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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Dutch Elm Disease
Species Profiles

Dutch Elm Disease

Dutch elm disease - Invasive.orgScientific names: Ophiostoma ulmi (Buisman) Nannf. and Ophiostoma novo-ulmi Brasier (ITIS)

Common name: Dutch elm disease

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Selected Resources

Native To: Unknown, possibly Asia (Brasier et al. 2001)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in the U.S. during the 1930s (Olson et al.)

Means of Introduction: Introduced accidentally on diseased logs imported from Europe (Flores 2006)

Impact: Lethal fungal disease of elm trees (particularly American elms (Ulmus americana), which are more susceptible to the disease than other elm species) (Olson et al.)

Current U.S. Distribution: Has been found throughout the entire U.S. except for the desert Southwest



Selected Resources:

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Dutch Elm Disease
Nature Conservancy. Don't Move Firewood.

Invasive Species Compendium - Ophiostoma novo-ulmi
CAB International.
See also: Ophiostoma ulmi

Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE): Species Factsheet - Ophiostoma novo-ulmi
European Commission. Sixth Framework Programme.

Global Invasive Species Database - Ophiostoma ulmi sensu lato (fungus)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


Dutch Elm Disease
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection.

How to Identify and Manage Dutch Elm Disease
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry.

Integrated Pest Management Manual - Dutch Elm Disease
DOI. National Park Service.

Dutch Elm Disease - Trees, insects and diseases of Canada's forests
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service.

Dutch Elm Disease
Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development (Canada).

Dutch Elm Disease in Britain
Forestry Commission (United Kindom). Forest Research.


Forest Pest Bulletin: Dutch Elm Disease (Jan 2008; PDF | 272 KB)
South Dakota Department of Agriculture. Division of Resource Conservation and Forestry.

Dutch Elm Disease: Elm Tree Protection Program (PDF | 722 KB)
City of Seattle (Washington). Seattle Transportation.


Dutch Elm Disease - Factsheet (PDF | 333 KB)
Cornell University. Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic.

Problem: Dutch elm disease - Ophiostoma ulmi (Jan 2009; PDF | 248 KB)
Kansas State University. Research and Extension.

Dutch elm disease
University of Massachusetts Extension. Landscape, Nursery, and Urban Forestry Program.

Dutch Elm Disease
University of Minnesota Extension.

Dutch Elm Disease
North Carolina State University. Plant Pathology Extension.

Dutch Elm Disease in North Dakota: A New Look (Jan 2013; PDF | 865 KB)
North Dakota State University Agriculture and University Extension.

Fact Sheet: Dutch Elm Disease (PDF | 598 KB)
Ohio State University Extension.

Dutch Elm Disease and Its Control (PDF | 1.24 MB)
Oklahoma State University. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service.

Elm: Dutch Elm Disease - Online Guide to Plant Disease Control
Oregon State University Extension.

Utah Pests Fact Sheet - Elm Bark Beetles and Dutch Elm Disease (Sep 2011; PDF | 534 KB)
Utah State University Extension; Utah Plant Pest Diagnostic Laboratory.


Dutch Elm Disease
American Phytopathological Society.

Dutch Elm Disease
Missouri Botanical Garden. William T. Kemper Center for Home Gardening. Integrated Pest Management.

Dutch Elm Disease
Morton Arboretum (Illinois).


Brasier, C. M., and K. W. Buck. 2001. Rapid Evolutionary Changes in a Globally Invading Fungal Pathogen. Biological Invasions 3:223-233.

Flores, A. 2006. Dutch Elm Disease Update. USDA. ARS. Agricultural Research.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Ophiostoma spp. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Olson, B., S. von Broembsen, and T. Royer. Dutch Elm Disease and Its Control (PDF | 1.24 MB). Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service. EPP-7602.

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Last Modified: Mar 20, 2015
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