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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Autumn Olive
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Species Profiles

Autumn Olive

Autumn OliveScientific name: Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. (ITIS)

Common names: Autumn olive, Elaeagnus, Oleaster, Japanese silverberry

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Asia (Munger 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1830 (Munger 2003)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental; cultivated for wildlife habitat and erosion control (Fordham et al. 2003)

Impact: Displaces native species (Munger 2003)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Images:

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Council or Task Force

Invasive Plants of Ohio: Fact Sheet 7 - Autumn-Olive and Russian-Olive (PDF | 213 KB)
Ohio Invasive Plants Council.
Included as one of the worst invasive plant species in Ohio's natural areas; for others see Invasive Plants of Ohio
.

Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual - Autumn Olive
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.

Fact Sheet: Autumn Olive (Jan 2014; PDF | 740 KB)
Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).
See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act.

Partnership

Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) - Elaeagnus umbellata
USDA. FS. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.

Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) - Autumn olive
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Autumn Olive
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Texas Invasives Database - Elaeagnus umbellata
TexasInvasives.org.

Invasive Species Compendium - Elaeagnus umbellata
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Elaeagnus umbellata (shrub, tree)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

U.S. National Plant Germplasm System - Elaeagnus umbellata
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Elaeagnus umbellata
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Autumn Olive
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

State Government

Invasive Plant Species Fact Sheet: Autumn Olive (2006; PDF | 659 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Invasive Plant Species Assessment Working Group.
See also: Species Assessments and Invasive Species for exotic animal and plant pests invading Indiana, causing economic and visual damage.

Invasive Species Best Control Practices - Autumn Olive (2012; PDF | 3.33 MB)
Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Michigan Natural Features Inventory.

Field Guide: Invasive - Autumn Olive
Missouri Department of Conservation.
See also: Problem Plant Control (scroll to Invasive Plants section) for more information to help you identify and control most common invasive plants in Missouri

Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Russian Olive and Autumn Olive (PDF | 223 KB)
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

See also: Invasive Plants fact sheets (scroll to view) for plant species (trees, shrubs, vines, herbs and aquatic plants) that have impacted the state's natural lands.

Academic

Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Autumn Olive / Russian Olive
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
See also: Maine Invasive Plants & Entire Series for entire series of 22 fact sheets and invasive plants brochure (available in HTML/PDF or for purchase)

Controlling Non-Native Invasive Plants in Ohio's Forests: Autumn Olive (Eleagnus umbellata) and Russian Olive (Eleagnus angustifolia) (2011; PDF | 350 KB)
Ohio State University. Extension.

Invasive Plants and Insects: Autumn Olive
Pennsylvania State University. Cooperative Extension.

Invasive Plant Fact Sheet - Autumn Olive and Russian Olive (Nov 2011; PDF | 164 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Flora Project of Morris Arboretum.
See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for additional invasive plants in Pennsylvania

Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast - Autumn Olive
North Carolina State University. Cooperative Extension. Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants.

Professional

Biobullies - Autumn Olive
Natural Biodiversity (Western Pennsylvania).
See also: Invasive Species Fact Sheets for the worst trouble-makers in the region, and also for additional trouble-makers for you to watch out for.

Citations

Fordham, I.M, R.H. Zimmerman, B.L. Black, B.M. Clevidence, and E.R. Wiley. 2003. Autumn olive: a potential alternative crop (PDF | 23 KB) In: J. Maas (Ed.), XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Berry Crop Breeding, Production and Utilization for a New Century (Acta Horticulturae No. 626, pp. 429-431). Leuven, Belgium: International Society for Horticultural Science.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Elaeagnus umbellata. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Munger, G.T. 2003. Elaeagnus umbellata. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Aug 11, 2016
 
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