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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Autumn Olive
Species Profiles

Autumn Olive

Autumn OliveScientific name: Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. (ITIS)

Common names: Autumn olive, Elaeagnus, Oleaster, Japanese silverberry

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Selected Resources

Native To: Asia (Munger 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1830 (Munger 2003)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental; cultivated for wildlife habitat and erosion control (Fordham et al. 2003)

Impact: Displaces native species (Munger 2003)

Current U.S. Distribution:

  • Invasive Species Maps
    USDA. FS. Northern Research Station.
    Maps are organized for 43 invasive plant species into five categories: trees, shrubs, vines, herbs, and grasses. Select the desired species to view the distribution information for northern states.
  • Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Autumn olive
    University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
    Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Maps can be downloaded and shared.



Selected Resources:

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Invasive Plants of Ohio: Fact Sheet 7 - Autumn-Olive and Russian-Olive (PDF | 213 KB)
Ohio Invasive Plants Council.
Included as one of the worst invasive plant species in Ohio's natural areas; for others see Invasive Plants of Ohio

Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual - Autumn Olive
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.

Fact Sheet: Autumn Olive (Jan 2014; PDF | 740 KB)
Alberta Invasive Plants Council (Canada).


Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) - Elaeagnus umbellata
USDA. FS. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.

Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) - Autumn olive
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Autumn Olive
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Texas Invasives Database - Elaeagnus umbellata

Autumn Olive
Vermont Invasives.

Invasive Species Compendium - Elaeagnus umbellata
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Elaeagnus umbellata (shrub, tree)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) - Elaeagnus umbellata
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Elaeagnus umbellata
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Autumn Olive
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.


Autumn Olive - Vegetation Management Manual
Illinois Nature Preserves Commission.

Autumn Olive - Invasive Plant Species Fact Sheet (PDF | 659 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Invasive Plant Species Assessment Working Group.

Invasive Species Best Control Practices - Autumn Olive (2012; PDF | 3.33 MB)
Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Michigan Natural Features Inventory.

Autumn Olive
Missouri Department of Conservation.

Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Russian Olive and Autumn Olive (PDF | 223 KB)
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.


Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Autumn Olive / Russian Olive
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
See also: Maine Invasive Plants & Entire Series for entire series of 22 fact sheets and invasive plants brochure (available in HTML/PDF or for purchase)

Controlling Non-Native Invasive Plants in Ohio's Forests: Autumn Olive (Eleagnus umbellata) and Russian Olive (Eleagnus angustifolia) (2011; PDF | 350 KB)
Ohio State University. Extension.

Invasive Plants and Insects: Autumn Olive
Pennsylvania State University. Cooperative Extension.

Autumn Olive and Russian Olive (PDF | 164 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.

Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast - Autumn Olive
North Carolina State University. Cooperative Extension. Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants.


Biobullies - Autumn Olive
Natural Biodiversity (Western Pennsylvania).


Fordham, I.M, R.H. Zimmerman, B.L. Black, B.M. Clevidence, and E.R. Wiley. 2003. Autumn olive: a potential alternative crop (PDF | 23 KB) In: J. Maas (Ed.), XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Berry Crop Breeding, Production and Utilization for a New Century (Acta Horticulturae No. 626, pp. 429-431). Leuven, Belgium: International Society for Horticultural Science.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Elaeagnus umbellata. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Munger, G.T. 2003. Elaeagnus umbellata. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: May 18, 2016
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