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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Air Potato
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Species Profiles

Air Potato

Air potato - Invasive.orgScientific name: Dioscorea bulbifera L.

Common names: Air potato, Air potato vine, air yam, bitter yam

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Asia and Africa (Overholt et al. 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First observed in the U.S. in Alabama in the 1770s; first introduced to Florida in 1905 (Gucker 2009)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Video: University of Florida Lee County Extension - Air Potato (or click Play button below)

Means of Introduction: Originally cultivated as a possible food crop and ornamental in the 1800s (Miller et al. 2010)

Impact: Forms dense vines that smother native plants and trees (Overholt et al. 2008)

Current U.S. Distribution:

U.S. States and U.S. National Parks Where Reported Invasive: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States map

Management Plans: Plants

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Dioscorea bulbifera L.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Dioscorea bulbifera Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Dioscorea bulbifera - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

Air Potato - USFS Florida National Forests Invasive Plant Species Series
USDA. FS. Southern Region.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Impacts; Controls

Climbing Yams - A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests
USDA. FS. Southern Research Station.; Bugwood Wiki.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Plant Profile for Dioscorea bulbifera - PLANTS Database
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Dioscorea bulbifera - Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution

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State Government

Air Potato
Sarasota County (Florida). Integrated Pest Management.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls; Legal Aspects

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University/Academic

Dioscorea bulbifera L. - Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas (PDF | 75 KB)
University of Florida.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution

Air Potato in Florida (PDF | 113 KB)
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls; Legal Aspects

Natural Area Weeds: Air Potato (Dioscorea bulbifera)
University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls; Legal Aspects

Dioscorea bulbifera
University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls; Legal Aspects

Air Potato
University of Florida. IFAS Extension. Solutions for Your Life.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Air-potato - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts

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International

Dioscorea bulbifera (herb, vine, climber) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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Organizations

Air Potato Management Plan: Recommendations from the Air Potato Task Force (Apr 2008; PDF | 1.53 MB)
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Meet the Plants: Dioscorea bulbifera
National Tropical Botanical Garden.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Air Potatoes Take Over
Nature Conservancy.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Dioscorea bulbifera
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Habitat; Distribution

Dioscorea bulbifera
TexasInvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Citations

Gucker, Corey L. 2009. Dioscorea spp. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer).

Miller, J.H., E.B, Chambliss, and N.J. Loewenstein. 2010. Climbing Yams (PDF | 827 KB) In: A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests. General Technical Report SRS-119. Asheville, NC. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 126 p.

Overholt, W. A., C. Hughes, C. Wallace and E. C. Morgan. 2003. Origin of air potato identified (PDF | 99 KB) Wildlands Weeds 7:9.

Overholt, W.A., K. Langeland, E.C. Morgan, J. Moll and K. Gioeli. 2008. Air Potato in Florida (PDF | 113 KB) University of Florida. IFAS Extension Service. Integrated Plant Management.

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Last Modified: Apr 17, 2014
 
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