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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Autumn Olive
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Species Profiles

Autumn Olive

Autumn OliveScientific name: Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.

Common names: Autumn olive, Elaeagnus, Oleaster, Japanese silverberry

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Asia (Munger 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1830 (Munger 2003)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental; cultivated for wildlife habitat and erosion control (Fordham et al. 2003)

Impact: Displaces native species (Munger 2003)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Images:

Video:

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Elaeagnus umbellata
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Autumn Olive - Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas (2002)
DOI. National Park Service and Fish and Wildlife Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Controls

Elaeagnus umbellata Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Elaeagnus umbellata - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy

Autumn Olive - Weed of the Week (Jan 17, 2006; PDF | 204 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Elaeagnus umbellata - Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Autumn-Olive - Invasive Species Identification Sheet (Nov 2002; PDF | 186 KB)
USDA. Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs

PLANTS Database - Autumn Olive
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution

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State Government

Autumn Olive - Vegetation Management Manual
Illinois Nature Preserves Commission.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Autumn Olive - Invasive Plant Species Fact Sheet (PDF | 659 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Invasive Plant Species Assessment Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Autumn Olive Control
Missouri Department of Conservation.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Autumn-Olive and Russian-Olive - Invasive Plants of Ohio
Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Natural Areas and Preserves.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Controls

Russian Olive and Autumn Olive
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Invasive Exotic Plant Tutorial for Natural Lands Managers.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Special Note: Species Management and Control Information

Autumn Olive and Russian Olive - Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia (PDF | 100 KB)
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. Natural Heritage Program; Virginia Native Plant Society.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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University/Academic

Elaeagnus umbellata (Autumn olive) - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Autumn Olive - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Autumn Olive / Russian Olive - Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin no. 2525
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Autumn Olive - Fact Sheet: Invasive Weeds
Pennsylvania State University. Cooperative Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Dispersion; Controls

Autumn Olive and Russian Olive (PDF | 164 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. Morris Arboretum.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Autumn Olive: Elaeagnus umbellata - Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science.
Identification/Description; Photographs

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International

Elaeagnus umbellata - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Elaeagnus umbellata (shrub, tree) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Autumn Olive - Invasive Plant Management Guide
Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group.
Controls

Elaeagnus umbellata
Discover Life.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Autumn Olive - BioBullies (Western Pennsylvania)
Natural Biodiversity.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Elaeagnus umbellata
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Controls

Elaeagnus umbellata
Texasinvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Autumn Olive - Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Habitat; Controls

Citations

Fordham, I.M, R.H. Zimmerman, B.L. Black, B.M. Clevidence, and E.R. Wiley. 2003. Autumn olive: a potential alternative crop (PDF | 23 KB) In: XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Berry Crop Breeding, Production and Utilization for a New Century. ISHS Acta Horticulturae No. 626.

Munger, G. T. 2003. Elaeagnus umbellata. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Jul 01, 2014
 
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