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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Downy Brome
Species Profiles

Downy Brome

Downy BromeScientific name: Bromus tectorum L. (ITIS)

Common names: Downy brome, bronco grass, downy chess, drooping brome, June grass, early chess, military chess, cheatgrass

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Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (University of Connecticut 2009)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1800s (University of Connecticut 2009)

Means of Introduction: Introduced accidentally through contaminated shipments (University of Connecticut 2009)

Impacts: Crowds out native grasses (Mosley et al. 1999); creates wildfire hazards (Colorado State Parks 2005)

Current U.S. Distribution:



Selected Resources:

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Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands - Bromus tectorum
California Invasive Plant Council.
Bossard, C.C., J.M. Randall, and M.C. Hoshovsky (Editors). 2000. Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press. Berkeley, CA.


Alaska Exotic Plants Information Clearinghouse: Species Biography - Cheatgrass (Feb 7, 2011; PDF | 164 KB)
University of Alaska - Anchorage. Alaska Natural Heritage Program.

Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) - Cheatgrass
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Cheatgrass
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Texas Invasives Database - Bromus tectorum

Invasive Species Compendium - Bromus tectorum
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Bromus tectorum (grass)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) - Bromus tectorum
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Bromus tectorum
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Cheatgrass
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
See also: Plant Guide - Cheatgrass (PDF | 110 KB)

Guide to Weeds in British Columbia - Cheatgrass
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture Food and Fisheries (Canada).

Downy Brome - Weed Identification Guide
Saskatchewan Agriculture, Food and Rural Revitalization (Canada).


Downy Brome (Cheatgrass) - Best Management Practices Weed Profile (PDF | 214 KB)
Colorado State Parks.

Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Cheatgrass and Poverty Brome (PDF | 903 KB)
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.


Cheatgrass: Identification, Biology, and Integrated Management (PDF | 336 KB)
Montana State University Extension.

Downy Brome Control
University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Cooperative Extension.

A Homeowner's Guide to Cheatgrass (PDF | 126 KB)
University of Nevada - Reno. Cooperative Extension.

Cheatgrass - Range Plants of Utah
Utah State University. Extension.

Cheatgrass Management Handbook: Managing an Invasive Annual Grass in the Rocky Mountain Region (Aug 2013; PDF | 3.44 MB)
University of Wyoming; Colorado State University.



Colorado State Parks. 2005. Downy Brome (Cheatgrass) - Best Management Practices - Weed Profile (PDF | 214 KB).

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Bromus tectorum. [Accessed Mar 16, 2015].

Mosely, J.C., S.C. Bunting, and M.E. Monoukian. 1999. Cheatgrass. In: R.L. Sheley and J.K. Petrof (Eds.), Biology and Management of Noxious Rangeland Weeds. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press.

University of Connecticut. 2009. Cheatgrass. Invasive Plant Atlas of New England.

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Last Modified: Nov 19, 2015
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