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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Exotic Newcastle Disease
Microbes
  
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Exotic Newcastle Disease

Exotic Newcastle DiseaseScientific name: Paramyxovirus-1 (PMV-1)

Common names: Exotic Newcastle disease, Velogenic Newcastle disease, Asiatic Newcastle disease

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Selected Resources

Native To: First appeared in Indonesia in 1926; United Kingdom 1927 (OIE 2009)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1970s (First outbreak of exotic strain in the U.S.; was eradicated in 1974). The most recent U.S. outbreak in 2002-2003 affected poultry in several states: Arizona, California, Nevada and Texas. The industry suffered a devastating blow when more than 3.4 million birds had to be destroyed. California alone spent more than $160 million to control the outbreak. (California Department of Food and Agriculture 2011)

Means of Introduction: Could arrive in the U.S. in imported poultry (Iowa State University 2008)

Impacts: Lethal to birds, including poultry; exposure can lead to conjunctivitis in humans (OIE 2009)

Current U.S. Distribution: Not currently established in the U.S.

Images:

Selected Resources:

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Partnership

Invasive Species Compendium - Newcastle disease virus
CAB International.

Newcastle Disease - Technical Disease Card (PDF | 219 KB)
World Organization for Animal Health.

Global Invasive Species Database - Exotic Newcastle Disease (micro-organism)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Government

Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) - Biosecurity for the Birds
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases: Newcastle Disease (PDF | 1.42 MB)
DOI. USGS. National Wildlife Health Center.

Newcastle Disease
Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (Australia).

Questions and Answers - Newcastle Disease
Victoria Department of Environment and Primary Industries (Australia).

Newcastle Disease Virus in Alberta (PDF | 252 KB)
Alberta Sustainable Resource Development (Canada). Fish and Wildlife.

Newcastle Disease
United Kingdom Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs.

State

Exotic Newcastle Disease (END)
Arizona Department of Agriculture.

Exotic Newcastle Information
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Animal Health Branch.

Exotic Newcastle Disease
Georgia Department of Agriculture.

Exotic Newcastle Disease
Montana Department of Livestock. Animal Health Division.

Exotic Newcastle Disease (Jan 2010; PDF | 145 KB)
South Dakota Animal Industry Board.

Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) (PDF | 45 KB)
Texas Animal Health Commission.

Academic

Newcastle Disease
Iowa State University. Center for Food Security and Public Health.

Newcastle Disease - Viral Diseases
Mississippi State University. Cooperative Extension Service.

Professional

Newcastle Disease (PDF | 154 KB)
American Poultry Association.

Newcastle Disease - Merck Veterinary Manual
Merck and Company.

Citations

California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2011. Newcastle Disease Information.

Iowa State University. Center for Food Security and Public Health. 2008. Newcastle Disease (PDF | 125 KB).

World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). 2009. Newcastle Disease (PDF | 603 KB). General Disease Information Sheets.

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Last Modified: Mar 20, 2015
 
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