Management Plan: An Action Plan for the Nation - International
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Summary] | [Introduction] | [Survey of Federal Roles & Responsibilities]
| [An Action Plan for the Nation]
| [Conclusion] | [Appendices]
| Prevention | Detection
| Control | Restoration
International | Research | Info
Management | Education
The U.S. cannot succeed
in addressing its domestic invasive species problems, unless
it takes a leadership role in international cooperation and invests
in strategies that raise the capacity of other nations to manage
their invasive species problems. Our ability to prevent invasive
species from entering the U.S. depends greatly upon the capability
of other countries to effectively manage invasive species and
invasion pathways domestically. Once invasive species become
established within one country, they pose a threat to an entire
region, as well as to trading partners and every country along
a trading pathway. If an invasive species never leaves another
country, it will never become a problem in the U.S..
The U.S. faces several
challenges in preventing and controlling the spread of invasive
species globally. Only a few countries (e.g., Australia, New
Zealand, and South Africa) have invested in the development of
well-coordinated policies and programs to address the problem.
Developing countries that recognize the gravity of the situation
and want to take immediate action are hampered by a lack of scientific,
technological, and financial resources. Efforts of most governments
to address invasive species problems are poorly coordinated.
Neighboring countries are often unaware of each other's policies
Clearly, the U.S.
needs to promote international consistency and adequate standards
in policies to prevent and control the spread of invasive species.
Governments and international organizations are using conventions,
treaties, and other international agreements to raise awareness
of the invasive species issue and take coordinated steps to establish
prevention and control policies. These range from trade-related
agreements that play a significant role in the regulation of
invasion pathways to agreements focused on the protection of
specific ecosystems (see Appendix 3).
These efforts need to be strengthened and expanded. The U.S.
also needs to encourage industry and other sectors to adopt codes
of conduct, thus setting voluntary standards to help limit the
spread of invasive species.
Actions by the U.S.
have sometimes contributed to the invasive species problems faced
by other countries. Despite good intentions, we have, on occasion,
inadvertently facilitated the introduction of invasive species
to other countries through development assistance programs, military
operations, famine relief projects, and international financing.
In meeting demands for U.S. products, we have exported organisms
that are invasive here and have the potential to be invasive
elsewhere. While traveling the world, U.S. tourists may accidentally
relocate organisms in their luggage, on their bodies, and through
their means of transport.
By openly sharing
information and technologies and cooperating in international
research, the U.S. can raise awareness of the causes and consequences
of invasive species, increase the capacity of other governments
to prevent and control invasive species, and lower the costs
of invasive species management here and abroad. For many years,
various agencies of the U.S. Government have assisted countries
with scientific information on the invasive species that threaten
their economies and human health. We have also provided technologies,
such as biological control agents, that have helped countries
eradicate or control invasive species. These efforts support
the U.S.'s broader development assistance objectives of securing
food, water, and human health through economic growth and environmental
- The Council will
strengthen and expand U.S. participation in the development and
application of mutually supportive standards and codes of conduct
within international fora:
a. By December 2001, the Council
will develop a strategy and support materials for U.S. representatives
to use in international meetings to encourage and assist all
countries with development of coordinated policies and programs
on invasive species, both domestically and internationally.
b. By June 2002, the Council, in cooperation with other relevant
bodies, will identify the limitations and strengths of existing
international agreements to adequately prevent and control the
spread of invasive species and develop a program of work with
other governments and international organizations to improve
the effectiveness of these agreements.
- By December 2001,
the Council will outline an approach to a North American invasive
species strategy, to be built upon existing tripartite agreements
and regional organizations, and initiate discussions with Canada
and Mexico for further development and adoption.
- By December 2001,
the Council co-chair agencies and State, in conjunction with
USTR, will establish an ongoing process to consider the risks
of invasive species during the development of U.S. trade agreements
and ensure that U.S. trade agreements facilitate a country's
abilities to prevent the movement of invasive species in a manner
that is transparent, non-discriminating, and based on sound science.
- By February 2001,
USDA, in cooperation with USAID, will sponsor three technical
assistance seminars in eastern, western, and southern Africa.
These events will highlight exchange of technical information,
including material about invasive species.
- Starting in January
2001, Council member agencies will provide financial and technical
support to international meetings of policy makers, as well as
regional and global programs of cooperation, that are working
to establish and implement mechanisms to limit the spread of
- By December 2001,
the Council and the U.S. AID will initiate a study, with GISP
and international development and finance institutions, of international
assistance as an invasion pathway, as well as options for minimizing
the impact of this pathway.
Note: Each section of the Action
Plan contains additional "Actions Planned" regarding