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You are here: Home / Aquatic Species / Species Profiles / Water Hyacinth
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Species Profiles

Water Hyacinth

Water HyacinthScientific name: Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms

Common names: Common water-hyacinth, floating water hyacinth

Click image to enlarge

Native To: South America (Zhang et al. 2010)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1884 (Zhang et al. 2010)

Images: Invasive.org and Google

Video: University of Florida - Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) (or click Play button below)

Means of Introduction: Ornamental (Toft et al. 2003)

Impact: Forms dense colonies that block sunlight and crowd out native species (Toft et al. 2003)

Current U.S. Distribution:

U.S. States and U.S. National Parks Where Reported Invasive: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States map

Management Plans: Aquatic Species

Selected Internet Resources:

Federal Government

Eichhornia crassipes
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Taxonomy

Status of Waterhyacinth/Hydrilla Infestations and Associated Biological Control Agents in Lower Rio Grande Valley Cooperating Irrigation Districts, ERDC/EL SR-00-11, Sep 2000 (PDF | 5.25 MB)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.
Controls; Research

Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms (Waterhyacinth) - Aquatic Plant Information System (APIS)
DOD. USACE. Engineer Research and Development Center. Environmental Laboratory.
Identification/Description; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Water Hyacinth Research - TEKTRAN database
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Research

Watch Out Water-hyacinth! New Jungle Enemies Are Coming (Mar 2000)
USDA. Agricultural Research Magazine.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Controls

Eichhornia crassipes Article Citation Search - AGRICOLA Database
USDA. National Agricultural Library.
Research; Special Note: NAL Catalog Search (resources)

Eichhornia crassipes - Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program.
Taxonomy; Legal Aspects

Waterhyacinth - Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States (Aug 2002)
BugwoodWiki.
Published by: USDA. Forest Service. Publication FHTET-2002-04.

Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Distribution; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Plant Profile for Eichhornia crassipes - PLANTS Database
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
Taxonomy; Photographs; Distribution; Legal Aspects

Eichhornia crassipes
DOI. USGS. Southeast Ecological Science Center.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Distribution

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State Government

Aquatic Pest Control - Water Hyacinth, Egeria Densa
California Department of Boating and Waterways.
Controls; Legal Aspects

Water Hyacinth - Weed Alert (PDF | 255 KB)
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
Introduction History; Photographs; Illustrations; Impacts; Distribution

Water Hyacinth Anchored & Floating (PDF | 298 KB)
Indiana Department of Natural Resources.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Potential Invader Water Hyacinth: An Exotic Aquatic Plant (PDF | 528 KB)
Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. Office of Water Resources. Lakes and Ponds Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Water Hyacinth
State of Washington. King County Department of Natural Resources. Water and Land Resources Division.
Identification/Description; Illustrations; Introduction History; Dispersion; Controls

Water Hyacinth
Washington State Department of Ecology. Water Quality Program.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Water Hyacinth I. Current Status and Distribution Eichhornia crassipes (Nov 2007; PDF | 177 KB)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Photographs;Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

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University/Academic

Eichhornia crassipes (Common water-hyacinth, floating water-hyacinth) - Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE)
University of Connecticut. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Water Hyacinth - Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Distribution

Water Hyacinth
University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Controls

Invasive Species of the Gulf Coast: Water Hyacinth
Louisiana Sea Grant. Louisiana Marine Education Resources.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Common Waterhyacinth - Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth
Mississippi State University. GeoResources Institute.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Water Hyacinth - Introduced Species Summary Project
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

Water hyacinth - Aquaplant
Texas A&M University. Texas Agricultural Extension Service.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Controls

Biological Control of Weeds in Texas: Water Hyacinth
Texas A&M University. Entomology.
Identification/Description; Photographs; History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Controls

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International

Eichhornia crassipes - Invasive Species Compendium
Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI).
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Weed Profile: Water hyacinth
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Legal Aspects

Water Hyacinth
Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries (Australia).
Identification/Description; Photograph; Illustrations; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Eichhornia crassipes (aquatic plant) - ISSG Global Invasive Species Database
World Conservation Union. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

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Organizations

Eichhornia crassipes - Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands Book (2000)
California Invasive Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Eichhornia crassipes
Discover Life.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls

Water Hyacinth - Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas (PDF | 108 KB)
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution

Eichhornia crassipes
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Eichhornia crassipes
Texasinvasives.org.
Taxonomy; Identification/Description; Photographs; Introduction History; Impacts; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Dispersion; Controls; Special Note: References

Water hyacinth - Practical Guidebook to the Control of Invasive and Aquatic Wetland Plants of the San Francisco Bay-Delta Region
San Francisco Estuary Institute.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Impacts; Habitat; Controls

Water Hyacinth - Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Identification/Description; Photographs; Illustrations; Introduction History; Life Cycle; Habitat; Distribution; Controls

Citations

Toft, J.D., C.A Simenstad, J.R. Cordell, and L.F. Grimaldo. 2003. The effects of introduced water hyacinth on habitat structure, invertebrate assemblages, and fish diets. Estuaries 26(3):746-758.

Zhang, Y., D. Zhang, and S.C. Barrett. 2010. Genetic uniformity characterizes the invasive spread of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), a clonal aquatic plant. Molecular Ecology 19(9):1774-1786.

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Last Modified: Mar 14, 2014
 
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