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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Zebra Mussel
Aquatic Species
Species Profiles

Zebra Mussel

Zebra MusselScientific name: Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) (ITIS)

Common name: Zebra mussel

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (NAS Database)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1988 (NAS Database)

Means of Introduction: Ballast water (NAS Database)

Impact: Competes with native species; clogs pipes (NAS Database)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Federally Regulated:

  • Listed as injurious wildlife under the Federal Lacey Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import, export, or transport between States without a permit
    DOI. FWS. Fish and Aquatic Conservation.



Selected Resources:


Zebra Mussels and Quagga Mussels
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.


Zebra Mussel
Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species Panel

Texas Invasives Database - Dreissena polymorpha

Invasive Species Compendium - Dreissena polymorpha
CAB International.

Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE): Species Factsheet - Dreissena polymorpha
European Commission. Sixth Framework Programme.

Zebra Mussel
Great Britain Non-Native Species Secretariat.

NOBANIS: Invasive Alien Species Fact Sheet - Dreissena polymorpha (2011; PDF | 217 KB)
European Network on Invasive Alien Species.

Global Invasive Species Database - Dreissena polymorpha (mollusc)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.


Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database - Dreissena polymorpha and Zebra and Quagga Mussel Information Resource Page
DOI. USGS. Southeast Ecological Science Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).


Quagga and Zebra Mussels
California Department of Fish and Game.

Zebra Mussel Watch Program
California Department of Water Resources. Environmental Services.

Zebra Mussel Fact Sheet (PDF | 90 KB)
Iowa Department of Natural Resources.

Zebra Mussels
Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks.

Zebra Mussel
Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation.

Zebra Mussel Control
Missouri Department of Conservation.

Zebra Mussels - Environmental Fact Sheet (PDF | 87 KB)
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.

Preventing Freshwater Aquatic Invasive Species: Zebra Mussel (Jan 2013; PDF | 978 KB)
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. Office of Water Resources.

Zebra Mussel Information
South Carolina Department of Natural Resources. Aquatic Nuisance Species Program.

Invasive Mussels: Threats and Prevention Efforts in Utah
Utah Wildlife Division of Wildlife Resources.

Zebra Mussels
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources. Environmental Conservation. Water Quality Division.

Zebra Mussels
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.

Zebra Mussel
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
See also: Scientific review and assessment (PDF | 106 KB)

Alien Profile: The Zebra Mussel
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Quagga (Dreissena rostriformis bugensis) and Zebra (Dreissena polymorpha) mussels
University of California - Riverside. Center for Invasive Species Research.

Aquatic Invaders: Zebra Mussel - Aquatic Invader Toolkit (PDF | 465 KB)
Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant.

Zebra Mussels - Aquatic Invasive Species in the Chesapeake Bay (PDF | 127 KB)
Maryland Sea Grant.

Zebra Mussel
Minnesota Sea Grant.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Zebra Mussel
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Zebra/Quagga Mussel
Paul Smith's College (New York). Adirondack Watershed Institute.

Zebra Mussel and Quagga Mussel (PDF | 267 KB)
Pennsylvania Sea Grant.

Zebra Mussels Pose a Threat to Virginia's Waters
Virginia Cooperative Extension.

Zebra Mussel Watch
University of Wisconsin Sea Grant.


100th Meridian Initiative
100th Meridian Initiative.

Zebra Mussel
Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (Canada).


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Dreissena polymorpha. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Dreissena polymorpha. USGS, Gainesville, FL. [Accessed Sep 16, 2014].

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Last Modified: Sep 29, 2015
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