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Water Spinach

Water SpinachScientific name: Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (ITIS)

Common names: Water spinach, swamp morning glory, swamp morningglory

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Asia (Lee 1998)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1970s (Langeland et al. 2008)

Means of Introduction: Horticultural escape (Lee 1998)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Lee 1998)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Federally Regulated:

  • Listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit (USDA, APHIS - Noxious Weeds Program)

Images:

Video:

  • Water Spinach (or select Play button below)
    University of Florida. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. (YouTube).

Selected Resources:

Partnership

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Swamp Morning Glory
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Texas Invasives Database - Ipomoea aquatica
TexasInvasives.org.

Invasive Species Compendium - Ipomoea aquatica
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Ipomoea aquatica (vine, climber)
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Government

Ipomoea aquatica Forsk. (Water Spinach) - Aquatic Plant Information System (APIS)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center.

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) - Ipomoea aquatica
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.

Ipomoea aquatica - Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S.
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service and California Department of Food and Agriculture.

PLANTS Database - Swamp Morning-Glory
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

State

Weed of the Month: Ipomoea aquatica, water spinach (Mar 2010)
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.

Water-spinach - Weed Alert (PDF | 302 KB)
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.

Water Spinach
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Academic

Water spinach
University of Florida. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.

Professional

Water spinach, swamp morning-glory
Guide to Invasive Plants of the Galveston Bay Area.

Ipomoea aquatica
Missouri Botanical Garden.

Ipomoea aquatica
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.

Citations

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Ipomoea aquatica. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Langeland, K.A., and H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.A. Craddock Burks. 2008. Ipomoea aquatica (PDF | 166 KB) In: Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas (Second Edition). Gainesville: University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, p. 67.

Lee, J. 1998. Handle This Spinach With Care. USDA. ARS. Agricultural Research 46(6): 26.

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Last Modified: Jul 08, 2015
 
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