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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / White-Nose Syndrome
Microbes
  
Species Profiles

White-Nose Syndrome

Little brown bat with fungus on muzzle (White-nose syndrome) -  NY Dept of Envrionmental ConservationScientific name: Causative agent is possibly Geomyces destructans, but its role in the disease is uncertain

Common names: White-Nose Syndrome

Click image to enlarge

Bat-killing Fungus is a European Import (Apr 9, 2012)
Society for Science & the Public. Science News.
The fungal pathogen Geomyces destructans, introduced into North America from Europe, is the likely cause of white-nose syndrome (WNS), an epidemic that has killed millions of North American bats, according to a study from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Apr 9, 2012).

National Interagency Team Mobilizing To Tackle White-Nose Syndrome of Bats (2011; PDF | 2 MB)
USDA. FS. Northern Research Station.
Research Review, Winter 2011, No. 12.
Northern Research Station scientists are helping unravel the mysteries of white-nose syndrome (WNS), a fungal disease devastating bat populations in eastern North America.

Native To: Probably Europe (Lorch et al. 2012)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in a cave near Albany, New York in Feb 2006. New York Department of Environmental Conservation biologists documented white-nose syndrome in Jan 2007. (Blehert et al. 2011)

Images: White-Nose Syndrome Photo Gallery (National Wildlife Health Center) and Google

Video: The Battle for Bats: White Nose Syndrome

Means of Introduction: Unknown, possibly introduced by a visitor to a show cave in New York (Blehert et al. 2011)

Impact: Disease of bats causing a population decline of 72 to 88 percent of hibernating species in the northeastern U.S. (Lorch et al. 2012)

Current U.S. Distribution: Eastern U.S.

Management Plans: Microbes / White-Nose Syndrome

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

White Nose Syndrome Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research

Help Us Slow the Spread of White-nose Syndrome (PDF | 1 MB)
USDA. FS. Eastern Region.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

White Nose Syndrome (PDF | 84 KB)
DOI. Bureau of Land Management.
Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: Decontamination procedures

White-Nose Syndrome
DOI. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution

White-Nose Syndrome and North Carolina - An Overview (PDF | 374 KB)
DOI. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion

White-Nose Syndrome Threatens the Survival of Hibernating Bats in North America
DOI. USGS. Fort Collins Science Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat

White-Nose Syndrome (WNS)
DOI. USGS. National Wildlife Health Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution

Joint Oversight Hearing On "White-Nose Syndrome: What's Killing Bats In The Northeast?" (Jun 4, 2009)
U.S. House of Representatives. House Natural Resources Committee.
Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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State Government

Bats and White-nose Syndrome
Arizona Game and Fish Department.
Identification/Descripion; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

White-Nose Syndrome (Apr 2012; PDF | 1.7 MB)
Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control; Delaware Division of Fish and Wildlife.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion

White Nose Syndrome
Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife.
Photographs; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Bat Mortality in Massachusetts
Massachusetts Department of Fish and Game. Division of Fisheries and Wildlife.
Impacts; Distribution; Controls

White-nose syndrome
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.
Photographs; Impacts

White-Nose Syndrome (WNS)
Pennsylvania Game Commission.
Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

White-nose Syndrome Frequently Asked Questions (PDF | 37 KB)
Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency.
Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

White-Nose Syndrome in Virginia
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.
Illustrations; Distribution; Controls

White Nose Syndrome of Bats Fact Sheet (Jan 2011)
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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University/Academic

White-nose syndrome
Boston University (Massachusetts). Ecology and Conservation Biology.
Photographs; Impacts; Research

White Nose Syndrome Information (PDF | 155 KB)
Indiana State University. Center for North American Bat Research and Conservation.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

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International

Exotic - White Nose Syndrome Fact Sheet (2012; PDF | 140KB)
Australian Wildlife Health Network.
Identification/Description; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

White-Nose Syndrome in Alberta (Jul 2009; PDF | 475 KB)
Alberta Sustainable Resource Development (Canada). Fish and Wildlife.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

White-Nose Syndrome Alert (Spring 2009; PDF | 553 KB)
British Columbia Ministry of Environment (Canada). British Columbia Bat Action Team.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Introduction History; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Bats and White Nose Syndrome
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (Canada). Wildlife Management.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution

White-nose syndrome - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

White-nose Syndrome
Bat Conservation Trust (United Kingdom).
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

White-nose Syndrome
Bat Conservation International.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution

Bats on the Brink: White-nose syndrome hits home (Mar 1, 2010)
Center for Northern Woodlands Education (Vermont).
Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution

Mapping the Spread of White-Nose Syndrome with GIS (Sep 2009)
ESRI (Environmental Systems Research Institute). ArcWatch Magazine.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution

Coping with White Nose Syndrome - Arkansas Underground (Jul 2009; PDF | 795 KB)
National Speleological Society. Little Rock Grotto.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

White-Nose Syndrome
Western Bat Working Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Citations

Blehert, D.S., J.M. Lorch, A.E. Ballmann, P.M. Cryan, and C.U. Meteyer. 2011. Bat white-nose syndrome in North America (PDF | 1.15 MB) Microbe 6(6):267-273.

Lorch, J.M., L.K. Muller, R.E. Russell, M. O'Connor, D.L. Lindner, and D.S. Blehert. 2012. Distribution and environmental persistence of the causative agent of white-nose syndrome, Geomyces destructans, in bat hibernacula of the eastern United States. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 79(4):1293-1301.

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Last Modified: Jan 19, 2014
 
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