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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Zebra Mussel
Aquatic Species
Species Profiles

Zebra Mussel

Zebra MusselScientific name: Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) (ITIS)

Common name: Zebra mussel

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Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (NAS Database)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1988 (NAS Database)

Means of Introduction: Ballast water (NAS Database)

Impact: Competes with native species; clogs pipes (NAS Database)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Federally Regulated:

  • Injurious Wildlife
    DOI. FWS. Fish and Aquatic Conservation.
    Includes species listed as injurious wildlife under the Federal Lacey Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import, export, or transport between States without a permit.



Selected Resources:

Council or Task Force

Zebra Mussels and Quagga Mussels
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.


Zebra/Quagga Mussels
100th Meridian Initiative.

Zebra Mussel
Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species Panel

Texas Invasives Database - Dreissena polymorpha

Invasive Species Compendium - Dreissena polymorpha
CAB International.

Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE): Species Factsheet - Dreissena polymorpha
European Commission. Sixth Framework Programme.

Zebra Mussel
Great Britain Non-Native Species Secretariat.

NOBANIS: Invasive Alien Species Fact Sheet - Dreissena polymorpha (2011; PDF | 217 KB)
European Network on Invasive Alien Species.

Global Invasive Species Database - Dreissena polymorpha (mollusc)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database: Fact Sheet - Zebra Musse
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).
See also: Zebra and Quagga Mussel Information Resource Page

State Government

Quagga and Zebra Mussels
California Department of Fish and Game.

Zebra Mussel Watch Program
California Department of Water Resources. Environmental Services.

Zebra Mussel Fact Sheet (PDF | 90 KB)
Iowa Department of Natural Resources.

Zebra Mussels
Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks.

Zebra Mussel
Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation.

Zebra Mussel Control
Missouri Department of Conservation.

Zebra Mussels - Environmental Fact Sheet (PDF | 87 KB)
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.

Preventing Freshwater Aquatic Invasive Species: Zebra Mussel (Jan 2013; PDF | 978 KB)
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. Office of Water Resources.

Zebra Mussel Information
South Carolina Department of Natural Resources. Aquatic Nuisance Species Program.

Invasive Mussels: Threats and Prevention Efforts in Utah
Utah Wildlife Division of Wildlife Resources.

Aquatic Invasive Species in Vermont - Zebra Mussels
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources. Environmental Conservation. Watershed Management Division.

Zebra Mussels
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.

Zebra Mussel
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
See also: Scientific review and assessment (PDF | 106 KB)

Alien Profile: The Zebra Mussel
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Quagga (Dreissena rostriformis bugensis) and Zebra (Dreissena polymorpha) mussels
University of California - Riverside. Center for Invasive Species Research.

Aquatic Invader Toolkit - Zebra Mussel (PDF | 465 KB)
Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant.

Aquatic Invasive Species in the Chesapeake Bay - Zebra Mussels (Sep 2013; PDF | 127 KB)
Maryland Sea Grant.

Zebra Mussel
Minnesota Sea Grant.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Zebra Mussel
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Zebra/Quagga Mussel
Paul Smith's College (New York). Adirondack Watershed Institute.

Fact Sheet: Zebra Mussel and Quagga Mussel (PDF | 267 KB)
Pennsylvania State University. Pennsylvania Sea Grant.

Zebra Mussels Pose a Threat to Virginia's Waters
Virginia Cooperative Extension.

Invasive Species Fact Sheets - Zebra Mussel
University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute.
See also: Zebra Mussel Watch


Zebra Mussel
Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (Canada).


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Dreissena polymorpha. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Fact Sheet - Zebra Mussel. USGS, Gainesville, FL. [Accessed Sep 16, 2014].

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Last Modified: May 21, 2016
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