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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Oriental bittersweet
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Species Profiles

Oriental Bittersweet

Oriental bittersweet - Invasive.orgScientific name: Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb.

Common names: Oriental bittersweet, Asiatic bittersweet, round-leaved bittersweet, Oriental staff vine, climbing spindle berry

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Eastern Asia (Fryer 2011)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1860s (Fryer 2011)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental and for erosion control (Fryer 2011)

Impact: Grows as a vine that smothers plants and uproots trees due to its weight (Fryer 2011)

Current U.S. Distribution: Northeastern and Midwestern U.S.

Images:

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Celastrus orbiculatus Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Celastrus orbiculatus - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

Oriental Bittersweet - Invasive Plants of Asian Origin Established in the United States and Their Natural Enemies (2004; PDF | 535 KB)
USDA. Forest Service.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Oriental Bittersweet - Weed of the Week (Jul 14, 2005; PDF | 184 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Celastrus orbiculatus - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Oriental Bittersweet - A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests
USDA. FS. Southern Research Station.; Bugwood Wiki.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Dispersion

Oriental Bittersweet: A Patient Invader
USDA. FS. Southern Research Station.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts

PLANTS Database - Oriental Bittersweet
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Oriental Bittersweet - Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas (2002)
DOI. National Park Service and Fish and Wildlife Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

American and Oriental Bittersweet Identification (PDF | 757 KB)
DOI. USGS. Great Lakes Science Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History

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State Government

Invasive Plant Species Fact Sheet: Oriental Bittersweet (PDF | 100 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Invasive Plant Species Assessment Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Oriental Bittersweet
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Invasive Exotic Plant Tutorial for Natural Lands Managers.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Special Note: Species Management and Control Information

Oriental Bittersweet - Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia (PDF | 49 KB)
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Natural Heritage Program and Virginia Native Plant Society.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Distribution; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: Scientific review and assessment (PDF | 87 KB)

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University/Academic

Celastrus orbiculatus (Oriental bittersweet) - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Oriental Bittersweet - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Oriental Bittersweet
Purdue University. Indiana Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS) Program.
Photographs; Impacts; Distribution

Asiatic Bittersweet - Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin no. 2506
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Oriental Bittersweet - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Oriental Bittersweet - Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants
North Carolina State University. North Carolina Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Controls

Oriental Bittersweet (PDF | 90 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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International

Celastrus orbiculatus - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Climbing spindle berry (Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb.) biology, ecology, and impacts in New Zealand (PDF | 302 KB)
New Zealand Department of Conservation.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Celastrus orbiculatus (vine, climber) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Asiatic Bittersweet - Invasive Plant Fact Sheet (May 2001; PDF | 101 KB)
Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Invader of the Month - Oriental Bittersweet (Dec 2003)
Maryland Invasive Species Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Asian Bittersweet - New Invasive Plants of the Midwest Fact Sheet (PDF | 217 KB)
Midwest Invasive Plant Network.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Biobullies - Oriental Bittersweet (PDF | 739 KB)
Natural Biodiversity (Pennsylvania).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls

Oriental Bittersweet
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Oriental Bittersweet - Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Citations

Fryer, J.L. 2011. Celastrus orbiculatus. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
 
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