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You are here: Home / Plants / Management / Control / Control Mechanisms
Plants
  
Management

Control Mechanisms

Outlines biological, chemical, and mechanical control methods for invasive plant species. See Manager's Tool Kit - Control Mechanisms for general resources and other species.

Fire Management and Invasive Plants: A Handbook (2008; PDF | 1.4 MB)
DOI. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
This manual provides practical guidelines for fire managers to effectively integrate invasive plant management activities into their fire management programs.

National Network of Invasive Plant Centers (NNIPC)
National Network of Invasive Plant Centers.
This new national network will coordinate existing regional information and expertise to efficiently develop and deliver comprehensive national programs, and provide a clearinghouse for continuously evolving information such as: Best Management Practices, invasive species alerts, research findings, mapping efforts, and funding and training opportunities.

Managing Invasive Plants: Concepts, Principles, and Practices
DOI. FWS. National Wildlife Refuge System.
Provides an overview of invasive plant management and planning supported by case studies, quizzes, scientific literature, and web-based resources valuable to natural resource professionals.

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems: Fire and Nonnative Invasive Plants (Sep 2008)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station.
RMRS-GTR-42, vol. 6.
This state-of-knowledge review of information on relationships between wildland fire and nonnative invasive plants can assist fire managers and other land managers concerned with prevention, detection, and eradication or control of nonnative invasive plants.

The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds
WeedScience.com.
Survey monitors the evolution of herbicide-resistant weeds and assesses their impact globally.

A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests (2010) / Web Version
USDA. Forest Service. Southern Research Station.
Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-119; previous version - Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests: A Field Guide for Identification and Control (2003). See below for companion guide (A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern Forests).

A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern Forests (Nov 2010) / Web Version
USDA. Forest Service. Southern Research Station
Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-119
Provides homeowners, gardeners, land managers and others information on controlling and removing invasive plants in the South. The guide provides information on developing strategies for controlling 56 of the most pervasive invasive species in the South. See above for companion guide (A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests).

Benefits of Pesticide Use
National Center for Food and Agriculture Policy.
This project identifies the target pests and documents the historical record of pest control. Chemicals are compared with organic practices for four categories: fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, and plant growth regulators.

Biological Control / Herbicides
Weed Science Society of America.

Biological Control: A Guide to Natural Enemies in North America - Weed-feeders
Cornell University. New York State Agricultural Experiment Station. Department of Entomology.

Biological Control of Forest Pests in the Eastern United States
University of Massachussetts - Amherst.

Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States (Aug 2002)
BugwoodWiki.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.

Biological Control of Invasive Plants Research
University of Delaware. College of Agriculture & Natural Resources.

Biological Control of Non-Indigenous Plant Species
Cornell University. Natural Resources.

Biological Control Options for Invasive Weeds of New Zealand Protected Areas (Jun 2002; PDF | 467 KB)
New Zealand Department of Conservation.

Biocontrol of Forest Weeds
University of Hawai'i - Manoa. Botany Department.

Chemical Weed Control for Field Crops, Pastures, Rangeland, and Noncropland (2014; PDF | 1.94 MB)
Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service.

Chemical Weed Control in Tree Plantings (Apr 2007; PDF | 121 KB)
Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service.

Control of Nonnative Invasive Plants on your Woodlot (Part of the "Biodiversity of a New England Woodlot Series")
USDA. FS. State and Private Forestry.

Control Resources
Montana State University. Center for Invasive Species Management.
Includes: Biocontrol, grazing, herbicides, mechanical and prescribed burning

Control Techniques for Invasive Plants
DOI. NPS. Redwood National and State Parks.
Provides a good introduction to and examples of various types of mechanical, cultural, biological, and chemical controls for combating invasive plant species.

Creating an Integrated Weed Management Plan: A Handbook for Owners and Managers of Lands with Natural Values (Mar 2000; PDF | 1.9 MB) and Links to 14 Appendices (scroll down to view)
Colorado Department of Natural Resources. Colorado Natural Areas Program; Colorado Department of Agriculture. Plant Industry.

Dangerous Travelers: Controlling Invasive Plants Along America’s Roadways (available on video)
USDA. FS. Invasive Species Program.
Published by: USDA. FS. San Dimas Technology and Development Center; National Forest System Invasive Species Program, DOT, Federal Highway Administration; DOI, Fish and Wildlife Service. This video will help maintenance crews recognize and control noxious weeds along roadsides. Road crews that maintain any type road, from interstate
highways to aggregate roads, are the frontline in preventing the spread of invasive plants.
Note: The video links require Windows Media Player for .wmv files.

Exotic Pest Plants and Their Control
USDA. FS. Southern Research Station.
James H. Miller (Revised Feb 25, 2002)

Federal Noxious Weed Program
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

FICMNEW's 2005/2006 Workplan (FINAL) (PDF | 147 KB)
Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds.

Herbicide Advice for Homeowners (2003; PDF | 203 KB)
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council.

Identification Tool for Weevil Biological Control Agents of Aquatic and Terrestrial Weeds in the United States and Canada
Florida A&M University. Center for Biological Control.
The tool utilizes Lucid 3.3 software and comprises an interactive key for identification and verification based on detailed species information with 140 images, and covering 38 beneficial weevil species (36 exotic and 2 endemic in the U.S.) in 28 genera in Canada and the U.S.

Invasive Plants
Missouri Department of Conservation.
Based on the Missouri Vegetation Management Manual, these control recommendations are for 25 of the most troublesome invasive, non-native plants in Missouri.

Invasive Plant Management Guide (Updated Jan 2001)
Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group.

Invasive Plant Management: CIPM Invasive Plant Online Textbook
Montana State University. Center for Invasive Species Management.
Contributions from leading researchers. Covers ecological theory, inventory, monitoring, impacts, prevention, wildfire, and case studies.

Invasive Plants Established in the United States that are Found in Asia and Their Associated Natural Enemies (Vol 1; 2nd Ed) (Mar 2006; PDF | 7.1 MB)
USDA. FS. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.
FHTET-2004-05

Invasive Plants Established in the United States that are Found in Asia and Their Associated Natural Enemies (Vol 2; 2nd Ed) (Mar 2006; PDF | 8 MB)
USDA. FS. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.
FHTET-2005-15

Managing Competing and Unwanted Vegetation
USDA. Forest Service.

Managing Invasive Alien Plants in Natural Areas, Parks, and Small Woodlands (PDF | 169 KB)
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Natural Heritage Program.
An introduction and guide to invasive plant management, produced by the Virginia Department of Conservation & Recreation's Natural Heritage Program.

Northeastern Area Invasive Forest Plant Species Project: Guide to the Invasive Plant Control (PDF | 2.5 MB)
Vermont Division of Forestry.
Prepared by Ellsworth Land Management, LLC.

Noxious Weed Integrated Vegetation Management Guide
IPM Practioners Association.

Plant Pathogens at Work: Progress and Possibilities for Weed Biocontrol, Part 1: Classical vs. Bioherbicidal Approach (Aug 2006) and Plant Pathogens at Work: Progress and Possibilities for Weed Biocontrol, Part 2: Improving Weed Control Efficacy (Sep 2006)
American Phytopathological Society.

Targeted Grazing: A Natural Approach to Vegetation Management and Landscape Enhancement - A handbook on grazing as a new ecological service (Dec 2006)
University of Idaho. Rangeland Ecology and Management.
Prepared by: American Sheep Industry Association

Team Leafy Spurge
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
A USDA-ARS research and demonstration program focusing on the Little Missouri River and associated watersheds in Wyoming, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota. Its goal is to research, develop and demonstrate ecologically based integrated pest management strategies that landowners and land managers can use to achieve effective, affordable leafy spurge control. The project is conducted in collaboration with the USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

The Weed Workers' Handbook: A Guide to Techniques for Removing Bay Area Invasive Plants (May 2004)
California Invasive Plant Council.

Treatment of Invasive Plants
DOI. NPS. Yosemite National Park.

Weed Control & Management
Colorado Weed Management Association.

Weed Control Options in Tree Plants (Nov 2012; PDF | 123 KB)
Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service.

Weed Management for Small Rural Acreages
Colorado State University. Cooperative Extension.

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems: Fire and Nonnative Invasive Plants (Sep 2008)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station.
RMRS-GTR-42, vol. 6.
This state-of-knowledge review of information on relationships between wildland fire and nonnative invasive plants can assist fire managers and other land managers concerned with prevention, detection, and eradication or control of nonnative invasive plants.

Use of Fire as a Tool for Controlling Invasive Plants (2006) and Joint Fire Science Program Project 06-S-01 Final Report (May 8, 2006; PDF | 160 KB)
California Invasive Plant Council.
By Joseph M. DiTomaso, Matthew L. Brooks, Edith B. Allen, and Ralph Minnich
Note: Small fee for shipping

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
 
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