produces chemicals that inhibit the growth of native species (Meyer 2011)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Images:

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Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (Brazilian Peppertree) - Aquatic Plant Information System (APIS)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Schinus terebinthifolius Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research

Schinus terebinthifolia - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

Brazilian Peppertree - Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States (Aug 2002)
BugwoodWiki.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Schinus terebinthifolius (PDF | 129 KB)
USDA. FS. International Institute of Tropical Forestry.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Schinus terebinthifolius - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Brazilian Peppertree - A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests
USDA. FS. Southern Research Station.; Bugwood Wiki.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

PLANTS Database - Brazillian Peppertree
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Schinus terebinthifolius - Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

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State Government

Weed Alert: Brazilian Pepper (PDF | 822 KB)
Florida Department of Environmental Protection. Bureau of Invasive Plant Management.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Distribution

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University/Academic

Brazilian Peppertree - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Brazilian Pepper-tree, Schinus terebinthifolius
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Habitat

TAME Brazilian Pepper Tree
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. TAME Invasives Portal.
Species of Concern; Contacts; Publications; Controls; Research

Brazilian Pepper-tree Control
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Impacts; Controls

Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi - Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas (PDF | 85 KB)
University of Florida.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion

Schinus terebinthifolius - Weeds of Hawai'i's Pastures and Natural Areas; An Identification and Management Guide (2003; PDF | 240 KB)
University of Hawaii. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Brazilian Peppertree or Christmasberry - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Brazilian peppertree
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Department of Forestry.
Identification/Description; Photographs

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International

Schinus terebinthifolius - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Weed Profile: Broad-leaf pepper tree
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Schinus terebinthifolius (tree) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Schinus terebinthifolius - Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands Book (2000)
California Invasive Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Brazilian Pepper Management Plan for Florida (Apr 2006; PDF | 2.4 MB)
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Brazilian Pepper Task Force.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Brazilian peppertree
Guide to Invasive Plants of the Galveston Bay Area.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Schinus terebinthifolius - Comprehensive Report
NatureServe Explorer.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Schinus terebinthifolius
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Schinus terebinthifolius
TexasInvasives.org.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Citations

Hight, S.D., J.P. Cuda, and J.C. Medal. 2002. Brazilian Peppertree. In: Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, West Virginia. FHTET-2002-04.

Meyer, R. 2011. Schinus terebinthifolius. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
 
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