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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Garlic Mustard
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Species Profiles

Garlic Mustard

Garlic Mustard

Scientific name: Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande

Synonym: Alliaria officinalis Andrz. ex M. Bieb.

Common names: Garlic mustard, hedge garlic, sauce-alone, jack-by-the-hedge, poor man's mustard, jack-in-the-bush, garlic root, garlicwort, mustard root

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Europe (Munger 2001)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in 1868 (Munger 2001)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Videos:

Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control - Garlic Mustard

Controlling Garlic Mustard

Wisconsin Forest Projects - Stemming the Tide: Garlic Mustard ID & Control

Means of Introduction: Cultivated for food and medicinal use (Cavers et al. 1979)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Munger 2001)

Current U.S. Distribution:

U.S. States and U.S. National Parks Where Reported Invasive: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States map

Management Plans: Plants / Garlic Mustard

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Alliaria petiolata
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Alliaria petiolata Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Alliaria petiolata - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Garlic Mustard - Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States (Aug 2002)
BugwoodWiki.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.

Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Garlic Mustard - Pest Alert
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution

Garlic Mustard - Weed of the Week (Aug 1, 2005; PDF | 351 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Alliaria petiolata - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Garlic Mustard - A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests
USDA. FS. Southern Research Station.; Bugwood Wiki.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Garlic Mustard - Conservation Practice Job Sheet MN-797 (Jan 2007; PDF | 135 KB)
USDA. Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Plant Profile for Alliaria petiolata - PLANTS Database
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Garlic Mustard - Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas (2002)
DOI. National Park Service and Fish and Wildlife Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

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State Government

Garlic Mustard - Vegetation Management Manual
Illinois Nature Preserves Commission.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Garlic Mustard Control
Missouri Department of Conservation.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Garlic Mustard - Invasive Plants of Ohio
Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Natural Areas and Preserves.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Garlic Mustard - Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia (PDF | 88 KB)
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Natural Heritage Program; Virginia Native Plant Society.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Class A Noxious Weed: Garlic Mustard
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Garlic Mustard
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Control; Special Note: Scientific review and assessment (PDF | 74 KB)

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University/Academic

Garlic Mustard - Invasive Plant Species of Alaska (PDF | 118 KB)
University of Alaska - Anchorage. Alaska Natural Heritage Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Special Note: References

Alliaria petiolata (Garlic mustard) - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Garlic Mustard - Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin no. 2526
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Garlic Mustard
Michigan State University. Entomology.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Controls; Research

Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata) - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Garlic Mustard
Cornell University. Natural Resources. Ecology and Management of Invasive Plants Program.
Taxonomy; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Garlic mustard
Cornell University Cooperative Extension. New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Garlic Mustard - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Garlic Mustard - Ohio Perennial & Biennial Weed Guide
Ohio State University. Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle

Garlic Mustard Fact Sheet (PDF | 176 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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International

Alliaria petiolata - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Alliaria petiolata (herb) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Introduction History: Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Garlic Mustard - Invasive Exotics (PDF | 202 KB)
Bowman's Hill Wildflower Preserve (Pennsylvania).
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Alliaria petiolata
Discover Life.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Garlic Mustard - BioBullies (Western Pennsylvania)
Natural Biodiversity.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Garlic Mustard
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Alliaria petiolata
Texasinvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Garlic Mustard - Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle, Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Citations

Cavers, P.B., M.I. Heagy, and R.F. Kokron. 1979. The biology of Canadian weeds.: 35. Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara and Grande. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 59(1):217-229.

Munger, G.T. 2001. Alliaria petiolata. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Apr 16, 2014
 
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