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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Old World Climbing Fern
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Species Profiles

Old World Climbing Fern

Old World Climbing Fern - Invasive.org

Scientific name: Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br.

Synonym: Lygodium scandens, Ugena microphylla

Common names: Old World climbing fern, small leaf climbing fern

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Africa, Australia, and southeast Asia (Pemberton et al. 2002)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First found naturalized in the 1960s (Langeland and Hutchinson 2013)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Video: University of Florida - Old World climbing fern (Lygodium microphyllum) (or click Play button below)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental (Pemberton et al. 2002)

Impact: Smothers native vegetation and increases fire risk by allowing fire to spread up trees along its vines (Langeland and Hutchinson 2013)

Current U.S. Distribution: Florida

U.S. States and U.S. National Parks Where Reported Invasive: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States map

Federally Regulated: Listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit (USDA, APHIS - Noxious Weeds Program); effective May 3, 2010

Management Plans: Plants / Old World Climbing Fern

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Lygodium microphyllum
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Getting Atop Climbing Fern (Jan 2002)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Photographs; Impacts; Controls

Hungry Mite May Quell Old World Climbing Fern (Jul 2004)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Potential distribution of the invasive Old World climbing fern, Lygodium microphyllum, in North and South America (PDF | 232 KB)
USDA. ARS. Australian Biological Control Laboratory.
Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Research

Lygodium microphyllum Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research

Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br. - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

Weed Risk Assessment: Lygodium microphyllum (Old world climbing fern), Lygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern), and Lygodium flexuosum (May 2009; PDF | 669 KB)
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Legal Aspects

Old World Climbing Fern - Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States
BugwoodWiki.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Lygodium japonicum, L. microphyllum- Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Plant Profile for Lygodium microphyllum - PLANTS Database
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Illustrations; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Old World Climbing Fern, Lygodium microphyllum (PDF | 205 KB)
DOI. NPS. Everglades National Park.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Hydrologic Constraints on Establishment of Lygodium microphyllum (May 2007)
DOI. NPS. Everglades National Park.
Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls

Gaining Ground on Lygodium microphyllum (May 2004)
DOI. United States Geological Survey.
Photographs; Dispersion; Controls

Lygodium microphyllum - Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion

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State Government

Weed Alert: Old World climbing fern
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution

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University/Academic

Old World Climbing Fern - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Lygodium microphyllum - Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas (PDF | 78 KB)
University of Florida.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution

TAME Lygodium (Old World Climbing Fern)
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. TAME Invasives Portal.
Species of Concern; Contacts; Publications; Controls; Research

Old World Climbing Fern (Lygodium microphyllum)
University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

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International

Biological control of the Old World climbing fern in the USA
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (Australia).
Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Controls

Lygodium microphyllum (fern) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Threats to Birds - Old World Climbing Fern (Lygodium microphyllum)
American Bird Conservancy.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Old World Climbing Fern (PDF | 953 KB)
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Controls

Old World Climbing Fern (Lygodium microphyllum) Management Plan for Florida (2006; PDF | 2.33 MB)
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Lygodium Task Force.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Old world climbing fern, small leaf climbing fern
Guide to Invasive Plants of the Galveston Bay Area.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Lygodium microphyllum
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution

Citations

Langeland, K.A. and J. Hutchinson. 2013. Natural Area Weeds: Old World Climbing Fern (Lygodium microphyllum) University of Florida IFAS Extension. Publication #SS-AGR-21.

Pemberton, R.W., J.A. Goolsby, and T. Wright. 2002. 10. Old World Climbing Fern. In: Van Driesche, R., et al., Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States, USDA Forest Service Publication FHTET-2002-04, 413 p.

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Last Modified: Mar 04, 2014
 
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