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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Laurel Wilt
Species Profiles

Laurel Wilt

Laurel Wilt - Invasive.orgScientific name: Raffaelea lauricola sp. nov. T.C. Harr. Fraedrich & Aghayeva

Common name: Laurel wilt

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Selected Resources

Native To: Probably Asia (the disease vector, the redbay ambrosia beetle (Xyleborus glabratus), is native to Asia) (Harrington et al. 2008)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Redbay ambrosia beetle first discovered in 2002; disease first discovered in 2003 (Fraedrich et al. 2007)

Means of Introduction: Probably arrived with the redbay ambrosia beetle on imported wood packing materials (Harrington et al. 2008)

Impact: Fungal disease of redbay (Persea borbonia) and other trees in the laurel family (Lauraceae) (Harrington et al. 2008)

Current U.S. Distribution: Southeastern U.S.



Selected Resources:

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Laurel wilt & ambrosia beetle - Ophiostoma sp. & Xyleborus glabratus Eichhoff
Nature Conservancy. Don't Move Firewood.

Phytosanitary Alert System - Raffaelea lauricola sp. nov. T.C. Harr. Fraedrich & Aghayeva
North American Plant Protection Organization.

Invasive Species Compendium - Raffaelea lauricola
CAB International.

Raffaelea lauricola (Laurel Wilt) and Its Insect Vector (Xyleborus glabratus)
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Global Invasive Species Database - Raffaelea lauricola (fungus)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.



Laurel Wilt Disease
Alabama Forestry Commission.

Laurel Wilt Disease
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.

Forest and Shade Tree Pests: Laurel Wilt Disease (Apr 2008; PDF | 671 KB)
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Florida Forest Service.

Laurel Wilt Disease Associated With Redbay Ambrosia Beetle
Georgia Forestry Commission.

Laurel Wilt
Mississippi Forestry Commission.

Laurel Wilt Frequently Asked Questions
North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. North Carolina Forest Service.


Redbay Ambrosia Beetle and Laurel Wilt
University of California, Riverside. Center for Invasive Species Research.

Redbay Ambrosia Beetle-Laurel Wilt Disease
University of Florida. IFAS Extension.

Red Bay Ambrosia Beetle and Laurel Wilt Disease
North Carolina State University. Cooperative Extension.

Laurel Wilt
Texas State University System. Institute for the Study of Invasive Species.



Fraedrich, S.W., T.C. Harrington, and R.J. Rabaglia. 2007. Laurel wilt: a new and devastating disease of redbay caused by a fungal symbiont of the exotic redbay ambrosia beetle (PDF | 94 KB) Newsletter of the Michigan Entomological Society 52(1-2):14-15.

Harrington, T.C., S.W. Fraedrich, and D.N. Aghayeva. 2008. Raffaelea lauricola, a new ambrosia beetle symbiont and pathogen on the Lauraceae (PDF | 420 KB) Mycotaxon 104:399-404.

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Last Modified: Nov 18, 2015
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