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You are here: Home / Microbes / Species Profiles / Dutch Elm Disease
Microbes
  
Species Profiles

Dutch Elm Disease

Dutch elm disease - Invasive.orgScientific names: Ophiostoma ulmi (Buisman) Nannf. and Ophiostoma novo-ulmi Brasier

Common name: Dutch elm disease

Click image to enlarge

Native To: Unknown, possibly Asia (Brasier et al. 2001)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in the U.S. during the 1930s (Olson et al.)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Videos: New Hampshire Public TV - Dutch Elm Disease (or click Play button below)

Alabama Cooperative Extension - Dutch Elm Disease

Means of Introduction: Introduced accidentally on diseased logs imported from Europe (Flores 2006)

Impact: Lethal fungal disease of elm trees (particularly American elms (Ulmus americana), which are more susceptible to the disease than other elm species) (Olson et al.)

Current U.S. Distribution: Has been found throughout the entire U.S. except for the desert Southwest

Management Plans: Microbes

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Ophiostoma spp.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Dutch Elm Disease Update (Jun 2006)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Dutch elm disease Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Dutch Elm Disease caused by Ceratocystis ulmi - Insects and Diseases of Trees in the South (1989)
BugwoodWiki.
Produced by: USDA. Forest Service. Protrotection Report R8-PR16.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Controls

Pest Alert: Dutch Elm Disease (DED) and the American Elm (Jul 1999; PDF | 141 KB)
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Controls

Dutch Elm Disease
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area. Forest Health Protection.
Photographs; Impacts

How to Identify and Manage Dutch Elm Disease
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Dispersion; Controls

Dutch Elm Disease - A Guide to Common Insects and Diseases of Forest Trees in the Northeastern United States (1979)
BugwoodWiki.
Produced by: USDA. Forest Service. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry.
Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle

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State Government

Dutch Elm Disease in Rochester, Minnesota (PDF | 1.14 MB)
City of Rochester (Minnesota). Forestry Division.
Photographs; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Legal Aspects

Forest Pest Bulletin: Dutch Elm Disease (Jan 2008; PDF | 272 KB)
South Dakota Department of Agriculture. Division of Resource Conservation and Forestry.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Controls

Dutch Elm Disease: Elm Tree Protection Program (PDF | 722 KB)
City of Seattle (Washington). Seattle Transportation.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Dispersion; Controls

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University/Academic

Dutch Elm Disease - Factsheet (PDF | 333 KB)
Cornell University. Plant Disease Diagnostic Clinic.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Controls

Sustainable Urban Landscapes: Dutch Elm Disease and Disease-Resistant Elms (Jan 1999; PDF | 2.75 MB)
Iowa State University. University Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Dispersion; Controls

Problem: Dutch elm disease - Ophiostoma ulmi (Jan 2009; PDF | 145 KB)
Kansas State University. Research and Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Dispersion; Controls

Dutch elm disease
University of Massachusetts Extension. Landscape, Nursery, and Urban Forestry Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Controls

History of Dutch Elm Disease in Minnesota (PDF | 635 KB)
University of Minnesota Extension.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls; Legal Aspects

Dutch Elm Disease
North Carolina State University. Plant Pathology Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Dutch Elm Disease in North Dakota: A New Look (Jan 2013; PDF | 865 KB)
North Dakota State University Agriculture and University Extension.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Dispersion; Controls

Fact Sheet: Dutch Elm Disease (PDF | 598 KB)
Ohio State University Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Distribution; Controls

Dutch Elm Disease and Its Control (PDF | 1.24 MB)
Oklahoma State University. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Elm: Dutch Elm Disease - Online Guide to Plant Disease Control
Oregon State University Extension.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Controls

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International

Dutch elm disease
Pests and Diseases Image Library (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs

Dutch elm disease - Trees, insects and diseases of Canada's forests
Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Life Cycle

Ophiostoma novo-ulmi - Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (Nov 2006; PDF | 174 KB)
European Commission. Sixth Framework Programme.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Dutch elm disease in Britain
Forestry Commission (United Kindom). Forest Research.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution

Ophiostoma ulmi sensu lato (fungus) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Dispersion; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Dutch Elm Disease
American Phytopathological Society.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Dutch elm disease
Invasive.org.
Photographs

Dutch Elm Disease
Morton Arboretum.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Dispersion; Controls

Dutch Elm Disease - Ophiostoma ulmi (Buis.) Narruf. and O. novo-ulmi Brasier J.C. Fisch
The Nature Conservancy. Global Invasive Species Initiative.
Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Distribution; Controls

Citations

Brasier, C. M., and K. W. Buck. 2001. Rapid Evolutionary Changes in a Globally Invading Fungal Pathogen. Biological Invasions 3:223-233.

Flores, A. 2006. Dutch Elm Disease Update. USDA. ARS. Agricultural Research.

Olson, B., S. von Broembsen, and T. Royer. Dutch Elm Disease and Its Control (PDF | 1.24 MB) Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service. EPP-7602.

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Last Modified: Apr 17, 2014
 
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