Toolkit for the Economic Analysis of Invasive
Species (2008; PDF | 1.4 MB)
International Union for Conservation of Nature.
The aim of this toolkit is to provide a clear, user-friendly
guide to the application of economic approaches
and tools to invasive species. It addresses the issues
associated with identifying the factors which cause
the spread of invasives, incorporating consideration
of invasive species into economic planning and
policy-making, and identifying economic tools and measures
to support on-the-ground management
actions designed to address biological invasions. This
toolkit has been produced for use in training
courses to be held in Africa. It is targeted primarily
at economists working in research and planning – in
universities, research institutions, government agencies
and non-governmental organisations. However, it
is intended that the toolkit will also provide guidance
on economics tools and approaches to scientists
who are working on invasive species management.
Characterised and projected costs of nonindigenous species in Canada (PDF | 238 KB)
University of Windsor (Canada).
Published by: Colautti, Robert I., et al. 2006. Biological Invasions 8:45-59.
of Invasive Non-native Species – Early Eradication
Lessens Impact (Dec 15, 2010)
The financial cost of non-native species has been published in a new report. "The
Economic Cost of Invasive Non-Native Species (INNS) to the British Economy" suggests
that invasive species cost 1.7 billion pounds every year. The research was conducted
by the international scientific organization CABI for
the Scottish Government, Defra and the Welsh Assembly Government and breaks down
the effect on each country. It indicates that the economic cost of INNS can be
wide ranging and can result in the loss of crops, ecosystems and livelihoods.
The cost to the agriculture and horticulture sector alone is estimated to be
1 billion pounds across Britain. See Great
Britain Non-native Species Secretariat - Reports for the full report and
the Costs of Alien Invasions (Apr 13, 2010)
Viewpoint from the Executive Director of the UN Environment
Put Price Tag on Invasive Species: Research reports
costs of invasive species' damage to ecosystem services
(Apr 20, 2009)
Ecological Society of America.
In a study, How
well do we understand the impacts of alien species on
ecosystem services? A pan-European, cross-taxa assessment (published
in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment e-view),
ecologists have listed the invasive species that cause
the most harm to environment and cost the most money
Economic Evaluation of Biological Invasions: A Survey (Jul 2004; PDF | 400 KB)
UFZ Centre for Environmental Research (Germany). Economics, Sociology and Law.
Economic Impacts of Invasive Plants in British Columbia (Mar 2009; PDF | 3.28 MB)
Invasive Species Council of British Columbia (Canada).
Impact of the Spread of Alien Species in Germany
(Jan 2003; PDF | 5 MB)
Miljøministeriet (Ministry of the Environment, Denmark). Skov- og Naturstyrelsen (Forest and Nature Agency). Nordic-Baltic Network on Invasive Species.
Impacts of Invasive Alien Species: A Global Problem
with Local Consequences (2007; PDF | 120 KB)
Global Invasive Species Programme.
Impacts of Invasive Species (May 2008; PDF | 71
Legislative Library of British Columbia.
Invasive Species: A Costly Catastrophe for Native Biodiversity (PDF | 149 KB)
Land Use and Water Resources Research.
Published by: World Conservation Union. Biodiversity Programme. Jeff McNeely.
Cost of Invasive Alien Species to Uganda: A Briefing
Paper (2007; PDF | 19 KB)
CAB International; World
Conservation Union. Invasive Alien Species Project.
The Economic Cost of Invasive and Non-native Species in Ireland and Northern Ireland (Mar 2013)
Invasive Species Ireland.
The Invasive Species in Ireland initiative has just published Ireland's first report on the economic cost of invasive and non‐native species in Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Economic Impact and Appropriate Management of
Selected Invasive Alien Species on the African
Continent (Feb 2007; PDF | 1.01 MB)
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
(South Africa); Global Invasive Species Programme.
Economic Implications of Invasive Species in International
Trade: The Chile-US Fresh Fruit Market (May 2004;
PDF | 110 KB)
Pacific Economic Cooperation Council.
Economics of Terrestrial Invasive Species: A Review
of the Literature (Apr 2006; PDF | 261 KB)
Agricultural and Resource Economics Review.
Species Cost 'British economy £1.7bn' (Dec
10, 2010) and Counting
the Cost of Alien Invasions (Apr 13, 2010)