Random invasive species images that represents what NISIC does
USDA.gov NAL NISIC Sudden oak death Formosan subterranean termite Yellow star thistle Giant African snail Cactus moth Purple loosestrife
HomeAbout National Invasive Species Information Center (NISIC)News and EventscouncilHelpContact Us
 Search the National Invasive Species Information Center
Search all USDA
Advanced Search
Search Tips
Browse by Geography
United States
Browse by Subject
Aquatic Species
Economic Impacts
Laws and Regulations
Manager's Tool Kit
Resource Library
You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Air Potato
Species Profiles

Air Potato

Air potato - Invasive.orgScientific name: Dioscorea bulbifera L. (ITIS)

Common names: Air potato, Air potato vine, air yam, bitter yam

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Asia and Africa (Overholt et al. 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First observed in the U.S. in Alabama in the 1770s; first introduced to Florida in 1905 (Gucker 2009)

Means of Introduction: Originally cultivated as a possible food crop and ornamental in the 1800s (Miller et al. 2010)

Impact: Forms dense vines that smother native plants and trees (Overholt et al. 2008)

Current U.S. Distribution:



Selected Resources:

Back to Top


Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) - Dioscorea bulbifera
USDA. FS. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Air-potato
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Texas Invasives Database - Dioscorea bulbifera

Invasive Species Compendium - Dioscorea bulbifera
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Dioscorea bulbifera (herb, vine, climber)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) - Dioscorea bulbifera
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Dioscorea spp.
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Air Yam
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory - Dioscorea bulbifera
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.

Weed Identification Tool - Aerial Yam
Brisbane City Council (Australia).



Air Potato in Florida (PDF | 113 KB)
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Air Potato Publications
University of Florida. IFAS Extension. Electronic Data Information Source.

Plant Profile: Dioscorea bulbifera
University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.

Air Potato
University of Florida. IFAS Extension. Solutions for Your Life.



Gucker, C.L. 2009. Dioscorea spp. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Dioscorea bulbifera. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Miller, J.H., E.B, Chambliss, and N.J. Loewenstein. 2010. Climbing Yams (PDF | 827 KB) In: A field guide for the identification of invasive plants in southern forests (General Technical Report SRS-119). Asheville, NC: U.S. Forest Service.

Overholt, W. A., C. Hughes, C. Wallace, and E. C. Morgan. 2003. Origin of air potato identified (PDF | 99 KB) Wildlands Weeds 7:9.

Overholt, W.A., K. Langeland, E.C. Morgan, J. Moll, and K. Gioeli. 2008. Air Potato in Florida (PDF | 113 KB) University of Florida, IFAS Extension.

Back to Top
Last Modified: Nov 19, 2015
Bookmark and Share
I Want To
    Read Recent News Articles
    Read Journal Articles
    Find Management Plans
    Locate Images
    Find Experts

More ...

    Species Profiles
    Discussion Groups
    Economic Impacts
    Educational Resources
    Image Galleries
    Frequently Asked Questions
    What You Can Do
Media Help
 To view PDF files you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader installed on your computer.

To view Flash files you must  have Macromedia Flash Player installed on your computer.

 NISIC Home | NAL Home | USDA | AgNIC | Agricultural Research Service | Web Policies and Important Links | Site Map
FOIA | Accessibility Statement| Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement | Information Quality | USA.gov | White House