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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Exotic Newcastle Disease
Species Profiles

Exotic Newcastle Disease

Exotic Newcastle DiseaseScientific name: Paramyxovirus-1 (PMV-1)

Common names: Exotic Newcastle disease, Velogenic Newcastle disease, Asiatic Newcastle disease

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Native To: First appeared in Indonesia in 1926; United Kingdom 1927 (OIE 2009)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1970s (First outbreak of exotic strain in the U.S.; was eradicated in 1974). The most recent U.S. outbreak in 2002-2003 affected poultry in several states: Arizona, California, Nevada and Texas. The industry suffered a devastating blow when more than 3.4 million birds had to be destroyed. California alone spent more than $160 million to control the outbreak. (California Department of Food and Agriculture 2011)

Means of Introduction: Could arrive in the U.S. in imported poultry (Iowa State University 2008)

Impacts: Lethal to birds, including poultry; exposure can lead to conjunctivitis in humans (OIE 2009)

Current U.S. Distribution: Not currently established in the U.S.


Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

New Approach to Fighting Exotic Newcastle Disease (ARS News, Oct 29, 2003)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.

Newcastle Disease: Protecting Poultry Farmers on Two Fronts (Agricultural Research Magazine, Oct 1999)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Impacts; Controls

Newcastle disease Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Information Resources on Newcastle Disease in Birds
USDA. NAL. Animal Welfare Information Center.
Special Note: Resources

Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) - Biosecurity for the Birds
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

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State Government

Exotic Newcastle Disease (END)
Arizona Department of Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Controls

Newcastle disease virus - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Exotic Newcastle Information
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Animal Health Branch.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Distribution

Exotic Newcastle Disease Outbreak
State of California. Los Angeles County. Health Services.
Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Exotic Newcastle Disease
Georgia Department of Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Exotic Newcastle Disease
Maine Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources. Animal Health and Industry.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Virulent Newcastle Disease
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) (PDF | 45 KB)
Texas Animal Health Commission.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion

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Newcastle Disease
Iowa State University. Center for Food Security and Public Health.
Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: Bibliography

Newcastle Disease - Viral Diseases
Mississippi State University. Cooperative Extension Service.
Identification/Description; Dispersion; Controls

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Newcastle disease
Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (Australia).
Identification/Description; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Newcastle disease virus in Alberta (PDF | 252 KB)
Alberta Sustainable Resource Development (Canada). Fish and Wildlife.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Newcastle Disease
United Kingdom Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Controls

Newcastle Disease - Technical Disease Card (PDF | 84 KB)
World Organization for Animal Health.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Controls

Exotic Newcastle Disease (micro-organism) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Newcastle Disease (PDF | 154 KB)
American Poultry Association.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Newcastle Disease - Merck Veterinary Manual
Merck and Company.
Identification/Description; Dispersion


California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2011. Newcastle Disease Information.

Iowa State University. Center for Food Security and Public Health. 2008. Newcastle Disease (PDF | 125 KB).

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). 2009. Newcastle Disease (PDF | 603 KB). General Disease Information Sheets.

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Last Modified: Jul 19, 2014
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