Random invasive species images that represents what NISIC does
USDA.gov NAL NISIC Sudden oak death Formosan subterranean termite Yellow star thistle Giant African snail Cactus moth Purple loosestrife
HomeAbout National Invasive Species Information Center (NISIC)News and EventscouncilHelpContact Us
 Search the National Invasive Species Information Center
   
Search all USDA
Advanced Search
Search Tips
Browse by Geography
United States
International
Browse by Subject
Aquatic Species
Plants
Animals
Microbes
Economic Impacts
Laws and Regulations
Manager's Tool Kit
Resource Library
 
You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Whirling Disease
Microbes
  
Species Profiles

Whirling Disease

Whirling DiseaseScientific name: Myxobolus cerebralis

Common name: Whirling disease

Click image to enlarge

Whirling Disease in the United States: A Summary of Progress in Research and Management (2009; PDF | 1.9 MB)
Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks.
Collaborations among federal, state and non-governmental organizations have been a key factor in the extensive research and management efforts related to whirling disease. The collaborators include the Whirling Disease Initiative, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, state fish and wildlife agencies, Whirling Disease Foundation, National Park Service, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, Federation of Fly Fishers, Trout Unlimited, academic institutions, and the American Fisheries Society.

Native To: Eurasia (Hedrick et al. 1998)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in Pennsylvania in 1958 (Hedrick et al. 1998)

Images: Google

Video: Black Tale - Whirling Disease (or click Play button below)

North American Fishing - Doc Talk: Dr. Hal Schramm on Whirling Disease And You

Means of Introduction: Probably through imported trout (Hedrick et al. 1998)

Impact: Disease of trout and salmon (Hedrick et al. 1998)

Current U.S. Distribution: Western U.S.; Northeastern U.S. (Map)

Management Plans: Microbes

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Whirling Disease - Harmful Aquatic Hitchhikers
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers.
Identification/Description; Distribution; Impacts; Life Cycle; Controls; Research

Whirling Disease - Myxobolus cerebralis - Aquatic Nuisance Species Research Program (PDF | 333 KB)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls; Special Note: References

Myxobolus cerebralis Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Whirling Disease (Myxobolus cerebralis) (PDF | 111 KB)
DOI. NPS. Big Hole National Battlefield.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts

Whirling Disease - Exotic Threats to Yellowstone Fisheries
DOI. NPS. Yellowstone National Park.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts

Back to Top
State Government

Whirling Disease
Colorado Division of Wildlife.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Controls

Aquatic Invasive Species: Whirling Disease (PDF | 94 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Whirling Disease Update Page
Maryland Department of Natural Resources.
Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Whirling Disease's spore-worm-trout cycle now a challenge for New Mexico fisheries
New Mexico Department of Game and Fish.
Impacts; Life Cycle

Whirling Disease: A Resource Stewardship Challenge
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.
Introduction History; Impacts

Whirling Disease and Oregon's Trout and Salmon
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.
Identification/Description; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Controls

Whirling Disease in Utah
Utah Division of Wildlife Resources. Fisheries Experiment Station.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle

Fighting Whirling Disease - Wyoming Wildlife News (May-Jun 1999)
Wyoming Game and Fish.
Identification/Description; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts

Back to Top
University/Academic

Whirling Disease Research
Colorado Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit.
Identification/Description; Life Cycle; Impacts; Research

Whirling Disease - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Back to Top
International

Whirling Disease - Aquatic Animal Diseases Significant to Australia (PDF | 2.23 MB)
Australian Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle

Myxobolus cerebralis (micro-organism) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Back to Top
Organizations

Whirling Disease: Reviews and Current Topics
American Fisheries Society.
Research

Invader of the Month - Whirling Disease Parasite (Mar 2008)
Maryland Invasive Species Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Controls

Whirling Disease Initiative
National Partnership for the Management of Wild and Native Coldwater Fisheries. Montana Water Center.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Controls; Research

What is Whirling Disease?
North Central Regional Aquaculture Center.
Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Dispersion; Controls

Whirling Disease
Trout Unlimited.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Citations

Hedrick, R.P., M.A. Adkison, M. El-Matbouli, and E. MacConnell. 1998. Whirling disease: re-emergence among wild trout. Immunological Reviews 166(1):365-376.

Back to Top
Last Modified: Jan 02, 2014
 
Bookmark and Share
I Want To
    Read Recent News Articles
    Find Out What Species Descriptors Mean
    Locate Images
    Find Experts
   

More ...

Microbes
    Species Profiles
    Databases
    Discussion Groups
    Economic Impacts
    Educational Resources
    Image Galleries
    Frequently Asked Questions
    Management
    Publications
    What You Can Do
Media Help
 To view PDF files you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader installed on your computer.

To view Flash files you must  have Macromedia Flash Player installed on your computer.

 NISIC Home | NAL Home | USDA | AgNIC | Agricultural Research Service | Web Policies and Important Links | Site Map
FOIA | Accessibility Statement| Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement | Information Quality | USA.gov | White House