Random invasive species images that represents what NISIC does
USDA.gov NAL NISIC Sudden oak death Formosan subterranean termite Yellow star thistle Giant African snail Cactus moth Purple loosestrife
HomeAbout National Invasive Species Information Center (NISIC)News and EventscouncilHelpContact Us
 Search the National Invasive Species Information Center
Search all USDA
Advanced Search
Search Tips
Browse by Geography
United States
Browse by Subject
Aquatic Species
Economic Impacts
Laws and Regulations
Manager's Tool Kit
Resource Library
You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Exotic Newcastle Disease
Species Profiles

Exotic Newcastle Disease

Exotic Newcastle DiseaseScientific name: Paramyxovirus-1 (PMV-1)

Common names: Exotic Newcastle disease, Velogenic Newcastle disease, Asiatic Newcastle disease

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: First appeared in Indonesia in 1926; United Kingdom 1927 (OIE 2009)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1970s (First outbreak of exotic strain in the U.S.; was eradicated in 1974). The most recent U.S. outbreak in 2002-2003 affected poultry in several states: Arizona, California, Nevada and Texas. The industry suffered a devastating blow when more than 3.4 million birds had to be destroyed. California alone spent more than $160 million to control the outbreak. (California Department of Food and Agriculture 2011)

Means of Introduction: Could arrive in the U.S. in imported poultry (Iowa State University 2008)

Impacts: Lethal to birds, including poultry; exposure can lead to conjunctivitis in humans (OIE 2009)

Current U.S. Distribution: Not currently established in the U.S.


Selected Resources:

Back to Top


Invasive Species Compendium - Newcastle disease virus
CAB International.

Newcastle Disease - Technical Disease Card (PDF | 219 KB)
World Organization for Animal Health.

Global Invasive Species Database - Exotic Newcastle Disease (micro-organism)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases: Newcastle Disease (PDF | 1.42 MB)
DOI. USGS. National Wildlife Health Center.

Newcastle Disease
Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (Australia).

Questions and Answers - Newcastle Disease
Victoria Department of Environment and Primary Industries (Australia).

Newcastle Disease Virus in Alberta (PDF | 252 KB)
Alberta Sustainable Resource Development (Canada). Fish and Wildlife.

Newcastle Disease
United Kingdom Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs.


Exotic Newcastle Disease (END)
Arizona Department of Agriculture.

Exotic Newcastle Information
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Animal Health Branch.

Exotic Newcastle Disease
Georgia Department of Agriculture.

Exotic Newcastle Disease
Montana Department of Livestock. Animal Health Division.

Exotic Newcastle Disease (Jan 2010; PDF | 145 KB)
South Dakota Animal Industry Board.

Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) (PDF | 45 KB)
Texas Animal Health Commission.


Newcastle Disease
Iowa State University. Center for Food Security and Public Health.

Newcastle Disease - Viral Diseases
Mississippi State University. Cooperative Extension Service.


Newcastle Disease (PDF | 154 KB)
American Poultry Association.

Newcastle Disease - Merck Veterinary Manual
Merck and Company.


California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2011. Newcastle Disease Information.

Iowa State University. Center for Food Security and Public Health. 2008. Newcastle Disease (PDF | 125 KB).

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). 2009. Newcastle Disease (PDF | 603 KB). General Disease Information Sheets.

Back to Top
Last Modified: Sep 29, 2015
Bookmark and Share
I Want To
    Read Recent News Articles
    Find Management Plans
    Locate Images
    Find Experts

More ...

    Species Profiles
    Discussion Groups
    Economic Impacts
    Educational Resources
    Image Galleries
    Frequently Asked Questions
    What You Can Do
Media Help
 To view PDF files you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader installed on your computer.

To view Flash files you must  have Macromedia Flash Player installed on your computer.

 NISIC Home | NAL Home | USDA | AgNIC | Agricultural Research Service | Web Policies and Important Links | Site Map
FOIA | Accessibility Statement| Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement | Information Quality | USA.gov | White House