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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Downy Brome
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Species Profiles

Downy Brome

Downy BromeScientific name: Bromus tectorum L.

Common names: Downy brome, bronco grass, downy chess, drooping brome, June grass, early chess, military chess, cheatgrass

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Eurasia (University of Connecticut 2009)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1800s (University of Connecticut 2009)

Means of Introduction: Introduced accidentally through contaminated shipments (University of Connecticut 2009)

Impacts: Crowds out native grasses (Mosley et al. 1999); creates wildfire hazards (Colorado State Parks 2005)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Images:

Video:

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Bromus tectorum
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Bromus tectorum Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Bromus tectorum - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

Cheatgrass - Weed of the Week (May 2, 2005; PDF | 164 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection. Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Bromus tectorum - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

PLANTS Database - Cheatgrass
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Illustrations; Distribution; Legal Aspects; Special Note: Plant Guide - Cheatgrass (PDF | 110 KB)

What About Cheatgrass? - Resource Cards
DOE. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts

Bromus tectorum - An Assessment of Exotic Plant Species of Rocky Mountain National Park
DOI. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.
Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Bromus tectorum - Species Abstracts of Highly Disruptive Exotic Plants at at Scotts Bluff National Monument (Nebraska)
DOI. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.
Taxonomy; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

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State Government

Downy Brome (Cheatgrass) - Best Management Practices Weed Profile (PDF | 214 KB)
Colorado State Parks.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Cheatgrass
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Invasive Exotic Plant Tutorial for Natural Lands Managers.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Special Note: Species Management and Control Information

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University/Academic

Cheatgrass - Invasive Plant Species of Alaska (PDF | 164 KB)
University of Alaska - Anchorage. Alaska Natural Heritage Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Bromus tectorum - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Cheatgrass - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Cheatgrass: Identifiction, Biology, and Integrated Management (PDF | 388 KB)
Montana State University Extension.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Downy Brome Control
University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Distribution; Controls

A Homeowner's Guide to Cheatgrass (PDF | 126 KB)
University of Nevada - Reno. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Downy Brome (PDF | 278 KB)
Oregon State University Extension and Experiment Station.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Controls

Cheatgrass - Range Plants of Utah
Utah State University. Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Controls

Downy Brome - Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science.
Identification/Description; Photographs

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International

Control Options for Downy Brome on Prairie Reclamation Sites
Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development (Canada).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Cheatgrass - Guide to Weeds in British Columbia
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture Food and Fisheries (Canada).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Bromus tectorum - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Downy Brome - Weed Identification Guide
Saskatchewan Agriculture, Food and Rural Revitalization (Canada).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Controls

Bromus tectorum (grass) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Bromus tectorum - Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands Book (2000)
California Invasive Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Bromus tectorum
Discover Life.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Bromus tectorum - Comprehensive Report
NatureServe Explorer.
Taxonomy; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Special Note: References

Bromus tectorum
Texasinvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Citations

Colorado State Parks. 2005. Downy Brome (Cheatgrass) - Best Management Practices - Weed Profile (PDF | 214 KB).

Mosely, J.C., S.C. Bunting, and M.E. Monoukian. 1999. Cheatgrass. In R.L. Sheley and J.K. Petroff, eds. Biology and Management of Noxious Rangeland Weeds. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, OR.

University of Connecticut. 2009. Invasive Plant Atlas of New England. Cheatgrass.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
 
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