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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Exotic Newcastle Disease
Microbes
  
Species Profiles

Exotic Newcastle Disease

Exotic Newcastle DiseaseScientific name: Paramyxovirus-1 (PMV-1)

Common names: Exotic Newcastle disease, Velogenic Newcastle disease, Asiatic Newcastle disease

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Developing Vaccines to Combat Diseases in Animals: A New Vaccine to Fight Newcastle Disease (Jul 2011)
USDA. ARS. Healthy Animals Newsletter.
Newcastle disease (ND), which can be deadly for domestic and commercial poultry as well as wild bird populations, is a major concern worldwide for the poultry industry. ARS Scientists have developed a new vaccine that reduces mortality and severity of ND symptoms in poultry.

Native To: First appeared in Indonesia in 1926; United Kingdom 1927 (OIE 2009)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1970s (First outbreak of exotic strain in the U.S.; was eradicated in 1974). The most recent U.S. outbreak in 2002-2003 affected poultry in several states: Arizona, California, Nevada and Texas. The industry suffered a devastating blow when more than 3.4 million birds had to be destroyed. California alone spent more than $160 million to control the outbreak. (California Department of Food and Agriculture 2011)

Images: Google

Means of Introduction: Could arrive in the U.S. in imported poultry (Iowa State University 2008)

Impact: Lethal to birds, including poultry; exposure can lead to conjunctivitis in humans (OIE 2009)

Current U.S. Distribution: Not currently established in the U.S.

Management Plans: Microbes

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

New Approach to Fighting Exotic Newcastle Disease (ARS News, Oct 29, 2003)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Controls

Newcastle Disease: Protecting Poultry Farmers on Two Fronts (Agricultural Research Magazine, Oct 1999)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Impacts; Controls

Newcastle disease Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Information Resources on Newcastle Disease in Birds
USDA. NAL. Animal Welfare Information Center.
Special Note: Resources

Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) - Biosecurity for the Birds
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

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State Government

Exotic Newcastle Disease (END)
Arizona Department of Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Controls

Newcastle disease virus - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Exotic Newcastle Information
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Animal Health Branch.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Distribution

Exotic Newcastle Disease Outbreak
State of California. Los Angeles County. Health Services.
Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Exotic Newcastle Disease
Georgia Department of Agriculture.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Habitat; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Exotic Newcastle Disease
Maine Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Resources. Animal Health and Industry.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Exotic Newcastle Disease
Minnesota Board of Animal Health.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) (PDF | 45 KB)
Texas Animal Health Commission.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion

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University/Academic

Newcastle Disease
Iowa State University. Center for Food Security and Public Health.
Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: Bibliography

Newcastle Disease - Viral Diseases
Mississippi State University. Cooperative Extension Service.
Identification/Description; Dispersion; Controls

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International

Newcastle disease
Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (Australia).
Identification/Description; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Newcastle disease virus in Alberta (PDF | 252 KB)
Alberta Sustainable Resource Development (Canada). Fish and Wildlife.
Identification/Description; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Newcastle Disease
United Kingdom Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Controls

Newcastle Disease - Technical Disease Card (PDF | 84 KB)
World Organization for Animal Health.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Controls

Exotic Newcastle Disease (micro-organism) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Newcastle Disease (PDF | 154 KB)
American Poultry Association.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Newcastle Disease - Merck Veterinary Manual
Merck and Company.
Identification/Description; Dispersion

Citations

California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2011. Newcastle Disease Information.

Iowa State University. Center for Food Security and Public Health. 2008. Newcastle Disease (PDF | 125 KB).

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). 2009. Newcastle Disease (PDF | 603 KB). General Disease Information Sheets.

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Last Modified: Mar 14, 2014
 
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