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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Fig Buttercup
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Species Profiles

Fig Buttercup

Japanese stiltgrass - Invasive.org

Scientific name: Ficaria verna Huds. (formerly known as Ranunculus ficaria L.; name verified Jul 7, 2010)

Common names: Fig buttercup, lesser celandine

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Europe (Post et al. 2009)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First identified in 1867 (Post et al. 2009)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental (Post et al. 2009)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Axtell et al. 2010)

Current U.S. Distribution: Northeastern U.S. and Pacific Northwest

U.S. States and U.S. National Parks Where Reported Invasive: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States map

Management Plans: Plants

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Ranunculus ficaria L.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Ficaria verna Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Ficaria verna Huds. - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects; Special Note: Name change Jul 7, 2010 based on "A molecular phylogeny, morphology and classification of genera of Ranunculeae (Ranunculaceae)"

Lesser Celandine - Invasive Plants Field and Reference Guide (Jul 2006; PDF | 131 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat

Lesser Celandine - Weed of the Week (Mar 07, 2006; PDF | 206 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Plant Profile for Ranunculus ficaria - PLANTS Database
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Lesser Celandine - Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas (2002)
DOI. National Park Service and Fish and Wildlife Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

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State Government

Lesser celandine
Oregon Department of Agriculture. Plant Division. Noxious Weed Control.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Lesser Celandine
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Invasive Exotic Plant Tutorial for Natural Lands Managers.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Special Note: Species Management and Control Information

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University/Academic

Ranunculus ficaria (Fig buttercup, lesser celandine) - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

Greater and Lesser Celandine (PDF | 235 KB)
Cornell University. Landscape Horticulture Program Work Team.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Fig buttercup - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts

Lesser Celandine - Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin no. 2534
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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International

Ranunculus ficaria (herb) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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Organizations

Target Invasive Species: Lesser Celandine (PDF | 127 KB)
D&R Greenway Land Trust (New Jersey).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Invader of the Month - Lesser Celandine (Feb 2005)
Maryland Invasive Species Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Controls

Fact Sheet: Lesser Celandine (PDF | 136 KB)
Nature Conservancy in Oregon. Weed Watchers Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Lesser Celandine
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Citations

Axtell, A.E., A. DiTommaso, and A.R. Post. 2010. Lesser celandine (Ranunculus ficaria): a threat to woodland habitats in the northern United States and southern Canada. Invasive Plant Science and Management 3(2):199-196.

Post, A.R., A. Krings, W.A. Wall, and J.C Neal. 2009. Introduced lesser celandine (Ranunculus ficaria, Ranunculaceae) and its putative subspecies in the United States: a morphometric analysis (PDF | 1.56 MB) Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3(1):193-209.

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Last Modified: Apr 17, 2014
 
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